1

Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
O
O
O
O H
O H
C H
2
O H
C H
2
O H
O
H O
O H
O
O
O
O H
O H
C H
2
O H
2
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Market share of dyestuffs for cellulosic fibers worldwide
Reactive
48%
Direct
19%
Vat
16%
Sulphur
15%
Others
2%
3
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Reactive dyes are the most important
dyeclass for cellulosic fibers
Dyeing auxiliaries
R e a c t i v e
4 8 %
D i r e c t
1 9 %
V a t
1 6 %
Su l p h u r
1 5 %
Ot h e r s
2 %
To obtain a levelled dyeing the

· Demands on dyeing auxiliaries for dyeing with
reactive dyes by the exhaust method
are demonstrated and furthermore
· the most important dyeing parameters are
explained
4
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
The fabric should not contain any disturbing
residual substances
· Demands on pretreated cellulosic fabric
¬ pH neutral - slightly acid
¬ no heavy metal and low alkaline earth metal
content
¬ good absorbency
¬ low content of residual surface active agents

¬no residual peroxide !
5
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Residual products from preparing process
in the reactive dyebath
Safety can be achieved
by using an agent for
peroxide destruction
before the dyeing process
0.1 g/l residual peroxide

0.1 g/l residual hydrosulfite

2.0 g/l MEROPAN BRE

0.5 g/l CHT - CATALASE BF
Original
dyeing
6
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Products for peroxide destruction
Inorganic salts

MEROPAN BRE


_economic process:
saving of water, energy
and time

Enzymes / bio-catalysts

CHT-CATALASE BF
CHT-CATALASE FTS 40

_dyeing in the same bath
_low water consumption
_economic process
_ecological process
no waste water pollution!

7
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Application requirements of MEROPAN BRE
check
pH - and
H
2
O
2

MEROPAN
BRE
If necessary
rinse, refill
reactive
dyeing
process
dye bath destruction of residual peroxide
• bleach
95 °C / 203 °F,
30 min
• cool down to
80 - 90 °C/
176 - 194 °F

bleach bath
> pH 10
Advantage: - one bath-two step bleach possible,
- residues of MEROPAN BRE do not disturb the reactive dyeing process
15 min
8
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Enzymatic destruction of peroxide
´Enzymes are bio-catalysts:
• Catalysts are chemical substances which accelerate reactions
without being used up.
• Enzymes are formed in the living organism. This natural production is
also used in a synthesis way, the enzymes are produced with fungi or
bacteria cultures on large scale.
• Advantage: completely biodegradable!
• Because of their cellular structure
the enzymes have a clear defined surface.
• An enzyme has on the surface an
active centre with an equal complementary centre.
• the enzymes work like a key-lock princip


+
+
enzyme substrate
enzyme-substrate-complexe
enzyme splitting product splitting
9
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Efficiency of catalases
Catalases are enzymes which accelerate the decomposing reaction
from hydrogen peroxide to inactive oxygen and water.










The catalase accelerates the reaction but is not used up and will
be continuously efficient.
The catalase does not have any influence on the dyestuff, therefore it can
be dyed directly without intermediate rinsing process.
H O
O
2

H
2
O
+
CHT-
CATALASE
BF
+
H
2
O
H
O
H O
H
O
10
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
CHT catalase product range
CHT-CATALASE BF CHT-CATALASE FTS 40
thermostable product low temperature/low-price

20 - 60 °C / 68-140°F 20 - 40 °C / 68-104 °F
pH range: 4 - 9 6 - 9
time: ~ 10 min ~ 10 min
0.3 - 0.6 g/l 0.3 - 0.6 g/l

at 20°C / 68°F
1 part CHT-CATALASE BF = 1 part CHT-CATALASE FTS 40
at 40°C / 104°F
1 part CHT-CATALASE BF = 1.5 parts CHT-CATALASE FTS 40
11
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
CHT-CATALASE BF and CHT-CATALASE FTS 40
range of use in comparison
° C °F
40 104
50 122
60 140
70 158
80 176
90 194
pH-value
1 2 8 9 10 11 12 3 4 5 6 7
FTS 40
BF
30 86
20 68
10 50
CHT-CATALASE FTS 40 is cheaper,
but less thermostable
12
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
For optimum efficiency
following conditions are required:

Application requirements:

H
2
O
2
bleach
Rinse
Fresh bath (check pH)
Add catalase
Treat 10 - 15 min at required temperature
Remaining peroxide control, e.g. with Merck
®
test stripes
Dyeing in the same bath
13
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Detection and semiquantitative determination of peroxides
in aqueous solutions with test strips
Analytical test strips from Merck
®
contain peroxidase.
Peroxidase transfers oxygen from the peroxide to an organic redox
indicator, which is then converted to a blue-coloured oxidation
product.
Instructions for use:



Immerse the reaction zone in the solution for 1 sec.
Shake off excess liquid from the strip.
Compare with the colour scale (0.5-25 mg/l H
2
O
2
)after
15 sec.


The appearance of any blue coloration within 3 min
can be interpreted as a positiv reaction.
14
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Determination of residual peroxide on bleached fabric
A drop of TiCl
4
reagent is put on the bleached fabric.
The colour is compared with a scale.
without H
2
O
2
with H
2
O
2

15
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Application amount of peroxide killers
MEROPAN BRE

1 part H
2
O
2
35% = 2 parts MEROPAN BRE
1 kg H
2
O
2
35% 2 kg MEROPAN BRE

CHT-CATALASE BF
1 part H
2
O
2
35% = 0.167 part CHT-CATALASE BF
1 kg H
2
O
2
35% 0.167 kg CHT-CATALASE BF € 0.93
16
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
· Demands on lubricants for
cellulosic fibers
With lubricant
¬ reduces creases on piece
dyeing
¬ prevents cracks and
abrasion marks
¬ reduced textile-to-textile
friction
¬ CHT solution:
BIAVIN - lubricants
17
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
·Demands on lubricants for
cellulosic fibers
The BIAVIN lubricants allow smoothly
running dyeing processes on the
following conditions:

