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TUBINE GENERATOR SYSTEM

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

TURBINE SYSTEM
The power unit is installed with a -1000-50/3000-2 high-speed condensing turbine Operating on saturated steam, With non-controlled steam bleeds, With moisture separation and single-stage steam reheating, With a rotational speed of 3000 rpm.

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

TURBINE SYSTEMS

The Turbine Systems consists of: A single double flow HP Turbine (HPC) A single stage combined Seperator and Reheator Three LP Turbines (LPC) Three Condensers Regenerative Feed Heating System

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

MOIST. SEPRTR

REHEATER

FROM STEAM GENERATORS

HP TURBINE

LP TURBINE 1

LP TURBINE 2

LP TURBINE 3

COND. PUMPS STAGE 1 TO STEAM GENERATOR GSC


DEAERATOR

LCV HPH 2 TFP AUX FP HPH 1 LPH 4 LPH 3 LPH 2

DEMINZR

LPH 1

COND. PUMPS STAGE 2

BASIC FEED WATER CYCLE Fig.No.7

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

TURBINE SYSTEMS

Shaft Lubricating oil System Shaft Turning Gear System Turbine Governing System C & I Systems for control and monitoring the Turbo-Generator

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

GENERATOR SYSTEMS
The Generator Systems consist of a single a TVV-1000-2/24 alternator with Stator Water Cooling System Rotor Hydrogen Cooling System Shaft Sealing System Generator Excitation System Generator control System C & I Systems Power evacuation System
Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

TURBINE SYSTEM
The steam from the Four steam generators is supplied via Main Steam Isolating Valve (MSIV) and a Main Isolating Valve (MOV) to the HPC.The function of the MSIV AND MOV are To Isolate the SG in case of tube leaks To Isolate the SG in case of steam line rupture to prevent fast cooling of the reactor

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

To atmosphere

To atmosphere
BRU-A

SG SAFETY RELIEF VALVES

MSIV

MO VALVE TO HP TURBINE BRU-A

BRU-K TO MAIN CONDENSER BRU-A BRU-K

BRU-A

TO HP TURBINE

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani


Secondary Steam Supply System - Fig. No. 6

TURBINE SYSTEM

The steam then passes through the four Stop valve and Throttle Governing valve units on each steam line and enters the HPC.

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

TURBINE SYSTEM

After the HPC the steam goes through four steam lines (two lines per each exhaust from the HPC) to the steam separator-reheater for separation and intermediate reheating, both are single-staged. On passing separation and reheating, the steam goes, through the LP valve units, to the LPCs. From the LPC the steam is discharged into three condensers. The condensers are basement-type, transverse, with titanium tubes.
Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Regenerative Feed Heating System


The basic regeneration scheme is 4LPH+D+2HPH. The low-pressure heater LPH-1 is a surface type, horizontal, built in the condenser. The LPH-2 is of mixing type. LPH-3 and LPH-4 are of surface type. The HPHs are vertical and chamber-type. The tubing is made of stainless steel. Each housing of the HPH has an in-built drain cooler.

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

MOIST. SEPRTR STEAM GENERATORS

REHEATER

HP TURBINE

LP TURBINE 1

LP TURBIN

COND

TEAM GENERATOR

DEAERATOR

LCV

HPH 2 TFP AUX FP HPH 1 LPH 4 LPH 3

LPH 2

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

TURBINE SYSTEM

The condensers steam receivers, which are equipped with receive steam from the steam generators dumped into the condenser through the Steam Dump Valves (BRU-K).Also, the excess steam can be relieved to the atmosphere through Steam Discharge Valves (BRU- A) and by Safety Relief Valves. The Safety Relief Valves are Instrumented relief valves called Pulse Safety Devices (PSD)
Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

To atmosphere

To atmosphere
BRU-A

SG SAFETY RELIEF VALVES

MSIV

MO VALVE TO HP TURBINE BRU-A

BRU-K TO MAIN CONDENSER BRU-A BRU-K

BRU-A

TO HP TURBINE

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani


Secondary Steam Supply System - Fig. No. 6

TURBINE SYSTEMS
WE NOW PROCEED TO DESCRIBE THE FUNCTIONAL DETAILS OF THE VARIOUS SYSTEMS.

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Turbine Bypassing System (MAN)

The turbine bypassing system is intended for: Steam dump from the steam generators to the turbine condensers via fast-acting steam dump valves with discharge to the turbine condensers (BRU-K) during load through-off for prevention of an excessive pressure rise in the steam generators to exclude actuation of the Safety Valves and Atmospheric Dump Valves (BRU-A);

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Turbine Bypassing System (MAN)


Steam removal from the steam generators in the unit startup and shutdown modes; Pressure regulation in the secondary circuit; Maintenance of the reactor thermal power at the specified level with a change in the turbines electrical load.

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Live Steam Line System (LBA)


The live steam line system is designed for feeding live steam from steam generators to the stop and control valves in the turbine high pressure cylinder (HPC) Besides, the system provides:

Steam dumping to the turbine condensers or to atmosphere in case of load through-off of the power unit load and in case of scheduled or emergency cooling down;

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Live Steam Line System (LBA)

Protection of the steam generators and steam lines against excessive pressure rise; Live steam supply to the auxiliary header (when steam supply from extraction line of turbine is not available);

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Live Steam Line System (LBA)

Live steam supply to the deaerator (when steam supply from extraction line of turbine is not available); Live steam supply to the MSR in the steam reheating system and moisture removal upstream of the turbine low-pressure cylinders (LPC); Isolation of steam generators by fast acting isolation valves in emergency situations

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Main Cooling Water System (PAB)

The main cooling water system is intended for condensation of steam and removal of heat from condensers of the turbine. The components to ensure performing of the system functions are the main cooling water pump units.

