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Ancient Korea

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Please use your textbook to label the map of Asia. This will be collected five minutes after the bell.

Sit quietly.

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Geography

Korea is a peninsula.

It is only slightly larger than the state of Minnesota.

Hot Tip

Its closeness to China and Japan has greatly affected its history.

Diagram
The Beginning

109 B.C. Korean peninsula is controlled by the Chinese

200s A.D. Korea drives them out three separate kingdoms emerged.

Three Kingdoms

Koguryo

Paekche

Silla

Northern Korea

Southwest Korea

Southeast Korea

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Government
Even though they were all separate kingdoms, each had a similar form of government. They were led by a combination of hereditary monarchies and aristocratic families.
System of Government
Aristocratic Family

Aristocratic Family

Aristocratic Family

Hereditary Monarch
Aristocratic Family

Aristocratic Family

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Religion

Koguryo

Buddhism entered and quickly became the official religion of all three kingdoms.

Silla

Paekche

The Silla Kingdom, allying itself with China, adopted Confucian ideals for its government.

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Government

Rivalries

Even though all of the kingdoms had similar types of governments, they were bitter rivals.

4th Century
to 7th Century Text

This led to a lot of fighting between the kingdoms.

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Unity

Silla Kingdom

With the help of the Tang dynasty, the Silla Kingdom won control of the Korean peninsula.

Koguryo

Paekche

Silla

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Koryo Kingdom

Silla King is assassinated.

Civil War ensues.

Koryo dynasty emerges.

Koryo rules for 400 years.

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Mongol Rule

In the 13th century, the Mongols took control of the Korean peninsula.

Korean people were forced to build ships in order for Kublai Khan to attack the island nation of Japan.
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Yi Dynasty 1392 Yi Song-gye, a military commander, seized power and founded the Yi dynasty. This lasted for 500 years.
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