_ heavily loaded jet and overflow dyeing
machines, for delicate, light, but bulky
fabrics
_ for harsh fibers with the tendency to
form cracks
_ for pile fabrics sensitive to abrasion
18
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
CHT - range cellulosic lubricants
application amount
0.1 - 0. 3 g/l
reduces friction of fabric
exhaust onto the fabric with salt
washed off by rinsing
Cell, PES, PA, WO, silk
emulsified fat compound
concentrated product
anionic
BIAVIN 109
application amount
1.0 - 2.0 g/l
viscosity is slightly increased
excellent gliding properties
cellulosics and blends
sulfated fats
anionic
BIAVIN GLM
application amount
1.0 - 2.0 g/l
viscosity is increased
higher liquor pick up
slipping effect
friction is reduced
all sorts of fibers
polymeric amides
universally applicable
no ionic character
BIAVIN BPA
application amount
0.5 - 2.0 g/l
exhaust onto the fabric
remains partially
softer handle
better sewability
cellulosics and
synthetic microfibers with EL
polyethylene emulsion
nonionic
BIAVIN TCC
CHT anticrease agents and lubricants
for cellulosics and blends
19
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Cellulosic articles with elastane
ladd wetting agent
ladd 2 - 3 g/l BIAVIN TCC
lload fabric into the dyeing machine
lfabric must have good and same wetting
properties
lprescour or prebleach
lrinse
ladd dyebath auxiliaries + 1.0-1.5 g/l BIAVIN TCC
lraise dye temperature slowly and cool down
slowly
20
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
· Demand on dyeing levelness
Levelling agent for reactive dyes ?
¬ Levelling agents in the classical meaning
are not available for reactive dyeings.
¬ Reason for this is the reaction of the
reactive dye with the cellulosic fiber.
¬ Migration of already fixed dye molecules
is not possible ! This would be a
chemical miracle.

How does CHT solve this problem ?
21
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
CHT solution
22
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
SARABID LDR = dyebath conditioner
How does SARABID LDR work ?
_ increases the dyestuff solubility and therefore
improves the dye diffusion into the fiber
_ excellent dispersing effect
_ inactivates Ca, Mg in water and on textile
_ prevents dyestuff agglomerations
_ avoids precipitations of all kinds of impurities
brought into the dyebath by fiber or water
_ applicable in cellulosic dyeing with reactive dyes
and CEL/PES blends one-bath dyeing
23
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Dyebath conditioner
special polyacrylate and
dispersing agent
anionic
active content: 26%
stable at HT dyeing conditions
application amount: 1 - 2 g/l
24
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Visualization of a dyebath conditioner ?
¬The efficiency of a dyebath conditioner is
difficult to demonstrate.

¬The following special filter tests show a
combination of dye solubility and
soilings...
25
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Filter test method
Treat 100 % greige cotton
fabric
· LR 1 : 10
· soft water
· 10 °dH (180 ppm CaCO
3
)
· 20 °dH (360 ppm CaCO
3
)
· 30 minutes at 95°C/ 203°F
· cool down to the
recommended dyeing
temperature of the dye
· remove the cotton fabric
In these liquors put
• y g/l SARABID LDR
• 0.1 g/l dyestuff
• 40 g/l Glauber‘s salt
• 5 g/l soda ash
• 2 ml/l NaOH 38°Bé
• treat for 10 minutes at the
recommended dyeing
temperature
• filtrate

¬judge the filters visually
26
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Filter test at 80 °C / 176 °F with 0.1 g/l C.I. Reactive Yellow 138
0 °dH
0 ppm
10 °dH
180 ppm
20 °dH
360 ppm CaCO
3
without auxiliary
2 g/l SARABID LDR
Benefit ¬ prevents dyestuff agglomerations
27
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
0 °dH
0 ppm
10 °dH
180 ppm
20 °dH
360 ppm CaCO
3
without auxiliary
2 g/l SARABID LDR
Filter test at 60 °C / 140 °F with 0.1 g/l C.I. Reactive Red 106
Benefit ¬ increase of dyestuff solubility
28
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Filter test at 80 °C / 176 °F with 0.1 g/l C.I. Reactive Blue 160
0 °dH
0 ppm
10 °dH
180 ppm
20 °dH
360 ppm CaCO
3
without auxiliary
2 g/l SARABID LDR
Benefit ¬ good dispersing properties
29
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Filter test at 80 °C / 176 °F with 0.1 g/l C.I. Reactive Blue 71
0 °dH
0 ppm
10 °dH
180 ppm
20 °dH
360 ppm CaCO
3
without auxiliary
2 g/l SARABID LDR
Benefit ¬ increase of dye solubility
30
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Filter test at 60 °C / 140 °F 10 °dH with 1 g/l C.I. Reactive Blue 21
Dyestuff with
0.1 g/l FELOSAN RG-N
Dyestuff with
0.1 g/l FELOSAN RG-N
2 g/l SARABID LDR
Residues of nonionic detergents from pretreatment can cause problems with dye solubility.
The solution is the addition of SARABID LDR into the dyebath.
+
31
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
SARABID LDR = dyebath conditioner
Excellent levelling behaviour
for reactive dyes
Increase
of dye
solubility
Good dispersing and
sequestering capacity
32
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
· Demand on end-use
¬ excellent rinse
to remove electrolyte, alkali, residual dyes

¬ wash off
to release and outward diffusion of dye hydrolysates

¬ cationic fixation
to reach the fastness level
Excellent durability of reactive dyed goods can
only be obtained if the fabrics are treated after the
dyeing process in the following way:
33
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
· Demand on a washing agent for reactive dyes
_ good washing off behaviour of reactive dyes
_ speed in washing off
_ blocks renewed uptake of the dye hydrolysate
from the washing liquor
_ good calcium binding and dispersing behaviour
_ no effect on shade
_ no impairment of light fastness
_ good ecological features
_ maximum end use fastness properties
34
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Influence on washing performance
_ Dyestuff character and fixation grade of the dye
_ electrolyte content in the soaping bath
_ water quality
_ pH - value
_ temperature and time
_ liquor ratio
_ mechanical effect of the machinery equipment
_ number of soaping baths
_ chemical character of the washing agent
35
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Technical performance of our CHT range of soaping agents
for reactive dyeings
COTOBLANC NSR
mixture of organ. & inorganic
compounds, free of tenside
22 %
100 %, powder
anionic
add into hot water and stir
0.2 - 0.5 g/l
© state-of-the-art product
© best wash off efficiency of
reactive dyeings in soft water <
10°dH, high dyestuff affinity
© safes wash baths
® poor solubility: 70 g/l at 25°C/77°F
® not recommended for
continuous washing machines
® with hard water risk of filtrations on
X-bobbins (precipitations with
insoluble Ca-salts)
® only for reactive dyeings


Chem. character

P - content
Active
content
Ionic character
Dissolving
Application amount
Product features

MEROPAN DPE
modified polyacrylate &
phosphonates
1,5 %
32 %, liquid
anionic
in each ratio with water soluble
1.0 - 2.0 g/l