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Demineralisation System (UDP)

Turbine condensate demineralizing system (LDF) is a system for maintaining secondary circuit water-chemistry regime (WCR) and to minimise deposits on steam generators (SG) heat exchanging surface, in turbines flow part and in condensate-feeding line. This is to prevent SG, secondary circuit equipments and pipelines structure materials corrosion and corrosion-erosion damage;
Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Main Condensate System (MAG)


The purpose of the main condensate system is as follows: To transfer condensate to the deaerator through Unit demineralizing plant and low pressure heaters system. To control condensate flow pumped by main condensate pumps in order to maintain the level in the deaerator and in LP heaters within the preset limits.
Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Main Condensate System (MAG)

To provide condensate flow in recirculation line needed for normal operation of the condensate pumps of both stages when the turbine is running at no load and at low load. The system consists of I-st stage condensate pumps II-nd stage condensate pumps

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Feed Water System (LAA/LAB)


The feed water system is designed for: Initial filling and providing the steam generators with feed water; Level maintaining in the steam generators; Prevention of feed water supply in case of a steam generator overfilling;

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Feed Water System (LAA/LAB)

Prevention of feed water supply to a damaged steam generator in case of the SG steam line rupture in the non disconnectable section, feed line rupture or leakage from the primary circuit to the secondary circuit; Deaeration and regenerative heating of turbine condensate in the deaerator to provide the design rates of oxygen content in feed water (10 g/kg at most), and also accumulation of hot water in the deaerator;
Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Feed Water System (LAA/LAB)

Power unit cooling down in case of failure of auxiliary feed water pump, as well as for quick cooling of the steam generators by standby electric pump; Averaging of feed water parameters downstream of the high-pressure reheater (HPH) groups.

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Feed Water System (LAA/LAB)

The LAB system consists of two basic turbine feed pumps (2 50 % capacity) and two stand-by electric feed pumps (2 25 % capacity) which pump feedwater from the Deaerator to the Steam Generators through the HP Heaters.

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

MOIST. SEPRTR

REHEATER

FROM STEAM GENERATORS

HP TURBINE

LP TURBINE 1

LP TURBINE 2

LP TURBINE 3

COND. PUMPS STAGE 1 TO STEAM GENERATOR GSC


DEAERATOR

LCV HPH 2 TFP AUX FP HPH 1 LPH 4 LPH 3 LPH 2

DEMINZR

LPH 1

COND. PUMPS STAGE 2

BASIC FEED WATER CYCLE Fig.No.7

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Auxiliary Feed Water System (LAH)

The auxiliary feedwater system is designed: To provide steam generators with feedwater in the modes of startup, shutdown in the state of hot standby as well as cooldown;

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Auxiliary Feed Water System (LAH)

To provide steam generators with feedwater in case of failures accompained by the limitations in water supply from the system of the main feedwater pumps;

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Auxiliary Feed Water System (LAH)

To supply feedwater through the deaerator of the secondary circuit for deaeration of feed water prior to filling of steam generators; To provide the after-cooling of steam generators in the water-water mode when the reactor is shut down for repair.

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Turbine Main Condenser System (MAG)


Functions
Besides condensation of turbine spent steam the purpose of the main condenser system (MAG) is as follows:

To receive normal make-up water; To deaerate condensate and make-up water primarily;

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Turbine Main Condenser System (MAG)

To evacuate noncondensable gases; To collect drains and noncondensable gases from the regenerative system and other sources;

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Turbine Main Condenser System (MAG)

To receive steam from the turbine bypass system (MAN); To control level of condensate in the hotwells in order to ensure steady operation of the condensate pumps under steady and transient conditions.

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Condenser vacuum system


Functions Condenser vacuum system is intended for: Evacuation of noncondensable steam-gas mixture from turbine condensers and development of vacuum within the condenser which is necessary for reliable operation of the turbine. Development of necessary vacuum in discharge chambers of condensers when filling the condensers with water at Unit start-up and when operating at load.
Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Steam Generator Blowdown System (LCQ 10 40)

The system for steam generators blowdown is designed for the SG blowdown and supply of blowdown water for purification (LCQ50-80) with the aim to keep required water chemistry of secondary circuit. It is also used for chemical flushing and decontamination of the steam generators.

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Turbine Governing System


The turbine is equipped with an electro hydraulic system of automatic governing (AGS) and protection developed on the basis of designs tested in governing systems of turbines -100060/3000 operating at nuclear power plants. The system carries out the following functions: Turbine running up by operator's command from the control desk.

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Turbine Governing System

Changing rotational speed by commands of an automatic synchronizer and keeping of rotational speed in the process of synchronization. Keeping the given turbine output; Creation of loading rate given by an operator in case of scheduled change of load;

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Turbine Governing System

Keeping the given live steam pressure; Turbine change over to station service load keeping rated rotational speed after load drop; Switching of controllers (load, live steam pressure) depending on operating conditions of the power unit and in interaction with reactor controller;

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Turbine Governing System

Analysis of temperature stresses in critical parts of turbine structure; Keeping the rated rotational speed of the turbine.

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Turbine Governing System


Valve name Closing time, not over than HP stop valve 0,8 s HP governing 0,4 s valve LP stop valve 1 s LP governing 1 s valve 5s Discharge valve
Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Turbine Sealing System


Functions.

The Turbine sealing system is intended as follows: To prevent steam leakage from the turbine valve stems. To remove steam-air mixture and to supply it to the gland steam condenser (GSC).

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani

Turbine Sealing System

Sealing of the turbine flow path to prevent steam leakage into the machine hall through the clearances of the turbine cylinder shaft end glands as well as the ingress of air into the casings when there is vacuum inside them.

Arul Kumaran Kothandapani