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Ruchita Bhaiya 09 Geetanjali Johar
International Standard Organisation (iso)
ISO, which is located in Switzerland, is a non-governmental organization established in 1947. This organization mainly function to develop voluntary technical standards that aim in making the development, manufacture and supply of goods and services more efficiently, safe and clean. The ISO took up the responsibility for drawing up a new Environmental Standard series ISO 14000, with the help of Technical committee TC 207. This attempt was approved by European Commission through the recommendation of CEN(Committee European de Normalization), which is European Union Standardization
TC 207 works through subcommittees each on.. Environmental Management System Environmental Auditing Environmental Labeling Environmental Evaluation Life Cycle Assessment Definition & Terminology .
Environmental Management System ISO 14001 .
2)It specifies a framework of control for an Environmental Management System. many to help you achieve registration to ISO 14001 .1)ISO 14001 is the corner stone standard of the ISO 14000 series. 3)Other standards in ISO 14000 series are actually guidelines.
Five components of ISO 14001 : Environmental Policy Planning Implementation Monitoring and evaluation Review .
In an organisation. * life cycle analysis * resource conservation * waste reduction * product design & The concept of sustainable development should be . environmental policy should… a) Be realistic taking into consideration the constrains and resources of the company as well as the extent of impacts that the organization has on the environment. the document should embody. While discussing impact.
c) Be clear about commitment for continued improvement of EMS. . d) Be in conformity with the laws and rules and regulations and must make a statement in regard to compliance.b) Be documented and available to all the concerned employees and the external parties stakeholders and publics.
it has to be . Planning of EMS for audit requires that the system should be in the form of written plan or manual giving details of work and procedures. when the work involves handling of hazardous materials or any other procedure involving safety measures. and its an important function of an organization in the sense that it takes into consideration a proper schedule. The plan include environmental aspects and impact. For eg. contingencies and alternatives to migrate the crisis if it occurs. successes as well as likely failures. targets. resources.
The process of implementation implies management skills. • Motivation for action. Financial and Natural Resources. • Preparedness for emergency. • Communication within the organisation. • Documentation. • Operational control. • Management of Human. • Responsibilities. Implementation for ISO 14001 means : .
MONITORING & EVALUATION .
• Such a process must be an ongoing process to identify environmental performance indicators that are verifiable.• EMS demands a mechanism for measuring and evaluation for which a process has to be evolved that involves testing and verification. . • Also. for regular monitoring. the companies must establish a system and procedure for determining compliance and conformance with law and rules and regulations.
. Reviews must go beyond the stage of compliance. the organisation has to think in terms of continual improvements of environmental performance. ii.New regulations. Review is very important because it undertakes an in-depth analysis of all the issues of environmental concern. Sustainability of environmental policy. iii. At Review stage. Issues to be discussed in the process of reviews are: i. It must pay full attention to implementation of objectives set out by the organisation. Recommendations of audit report.
Environmental Auditing .
ISO 14010 provides general principles of environmental auditing ISO 14011 provides specific guidance on audit an environmental management ISO 14012 provides guidance on qualification criteria for environmental auditors and lead auditors All are now superseded by. guidelines : • quality management systems ISO 19011 which sets the .
Environmental Labeling .
Type III is an eco-label whose awarding is based on a full life-cycle assessment. Type II is a single-attribute label developed by the producer. Type I is a multi-attribute label developed by a third party.ISO 14020 The ISO 14020 family covers three types of labeling schemes: i. ii. iii. .
Environmental Evaluation .
ISO 14030 Provides guidance on performance targets and monitoring within an Environmental Management System Environmental Performance Evaluation (EPE) Used for internal and external communication Regular self assessment of performance Three components Management Systems Operations Environmental State .
Life Cycle Assessment .
c. . The life cycle interpretation phase. The relationship between the LCA phases. The life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) phase. e. reporting and critical review of the LCA. The life cycle inventory analysis (LCI) phase. f.ISO 14040 ISO 14040:2006 describes the principles and framework for life cycle assessment (LCA) including: a. Limitations of the LCA. d. b. Definition of the goal and scope of the LCA.
Definition & Terminology .
published in the ISO 14000 series of International Standards. French .ISO 14050 Environmental management : Vocabulary ISO 14050:2009 defines terms of fundamental contains concepts and their definitions related to environmental management. This standard is written in the three official ISO languages (English.
.?? This standard is tailored for an organisation of any size.How to adopt ISO 14000 standards. It is applicable to any organisation that would like to: • Maintain and implement EMS • Be sure that it confirms to stated environmental policy. .
Provides guidance on the development & implementation of ISO EMS 14004 ISO 14000Environmental management : Vocabulary ISO 14001 ISO 14050 ISO 19011 ISO 14010 (general principles of environmental auditing ) ISO 14040 Principles and framework for life cycle assessment (LCA) ISO 14011 (specific guidance on audit an EMS) ISO 14012 (guidance on qualification criteria for environmental auditors and lead auditors) ISO 14020 Labeling issues Environmental Performance Evaluation ISO 14030 .