© excellent soaping behaviour in
hard water because of good
sequestering properties
© good dispersing properties
© universal product for cellulosics:
suitable as sequestering and
soaping agent for reactive, vat,
sulphur dyes...
36
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Technical performance of our CHT range of soaping agents
for reactive dyeings
COTOBLANC CSL
sodium salt of a modified
polycarbonic acid
-
20 %, liquid, non foaming
anionic
in each ratio with water soluble
1 - 3 g/l
© washing agent for reactive
dyeings
© good soaping efficiency in hard
water with 3 g/l
© suitable for application in
batchwise and continuous ranges



Chem. character

P - content
Active
content
Ionic character
Dissolving
Application amount
Product features

COTOBLANC KRS
mix of polyacrylate + modified
phosphonates
0.62 %
24 %, liquid
anionic
in each ratio with water soluble
1- 3 g/l
© soaping agent for reactive and
vat dyeings
© good washing behaviour
© designed for continuous
wash off processes
37
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Classification of CHT - soaping agents
1. COTOBLANC NSR

2. MEROPAN DPE

3. COTOBLANC CSL

4. COTOBLANC KRS


¬Best soaping performance

¬Universal dyeing auxiliary

¬Cheap product,P-free

¬Continuous wash off
processes
38
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Washing off procedure with COTOBLANC NSR

CO Single Jersey, prebleached
Thies-Roto Stream
®
LR 1 : 10
Dyeing recipe:
3.0 % Drimaren Turquoise X-B
0.5 % Drimaren Brill.Green X-3G

95°C 70°C 50°C 20°C
203°F 158°F 122°F 68°F
57
25
14
3,50
2
0,1
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
%

w
a
s
h

o
f
f

d
y
e

c
o
n
t
e
n
t
70°C 70°C 95°C 70°C 50°C 20°C
10 min each
wash off performance of COTOBLANC NSR
95°C 70°C 70°C 70°C 50°C 20°C
203°F 158°F 158°F 158°F 122°F 68°F
COTOBLANC NSR
Conventional anionic surfactant
Benefit¬
reduced rinsing bath after soaping
39
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Determination of the washing off behaviour
Special washing test method to evaluate the removal of reactive
dye hydrolysate from the fiber

Step 1. Hydrolyse reactive dyestuff with alkali
Step 2. Pad the hydrolysed dye solution with hardness on 100 %
cotton fabric under defined conditions = basic fabric

Step 3. Wash test
Treat the basic fabric with white cotton adjacent
fabric in ratio 1 : 1
Soap with x g/l washing agent
LR 1 : 20, 98°C / 212°F, 2 x 15 min

¬ judge the basic fabric and
the soiling onto the adjacent fabrics
40
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Determination of the washing off behaviour
Special test method of washing agents for the removal of
reactive dyestuff hydrolysate
Basic fabric
2 x
soaped fabric
adjacent
fabric 1
adjacent
fabric 2

10 °dH

without
auxiliary

0.25 g/l
COTOBLANC NSR


0.5 g/l
COTOBLANC NSR
41
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Determination of the washing off behaviour
Without soaping agent
0.25 g/l COTOBLANC NSR
1.0 g/l MEROPAN DPE
1.0 g/l COTOBLANC KRS
1 2 3 4
10°dH
1 = padded fabric
2 = padded fabric
soaped 2 x
3 = staining on
adjacent CO
soaped 1x

4 = staining on
adjacent CO
soaped 2x
42
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
· Demand on the end use of a reactive dyeing
Where wet fastness is
of critical importance



is recommended
as an extra insurance and
an essential operation
cationic aftertreatment
43
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Demand on an ideal cationic fixing agent
_ improvement of the wash and contact fastnesses
_ prevents migration during drying
_ protects dye / fiber bound of reactive dyes against hydrolysis
and thermocracking
_ broad application range for different dye classes and fibers
_ no influence on shade and on light fastness
_ no adverse effect on handle
_ no impairment of the sewability
_ no deterioration of rewettability
_ formaldehyde and heavy metal free
_ for application on all kind of machines
_ low price
44
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
REWIN MRT
Polyammonium compound

^ excellent improvement of contact fastnesses
^ no shade change
^ no deterioration of light fastness
^ prevention of hydrolysis
^ no influence on the handle and the re-wettability
^ free of formaldehyde

- no or only minimum improvement of the wash fastness

¬application : 2 - 3 %
45
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Fastness improvement with REWIN MRT
CO CV
without fixative

2 % REWIN MRT

3 % REWIN MRT
CO WO
Wash fastness 60°C EN ISO 105 - C06 - C2S Water fastness EN ISO 105 - E01
4 % Levafix Scarlet E-2GA
without fixative

2 % REWIN MRT

3 % REWIN MRT
46
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
REWIN MRT
0
1
2
3
4
5
Wash fastness 40 °C/104 °F
Wash fastness 60 °C/140 °F
Contact/wet fastness
Reactive dyes
Direct dyes
Stripping behaviour and
redyeability
Shade change
Product costs at saturation
47
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
REWIN ACP
Polyammonium compound, copolymer
^ good allround product, mainly on reactive dyeings
^ excellent wash fastness levels
^ copolymer = good improvement of washing fastnesses of reactive dyeings
^ good contact fastnesses
^ no deterioration of the light fastness
^ no or only small shade changes
^ no influence on the handle and the re-wettability
^ free of formaldehyde
^ recommended for discontinuous application

- in pad application dye hydrolysate spots can occur if the reactive dyeings
are not rinsed and washed off satisfactioned
¬ application: 2 - 3 %
48
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Fastness improvement with REWIN ACP
Wash fastness 60°C EN ISO 105 - C06 - C2S


without fixative

2 % REWIN ACP
CO WO
Water fastness EN ISO 105 - E01


without fixative

2 % REWIN ACP
4 % Bezaktiv Red HE-3B
CA CO PA PES PAN WO
49
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
REWIN ACP
0
1
2
3
4
5
Wash fastness 40 °C/104 °F
Wash fastness 60 °C/ 140°F
Contact/wet fastness
Reactive dyes
Direct dyes
Stripping behaviour and
redyeability
Shade change
Product costs at saturation
50
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
REWIN TN
Polyalkylene polyamine
^ best improvement of washing fastnesses of direct and reactive
dyeings
^ excellent improvement of wet/contact fastnesses
^ protection of hydrolysis and migration
^ suitable for exhaust and pad application
^ no influence on the handle and the re-wettability
^ free of formaldehyde and heavy metal

- no or only small influence on the light fastness possible
- sometimes shade change depending on dyestuff

¬application: 2 - 3 %
51
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Fastness improvement with REWIN TN
Wash fastness 40°C EN ISO 105 - C06 - A1S Water fastness EN ISO 105 - E01
2 % Solophenyl Blue BFF
without fixative

