Chile

Pablo Neruda
Poet and States Man 1904 - 1973 Nobel Prize for Literature, 1971

1904
Parral
The son of Rosa Naftalí Basoalto and José del Carmen Reyes Morales, Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto (Pablo Neruda) is born the 12th of July in Parral, Chile.

.1920 Temuco He attended the Boys School in Temuco where he studied humanities.

. the first edition of „Crepusculario‟‟ is published. In August.1922 1923 He contributed to the Student Federation magazine „„Claridad‟‟.

. Neftalí Reyes.1917 He published an article entitled ‘‘Entusiasmo y perseverancia’’ using his real name. His poem ‘‘Nocturno ideal’’ won third prize in a poetry contest. 1918 He published the poem ‘‘Mi ojos’’ in the magazine ‘‘Corre-vuela’’ in Santiago. 1920 In October he begun to use the pseudonym “Pablo Neruda” and in November he won First Prize in Temuco‟s spring festival. He wrote two books that became part of Crepusculario. 1919 He collaborated with others on ‘‘Selva oscura’’ in Temuco.

. and won First Prize in the contest sponsored by the National Student Association.Santiago 1921 He moved to Santiago to study in the Teachers‟ Institute to become a French teacher.

for instance: "The night is full of stars. On nights like this. I kissed her so many times under the infinite sky.The Saddest Poem I can write the saddest poem of all tonight. I can write the saddest poem of all tonight. To feel that I've lost her. She loved me. To hear the immense night. To think I don't have her. more immense without her. shiver in the distance. And the poem falls to the soul as dew to grass. I loved her. How could I not have loved her large. and the stars. Write. ." The night wind whirls in the sky and sings. still eyes? I can write the saddest poem of all tonight. sometimes I loved her. and sometimes she loved me too. blue. I held her in my arms.

What does it matter that my love couldn't keep her. Although this may be the last pain she causes me. my soul is lost without her. As she once belonged to my kisses. true. Someone else's. My soul is lost without her. My voice searched the wind to touch her ear. She will be someone else's. someone sings. Far away. That's all. I no longer love her. We. Her voice. Love is so short and oblivion so long. My heart searches for her and she is not with me. but how much I loved her. I no longer love her. her light body. true. and this may be the last poem I write for her. . Far away. but perhaps I love her. Because on nights like this I held her in my arms. my eyes search for her. we who were. The night is full of stars and she is not with me. The same night that whitens the same trees. As if to bring her near. Her infinite eyes. we are the same no longer.

El habitante y su esperanza Anillos Second edition of Crepusculario . with prologue and translation by Pablo Neruda He edited the magazine Caballo de Bastos and writes for various literary publications and the newspaper La Nación.1924 1925 1926 Twenty poems of love and one desperate song Páginas escogidas de Anatole France.

1927-1932 Burma Singapore Ceylon Java Neruda serves as honorary Consul for Chile in Asia. he wrote Residencia en la tierra. . During this period of great loneliness.

where he meets the great poets García Lorca. and Miguel Hernandez. . Cesar Vallejo.1934-1937 Barcelona París Madrid Neruda is named Consul in Spain.

1937 The Spanish Civil War and the murder of his good friend poet García Lorca. where he starts working on his collection of poems España en el Corazón. . and later in France. first in Spain. deeply affect him and motivate him to join the Republican movement.

its people and its historical destiny. While Consul General in Mexico. who he transports in a ship from Franco‟s prison camps to new lives in Chile.1940 Neruda is appointed Chilean consul in Paris. its nature.1939 . he rewrites his Canto General de Chile. transforming it into an epic poem about the whole South American continent. . and is responsible for saving the lives of thousands of Spaniards.

Senator Pablo Neruda protests. and in 1945 he is elected senator of the Republic. .1943 Neruda returns to Chile. When President González Videla's violently suppresses a strike of miners in 1947. also joining the Communist Party of Chile.

In hiding inside Chile. he begins to write Canto General. to Argentina. Along with Picasso and other artists. he receives the International Peace Prize. As a result. . crossing the southern Andes through thick forest on horseback. After more than a year living in secret. 1950 He begins to live in exile in various countries. the president orders his arrest. he manages to flee Chile.1948 1949 In the Chilean Senate. he gives a speech later published with the title “I Accuse”.

Arabic. and Armenian. Ukranian. Turkish.1951 1952 1953 His works are translated to Yiddish. Japanese. He returns to Chile and is greeted everywhere by joyous celebrations. The order of arrest that forces Neruda to live in exile is revoked. Portuguese. Neruda is awarded the Stalin Peace Prize. Vietnamese. Czech. Hebrew. . Korean. Georgian.

.1955 He moves to Isla Negra on the coast south of Santiago. living with Matilde Urrutia in a house he calls La Chascona.

I don’t want my country divided. We all can fit in this land of mine. I don’t want my country divided.1969 Neruda is chosen as a candidate for presidency of Chile in the primary elections. nor bleeding from seven knife wounds. . I want the light to be hoisted over new homes.

. Neruda withdraws from the presidential race. Salvador Allende. 1971 President Salvador Allende selects Neruda to be Chile‟s Ambassador to France.1970 When the political parties of the left unify behind the socialist candidate and personal friend Dr.

to the workers. to the poets. he is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in Norway. ’’ . justice and dignity to all mankind. 1971 “Lastly.On October 21. Thus. that the whole future has been expressed in this line by Rimbaud: only with a burning patience can we conquer the splendid City which will give light. I wish to say to the people of good will. poetry shall not have sung in vain.

23. .1973 On Sept. 1973. Pablo Neruda dies in Santiago de Chile. President Salvador Allende dies in a military coup directed by General Augusto Pinochet and supported by the United States. 10 days after the military coup. On Sept. 1973. 11.

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