2 % REWIN TN

2 % REWIN ST
without fixative

2 % REWIN TN

2% REWIN ST
CO CV CO WO
52
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
REWIN TN
0
1
2
3
4
5
Wash fastness 40 °C/ 104 °F
Wash fastness 60 °C/140 °F
Contact/wet fastness
Reactive dyes
Direct dyes
Stripping behaviour and
redyeability
Shade change
Product costs at saturation
53
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
REWIN DWR
Reactive polyammonium compound
^ wash fastness improvement of critical reactive
turquoise and green dyeings
^ good wet fastness properties
^ excellent protection of hydrolysis and
thermocracking
^ no or only minimum shade change

- high application amount of 4 - 6 %
- difficult application: pH 7.5 - 8 %, 40 - 50°C/ 104-122°F
- difficult stripping behaviour and redyeability


54
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
REWIN DWR
0
1
2
3
4
5
Wash fastness 40 °C/ 104 °F
Wash fastness 60°C/140°F
Contact/wet fastness
Reactive dyes
Direct dyes
Stripping behaviour and
redyeability
Shade change
Product costs at saturation
55
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
REWIN OS
Special polyammonium compound with
reactive groups to improve wash and wet
fastness level of selected direct dyeings

¬ application by exhaust method:

3.0 - 3.5 % REWIN OS
2 ml/l NaOH 38 ° Bé

treat 20 - 30 mins at 40°C / 104°F
rinse well and neutralise
56
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Wash fastness improvement with REWIN OS
Dyeing ( 1 %), 40 °C / 104 °F wash test, grade 4 can be reached:
Tubantin yellow GR
Tubantin orange GGLN 200 %
Tubantin pink 2 B
Tubantin red F 3 B conc.
Tubantin bordeaux 2 BL conc.
Tubantin rubine 5 B
Tubantin violet BL 200 %
Tubantin blue BRR h.c.
Tubantin blue GLL 300 %
Tubantin green 5 GL conc.
Tubantin brown GGL
Tubantin brown BL
Tubantin grey CGLL
57
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Fastness improvement with REWIN OS
CO WO
Wash fastness 40°C EN ISO 105-C06 - A1S


without fixative

3.5 % REWIN OS
Water fastness EN ISO 105 - E01

without fixative

3.5 % REWIN OS
CO WO
1.0 Tubantin orange GGLN 200%
58
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Overview of various/important REWIN fixatives
REWIN application field improvement of
saturation
limit in %
reactive direct package continuous contact
fastness
wash
fastness
ACP
(DD)
2.0 – 3.0
(1.0 –1.5)
+ (+) + (+) + +
DWR 4.0 – 6.0 + - + - + +
MRT 3.0 – 3.5 + + + + + -
TN 2.0 – 3.0 + + + + + +
+ well suitable
(+) suitable to a certain extent
- not suitable
59
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Dyeing process guideline
for reactive hot dyes on jet
Dyeing recipe
0.1 - 0.3 g/l BIAVIN 109 or
1.0 - 2.0 g/l BIAVIN BPA / TCC
1.0 - 2.0 g/l SARABID LDR
x % reactive dye
y g/l salt
z g/l alkali (NaCO
3
/NaOH)
Wash off
0.2 - 0.5 g/l COTOBLANC NSR
or
1.0 - 2.0 g/l MEROPAN DPE
or
1.0 - 3.0 g/l COTOBLANC CSL
or
1.0 - 3.0 g/l COTOBLANC KRS
Cationic fixing

2.0 - 3.0 % REWIN ACP
or
2.0 - 2.5 % REWIN TN
or ...
0
20
40
60
80
100
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320
add auxiliaries
add dye
add salt
add alkali
add wash auxiliary add
fixative
212
176
140
104
68
°C °F
60
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Dyeing auxiliaries for cellulosic fibers


Further products ...
61
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Faulty dyeings
1 If a cationic aftertreated cellulosic
dyeing (e.g. direct dyeing, reactive
dyeing, sulphur...) has to be redyed
because of spots, unlevelness,
shade...

¬ the cationic fixing agent has to be
removed / stripped in the first step
62
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Stripping/Masking of cationic fixatives
5 g/l CHT-DISPERGATOR SMS

x ml/l acetic acid 60 % (pH 4.0 - 4.5)
30 mins at 98°C / 212 °F
rinse well
repeat the treatment
63
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
CHT-DISPERGATOR SMS
_ amine salt of naphthalene sulphonic acid
_ anionic
_ liquid
_ easy handling
_ foamfree
_ universally applicable dispersing agent
_ levelling agent
_ special stripping agent
¬application: 1 - 5 g/l
(according to application procedure)
64
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
Faulty dyeings
2 Dyed fabrics in rope form with fiber
fluff, pillings, abrasion spots,
fibrillation...



¬ Bio - polish treatment
Surface treatment
65
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
BEIZYM UL - Surface treatment agent
Cellulase with broad application spectrum

Chemical Character : Special cellulase blend, non ionic

Properties : - removal of fiber fluff, abrasion spots and pillings
- defibrillation of Lyocell fibers
- improvement of the handle
- useful for enzymatic stone wash of jeans
- small influence on tensile strength
66
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
BEIZYM UL - Surface treatment agent
• Application recommendation
• Machine equipment: jet, overflow, tumbler
• Fibers: all cellulosic fibers
¬Application amount: 0.5 - 1.5 % BEIZYM UL
(depending on effect)
• Liquor ratio: 1 : 5 - 1 : 20
• Temperature: 45 - 55°C / 113 - 131 °F
• pH value: 4.5 - 5.5 (adjust before enzyme
addition, mainly with acetic acid and
sodium acetate)
• Time: 20 - 60 min (depending on effect)

Enzyme stop: increase pH with soda ash up to 9 or
temperature increase to
85 - 90°C / 185 - 194°F
67
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
BEIZYM UL - Surface treatment agent
Bio - polish with BEIZYM UL
basic fabric with pills 1.0 % BEIZYM UL
68
Dyeing Department Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret
For further questions
Just contact us !

Market share of dyestuffs for cellulosic fibers worldwide

Sulphur 15%

Others 2% Reactive 48%

Vat 16% Direct 19%

Dyeing Department

Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02

Susanne Ehret

2

Su l p h u r 15%

Ot her s 2% Reacti ve 48%

V at 16% Di r ect 19%

Dyeing auxiliaries

Reactive dyes are the most important dyeclass for cellulosic fibers
To obtain a levelled dyeing the

 

Demands on dyeing auxiliaries for dyeing with reactive dyes by the exhaust method are demonstrated and furthermore the most important dyeing parameters are explained
Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02
Susanne Ehret

Dyeing Department

3

03.07. 02 Susanne Ehret 4 .slightly acid  no heavy metal and low alkaline earth metal content  good absorbency  low content of residual surface active agents  no residual peroxide ! Dyeing Department Technical Weeks . Demands on pretreated cellulosic fabric The fabric should not contain any disturbing residual substances  pH neutral .

07.1 g/l residual hydrosulfite 2.1 g/l residual peroxide 0.Residual products from preparing process in the reactive dyebath Original dyeing 0.03. 02 Susanne Ehret 5 .CATALASE BF Safety can be achieved by using an agent for peroxide destruction before the dyeing process Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .5 g/l CHT .0 g/l MEROPAN BRE 0.

02 Susanne Ehret 6 .Products for peroxide destruction Inorganic salts MEROPAN BRE Enzymes / bio-catalysts CHT-CATALASE BF CHT-CATALASE FTS 40 economic process: saving of water.03. energy and time dyeing in the same bath low water consumption economic process ecological process no waste water pollution! Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .07.

90 °C/ 176 .residues of MEROPAN BRE do not disturb the reactive dyeing process bleach bath • bleach 95 °C / 203 °F. refill check pH . 02 Susanne Ehret 7 .and H2O2 Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .07.194 °F reactive dyeing process If necessary rinse.Application requirements of MEROPAN BRE Advantage: .one bath-two step bleach possible. . 30 min destruction of residual peroxide dye bath MEROPAN BRE > pH 10 15 min • cool down to 80 .03.

• the enzymes work like a key-lock princip + enzyme substrate enzyme-substrate-complexe + enzyme splitting product splitting Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .03. • Advantage: completely biodegradable! • Because of their cellular structure the enzymes have a clear defined surface. This natural production is also used in a synthesis way. 02 Susanne Ehret 8 .07. • Enzymes are formed in the living organism. • An enzyme has on the surface an active centre with an equal complementary centre.Enzymatic destruction of peroxide Enzymes are bio-catalysts: • Catalysts are chemical substances which accelerate reactions without being used up. the enzymes are produced with fungi or bacteria cultures on large scale.

Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .07. The catalase does not have any influence on the dyestuff. therefore it can be dyed directly without intermediate rinsing process. 02 Susanne Ehret 9 .Efficiency of catalases Catalases are enzymes which accelerate the decomposing reaction from hydrogen peroxide to inactive oxygen and water. O H O O H H O H + CHTCATALASE BF H2O H2O O2 + The catalase accelerates the reaction but is not used up and will be continuously efficient.03.

3 .6 g/l at 20°C / 68°F 1 part CHT-CATALASE BF at 40°C / 104°F 1 part CHT-CATALASE BF Dyeing Department CHT-CATALASE FTS 40 low temperature/low-price 20 .6 g/l = 1 part CHT-CATALASE FTS 40 = 1.9 time: ~ 10 min 0. 02 10 .40 °C / 68-104 °F 6-9 ~ 10 min 0.07.CHT catalase product range CHT-CATALASE BF thermostable product 20 .3 .0.03.60 °C / 68-140°F pH range: 4 .0.5 parts CHT-CATALASE FTS 40 Susanne Ehret Technical Weeks .

CHT-CATALASE BF and CHT-CATALASE FTS 40 range of use in comparison °C 90 °F 194 80 70 60 50 176 158 140 122 BF CHT-CATALASE FTS 40 is cheaper.03. FTS 40 but less thermostable 40 30 20 10 104 86 68 50 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 pH-value Dyeing Department Technical Weeks . 02 Susanne Ehret 11 .07.

g.15 min at required temperature Remaining peroxide control. e. 02 Susanne Ehret 12 .03. with Merck® test stripes Dyeing in the same bath Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .For optimum efficiency following conditions are required: Application requirements: H2O2 bleach Rinse Fresh bath (check pH) Add catalase Treat 10 .07.

The appearance of any blue coloration within 3 min can be interpreted as a positiv reaction.Detection and semiquantitative determination of peroxides in aqueous solutions with test strips Analytical test strips from Merck® contain peroxidase. Shake off excess liquid from the strip. Dyeing Department Technical Weeks . which is then converted to a blue-coloured oxidation product. Compare with the colour scale (0.03. Instructions for use: Immerse the reaction zone in the solution for 1 sec.5-25 mg/l H2O2)after 15 sec. Peroxidase transfers oxygen from the peroxide to an organic redox indicator. 02 Susanne Ehret 13 .07.

02 Susanne Ehret 14 .07. without H2O2 with H2O2 Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .03.Determination of residual peroxide on bleached fabric A drop of TiCl4 reagent is put on the bleached fabric. The colour is compared with a scale.

Application amount of peroxide killers MEROPAN BRE 1 part H2O2 35% 1 kg H2O2 35% = 2 parts MEROPAN BRE 2 kg MEROPAN BRE CHT-CATALASE BF 1 part H2O2 35% 1 kg H2O2 35% = 0.07.03. 02 Susanne Ehret 15 .167 part CHT-CATALASE BF 0.93 Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .167 kg CHT-CATALASE BF € 0.

 Demands on lubricants for cellulosic fibers With lubricant  reduces creases on piece dyeing  prevents cracks and abrasion marks  reduced textile-to-textile friction  CHT solution: BIAVIN .03.lubricants Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .07. 02 Susanne Ehret 16 .

for delicate. 02 Susanne Ehret 17 .Demands on lubricants for cellulosic fibers The BIAVIN lubricants allow smoothly running dyeing processes on the following conditions:  heavily loaded jet and overflow dyeing machines.03. light. but bulky fabrics  for harsh fibers with the tendency to form cracks  for pile fabrics sensitive to abrasion Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .07.

range cellulosic lubricants CHT anticrease agents and lubricants for cellulosics and blends BIAVIN 109 emulsified fat compound concentrated product anionic Cell. PES.2.2. 02 Susanne Ehret 18 .2. 3 g/l application amount 1.0 g/l reduces friction of fabric exhaust onto the fabric with salt viscosity is slightly increased excellent gliding properties washed off by rinsing viscosity is increased higher liquor pick up slipping effect friction is reduced application amount 1.CHT .1 .0.5 .0 g/l Dyeing Department Technical Weeks . PA.0 .03. WO. silk BIAVIN GLM sulfated fats anionic cellulosics and blends BIAVIN BPA polymeric amides universally applicable no ionic character all sorts of fibers BIAVIN TCC polyethylene emulsion nonionic cellulosics and synthetic microfibers with EL exhaust onto the fabric remains partially softer handle better sewability application amount 0.07.0 .0 g/l application amount 0.

5 g/l BIAVIN TCC raise dye temperature slowly and cool down slowly Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .3 g/l BIAVIN TCC load fabric into the dyeing machine fabric must have good and same wetting properties prescour or prebleach rinse add dyebath auxiliaries + 1. 02 Susanne Ehret 19 .0-1.03.07.Cellulosic articles with elastane add wetting agent add 2 .

03.  Reason for this is the reaction of the reactive dye with the cellulosic fiber.07. 02 Susanne Ehret 20 . Demand on dyeing levelness Levelling agent for reactive dyes ?  Levelling agents in the classical meaning are not available for reactive dyeings.  Migration of already fixed dye molecules is not possible ! This would be a chemical miracle. How does CHT solve this problem ? Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .

03.CHT solution Dyeing Department Technical Weeks . 02 Susanne Ehret 21 .07.

How does SARABID LDR work ?  increases the dyestuff solubility and therefore improves the dye diffusion into the fiber  excellent dispersing effect  inactivates Ca.07.03. 02 Susanne Ehret 22 . Mg in water and on textile  prevents dyestuff agglomerations  avoids precipitations of all kinds of impurities brought into the dyebath by fiber or water  applicable in cellulosic dyeing with reactive dyes and CEL/PES blends one-bath dyeing SARABID LDR = dyebath conditioner Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .

2 g/l Dyeing Department Technical Weeks . 02 Susanne Ehret 23 .Dyebath conditioner special polyacrylate and dispersing agent anionic active content: 26% stable at HT dyeing conditions application amount: 1 .03.07.

The following special filter tests show a combination of dye solubility and soilings..03. 02 Susanne Ehret 24 .Visualization of a dyebath conditioner ? The efficiency of a dyebath conditioner is difficult to demonstrate..07. Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .

07. 02 Susanne Ehret 25 .03.Filter test method Treat 100 % greige cotton fabric LR 1 : 10 soft water 10 °dH (180 ppm CaCO3) 20 °dH (360 ppm CaCO3) 30 minutes at 95°C/ 203°F cool down to the recommended dyeing temperature of the dye remove the cotton fabric • • • • • •       • In these liquors put y g/l SARABID LDR 0.1 g/l dyestuff 40 g/l Glauber‘s salt 5 g/l soda ash 2 ml/l NaOH 38°Bé treat for 10 minutes at the recommended dyeing temperature filtrate   judge the filters visually Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .

07.I. Reactive Yellow 138 0 °dH 0 ppm 10 °dH 180 ppm 20 °dH 360 ppm CaCO3 without auxiliary 2 g/l SARABID LDR Benefit  prevents dyestuff agglomerations Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .Filter test at 80 °C / 176 °F with 0.03. 02 Susanne Ehret 26 .1 g/l C.

1 g/l C.03.Filter test at 60 °C / 140 °F with 0.07. Reactive Red 106 0 °dH 0 ppm 10 °dH 180 ppm 20 °dH 360 ppm CaCO3 without auxiliary 2 g/l SARABID LDR Benefit  increase of dyestuff solubility Dyeing Department Technical Weeks . 02 Susanne Ehret 27 .I.

I. Reactive Blue 160 0 °dH 0 ppm 10 °dH 180 ppm 20 °dH 360 ppm CaCO3 without auxiliary 2 g/l SARABID LDR Benefit  good dispersing properties Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .1 g/l C. 02 Susanne Ehret 28 .03.07.Filter test at 80 °C / 176 °F with 0.

07. 02 Susanne Ehret 29 .1 g/l C. Reactive Blue 71 0 °dH 0 ppm 10 °dH 180 ppm 20 °dH 360 ppm CaCO3 without auxiliary 2 g/l SARABID LDR Benefit  increase of dye solubility Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .I.Filter test at 80 °C / 176 °F with 0.03.

Dyestuff with 0.1 g/l FELOSAN RG-N + Dyeing Department 2 g/l SARABID LDR Susanne Ehret Technical Weeks .03. The solution is the addition of SARABID LDR into the dyebath.Filter test at 60 °C / 140 °F 10 °dH with 1 g/l C.I. 02 30 .1 g/l FELOSAN RG-N Dyestuff with 0. Reactive Blue 21 Residues of nonionic detergents from pretreatment can cause problems with dye solubility.07.

07.SARABID LDR = dyebath conditioner Excellent levelling behaviour for reactive dyes Increase of dye solubility Good dispersing and sequestering capacity Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .03. 02 Susanne Ehret 31 .

residual dyes wash off to release and outward diffusion of dye hydrolysates cationic fixation to reach the fastness level Technical Weeks .03. 02 Susanne Ehret Dyeing Department 32 . Demand on end-use Excellent durability of reactive dyed goods can only be obtained if the fabrics are treated after the dyeing process in the following way:    excellent rinse to remove electrolyte.07. alkali.

 Demand on a washing agent for reactive dyes  good washing off behaviour of reactive dyes  speed in washing off  blocks renewed uptake of the dye hydrolysate from the washing liquor  good calcium binding and dispersing behaviour  no effect on shade  no impairment of light fastness  good ecological features  maximum end use fastness properties Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .07.03. 02 Susanne Ehret 33 .

02 34 Susanne Ehret .value temperature and time liquor ratio mechanical effect of the machinery equipment number of soaping baths  chemical character of the washing agent Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .03.Influence on washing performance         Dyestuff character and fixation grade of the dye electrolyte content in the soaping bath water quality pH .07.

Technical performance of our CHT range of soaping agents for reactive dyeings COTOBLANC NSR Chem.03. character mixture of organ.2 .0.2. 02 Susanne Ehret 35 . free of tenside P .0 .5 g/l Application amount  state-of-the-art product Product features  best wash off efficiency of reactive dyeings in soft water < 10°dH. vat.content 22 % Active 100 %. high dyestuff affinity  safes wash baths  poor solubility: 70 g/l at 25°C/77°F  not recommended for continuous washing machines  with hard water risk of filtrations on X-bobbins (precipitations with insoluble Ca-salts)  only for reactive dyeings MEROPAN DPE modified polyacrylate & phosphonates 1. powder content anionic Ionic character add into hot water and stir Dissolving 0..5 % 32 %. sulphur dyes.07.0 g/l  excellent soaping behaviour in hard water because of good sequestering properties  good dispersing properties  universal product for cellulosics: suitable as sequestering and soaping agent for reactive. liquid anionic in each ratio with water soluble 1.. & inorganic compounds. Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .

3 g/l Application amount  washing agent for reactive Product features dyeings  good soaping efficiency in hard water with 3 g/l  suitable for application in batchwise and continuous ranges Chem. 02 Susanne Ehret 36 . liquid.content Active 20 %. non foaming content anionic Ionic character in each ratio with water soluble Dissolving 1 .3 g/l  soaping agent for reactive and vat dyeings  good washing behaviour  designed for continuous wash off processes Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .03.07. liquid anionic in each ratio with water soluble 1.Technical performance of our CHT range of soaping agents for reactive dyeings COTOBLANC CSL sodium salt of a modified polycarbonic acid P .62 % 24 %. character COTOBLANC KRS mix of polyacrylate + modified phosphonates 0.

COTOBLANC CSL 4.P-free Continuous wash off processes Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .soaping agents 1. 02 Susanne Ehret 37 .03.07. COTOBLANC NSR 2.Classification of CHT . MEROPAN DPE Best soaping performance Universal dyeing auxiliary 3. COTOBLANC KRS Cheap product.

03.0 % Drimaren Turquoise X-B 0. prebleached Thies-Roto Stream® LR 1 : 10 Dyeing recipe: 3.Green X-3G Conventional anionic surfactant 95°C 70°C 70°C 70°C 50°C 20°C 203°F 158°F 158°F 158°F 122°F 68°F wash off performance of COTOBLANC NSR 60 57 % wash off dye content 50 40 30 20 10 0 70°C 70°C 95°C 70°C 50°C 10 min each 25 14 3. 02 .50 2 0.07.1 COTOBLANC NSR Benefit reduced rinsing bath after soaping 20°C 95°C 70°C 50°C 203°F 158°F 122°F Susanne Ehret 20°C 68°F 38 Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .5 % Drimaren Brill.Washing off procedure with COTOBLANC NSR CO Single Jersey.

2 x 15 min  judge the basic fabric and the soiling onto the adjacent fabrics Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .03.07. Pad the hydrolysed dye solution with hardness on 100 % cotton fabric under defined conditions = basic fabric Step 3. 02 Susanne Ehret 39 .Determination of the washing off behaviour Special washing test method to evaluate the removal of reactive dye hydrolysate from the fiber Step 1. Wash test Treat the basic fabric with white cotton adjacent fabric in ratio 1 : 1 Soap with x g/l washing agent LR 1 : 20. 98°C / 212°F. Hydrolyse reactive dyestuff with alkali Step 2.

02 Susanne Ehret 40 .25 g/l COTOBLANC NSR 0.Determination of the washing off behaviour Special test method of washing agents for the removal of reactive dyestuff hydrolysate 2x soaped fabric adjacent fabric 1 adjacent fabric 2 Basic fabric 10 °dH without auxiliary 0.07.5 g/l COTOBLANC NSR Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .03.

03.25 g/l COTOBLANC NSR 3 = staining on adjacent CO soaped 1x 4 = staining on adjacent CO soaped 2x 1.0 g/l MEROPAN DPE 1. 02 Susanne Ehret 41 .Determination of the washing off behaviour 1 Without soaping agent 2 3 4 10°dH 1 = padded fabric 2 = padded fabric soaped 2 x 0.07.0 g/l COTOBLANC KRS Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .

07. Demand on the end use of a reactive dyeing Where wet fastness is of critical importance cationic aftertreatment is recommended as an extra insurance and an essential operation Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .03. 02 42 Susanne Ehret .

03.07.Demand on an ideal cationic fixing agent            improvement of the wash and contact fastnesses prevents migration during drying protects dye / fiber bound of reactive dyes against hydrolysis and thermocracking broad application range for different dye classes and fibers no influence on shade and on light fastness no adverse effect on handle no impairment of the sewability no deterioration of rewettability formaldehyde and heavy metal free for application on all kind of machines low price 43 Dyeing Department Technical Weeks . 02 Susanne Ehret .

REWIN MRT Polyammonium compound       excellent improvement of contact fastnesses no shade change no deterioration of light fastness prevention of hydrolysis no influence on the handle and the re-wettability free of formaldehyde  no or only minimum improvement of the wash fastness application : 2 .07. 02 Susanne Ehret 44 .03.3 % Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .

C06 . 02 Susanne Ehret 45 .07.Fastness improvement with REWIN MRT 4 % Levafix Scarlet E-2GA Wash fastness 60°C EN ISO 105 .C2S CO CV without fixative Water fastness EN ISO 105 .03.E01 CO WO without fixative 2 % REWIN MRT 2 % REWIN MRT 3 % REWIN MRT 3 % REWIN MRT Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .

REWIN MRT Wash fastness 40 °C/104 °F 5 4 Wash fastness 60 °C/140 °F 3 2 1 Contact/wet fastness 0 Product costs at saturation Shade change Stripping behaviour and redyeability Direct dyes Reactive dyes Dyeing Department Technical Weeks . 02 Susanne Ehret 46 .07.03.

mainly on reactive dyeings excellent wash fastness levels copolymer = good improvement of washing fastnesses of reactive dyeings good contact fastnesses no deterioration of the light fastness no or only small shade changes no influence on the handle and the re-wettability free of formaldehyde recommended for discontinuous application        in pad application dye hydrolysate spots can occur if the reactive dyeings are not rinsed and washed off satisfactioned application: 2 .REWIN ACP Polyammonium compound.03. 02 Susanne Ehret Dyeing Department 47 .3 % Technical Weeks .07. copolymer     good allround product.

07.Fastness improvement with REWIN ACP 4 % Bezaktiv Red HE-3B Wash fastness 60°C EN ISO 105 .C06 . 02 Susanne Ehret 48 .E01 CO WO without fixative 2 % REWIN ACP Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .C2S CA CO PA PES PAN WO without fixative 2 % REWIN ACP Water fastness EN ISO 105 .03.

02 Susanne Ehret 49 .07.03.REWIN ACP Wash fastness 40 °C/104 °F 5 4 Product costs at saturation Wash fastness 60 °C/ 140°F 3 2 1 Shade change Contact/wet fastness 0 Stripping behaviour and redyeability Direct dyes Reactive dyes Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .

3 % Dyeing Department Technical Weeks . 02 Susanne Ehret 50 .03.REWIN TN Polyalkylene polyamine  best improvement of washing fastnesses of direct and reactive dyeings  excellent improvement of wet/contact fastnesses  protection of hydrolysis and migration  suitable for exhaust and pad application  no influence on the handle and the re-wettability  free of formaldehyde and heavy metal  no or only small influence on the light fastness possible  sometimes shade change depending on dyestuff  application: 2 .07.

E01 CO without fixative CV without fixative CO WO 2 % REWIN TN 2 % REWIN TN 2% REWIN ST 2 % REWIN ST Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .03.Fastness improvement with REWIN TN 2 % Solophenyl Blue BFF Wash fastness 40°C EN ISO 105 .C06 .A1S Water fastness EN ISO 105 .07. 02 Susanne Ehret 51 .

03.REWIN TN Wash fastness 40 °C/ 104 °F 5 4 Product costs at saturation Wash fastness 60 °C/140 °F 3 2 1 Shade change Contact/wet fastness 0 Stripping behaviour and redyeability Direct dyes Reactive dyes Dyeing Department Technical Weeks . 02 Susanne Ehret 52 .07.

8 %. 40 . 02 Susanne Ehret 53 .07.03.6 %  difficult application: pH 7.5 .50°C/ 104-122°F  difficult stripping behaviour and redyeability Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .REWIN DWR Reactive polyammonium compound  wash fastness improvement of critical reactive turquoise and green dyeings  good wet fastness properties  excellent protection of hydrolysis and thermocracking  no or only minimum shade change  high application amount of 4 .

REWIN DWR
Wash fastness 40 °C/ 104 °F 5 4 Product costs at saturation Wash fastness 60°C/140°F 3 2 1 Shade change Contact/wet fastness 0

Stripping behaviour and redyeability Direct dyes

Reactive dyes

Dyeing Department

Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02

Susanne Ehret

54

REWIN OS
Special polyammonium compound with reactive groups to improve wash and wet fastness level of selected direct dyeings

 application by exhaust method:
3.0 - 3.5 % REWIN OS 2 ml/l NaOH 38 ° Bé treat 20 - 30 mins at 40°C / 104°F rinse well and neutralise
Dyeing Department
Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02
Susanne Ehret

55

Wash fastness improvement with REWIN OS
Dyeing ( 1 %), 40 °C / 104 °F wash test, grade 4 can be reached:

Tubantin yellow GR Tubantin orange GGLN 200 % Tubantin pink 2 B Tubantin red F 3 B conc. Tubantin bordeaux 2 BL conc. Tubantin rubine 5 B Tubantin violet BL 200 % Tubantin blue BRR h.c. Tubantin blue GLL 300 % Tubantin green 5 GL conc. Tubantin brown GGL Tubantin brown BL Tubantin grey CGLL
Dyeing Department
Technical Weeks - 03.07. 02
Susanne Ehret

56

03.5 % REWIN OS Water fastness EN ISO 105 .E01 CO without fixative WO 3.Fastness improvement with REWIN OS 1.A1S CO WO without fixative 3.5 % REWIN OS Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .0 Tubantin orange GGLN 200% Wash fastness 40°C EN ISO 105-C06 . 02 Susanne Ehret 57 .07.

0 –1.not suitable Dyeing Department Technical Weeks . 02 Susanne Ehret 58 .5) 4.07.0 – 3.Overview of various/important REWIN fixatives REWIN saturation limit in % application field reactive direct package continuous improvement of contact fastness wash fastness ACP (DD) DWR MRT TN 2.0 + (+) + (+) + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + well suitable (+) suitable to a certain extent .0 – 3.0 (1.0 3.0 – 3.0 – 6.5 2.03.

Dyeing process guideline for reactive hot dyes on jet °C °F 100 212 80 176 60 140 40 104 add salt 68 add auxiliaries add dye add alkali 20 0 add wash auxiliary add fixative 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 Dyeing recipe 0.0 .0 g/l BIAVIN BPA / TCC 1.0.0 .0 .3 g/l BIAVIN 109 or 1.0 g/l MEROPAN DPE or 1.3. Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .3. 02 Susanne Ehret 59 .2 .0 .5 g/l COTOBLANC NSR or 1..5 % REWIN TN or .3.2.07.2.0 g/l SARABID LDR x % reactive dye y g/l salt z g/l alkali (NaCO3/NaOH) Wash off 0.03.0 .0 g/l COTOBLANC CSL or 1.1 .0.0 g/l COTOBLANC KRS Cationic fixing 2..2.0 .0 % REWIN ACP or 2.0 .2.

03. 02 Susanne Ehret 60 ..07. Dyeing Department Technical Weeks ..Dyeing auxiliaries for cellulosic fibers Further products .

sulphur. shade.07.03.Faulty dyeings 1 If a cationic aftertreated cellulosic dyeing (e..  the cationic fixing agent has to be removed / stripped in the first step Dyeing Department Technical Weeks . direct dyeing.) has to be redyed because of spots. reactive dyeing. unlevelness.g... 02 Susanne Ehret 61 ..

4.03. 02 Susanne Ehret 62 .0 .Stripping/Masking of cationic fixatives 5 g/l CHT-DISPERGATOR SMS x ml/l acetic acid 60 % (pH 4.5) 30 mins at 98°C / 212 °F rinse well repeat the treatment Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .07.

5 g/l (according to application procedure) Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .07.03. 02 Susanne Ehret 63 .CHT-DISPERGATOR SMS  amine salt of naphthalene sulphonic acid  anionic  liquid  easy handling  foamfree  universally applicable dispersing agent  levelling agent  special stripping agent  application: 1 .

pillings.07.. 02 Susanne Ehret 64 .  Bio . fibrillation. abrasion spots.polish treatment Surface treatment Dyeing Department Technical Weeks ..03.Faulty dyeings 2 Dyed fabrics in rope form with fiber fluff.

Surface treatment agent Cellulase with broad application spectrum Chemical Character : Special cellulase blend. non ionic Properties : .07. abrasion spots and pillings .improvement of the handle .defibrillation of Lyocell fibers .BEIZYM UL . 02 Susanne Ehret 65 .small influence on tensile strength Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .useful for enzymatic stone wash of jeans .removal of fiber fluff.03.

Surface treatment agent • Application recommendation • Machine equipment: jet.BEIZYM UL .194°F Technical Weeks . overflow.60 min (depending on effect) Enzyme stop: increase pH with soda ash up to 9 or temperature increase to 85 .07.5 (adjust before enzyme addition.03.1 : 20 • Temperature: 45 .5 .131 °F • pH value: 4.1.90°C / 185 .5.55°C / 113 .5 . tumbler • Fibers: all cellulosic fibers  Application amount: 0.5 % BEIZYM UL (depending on effect) • Liquor ratio: 1 : 5 . mainly with acetic acid and sodium acetate) • Time: 20 . 02 Susanne Ehret Dyeing Department 66 .

Surface treatment agent Bio .polish with BEIZYM UL basic fabric with pills 1.07.BEIZYM UL . 02 Susanne Ehret 67 .0 % BEIZYM UL Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .03.

For further questions Just contact us ! Dyeing Department Technical Weeks .07.03. 02 Susanne Ehret 68 .

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