Jigs and Fixtures

presented by:- Abhilekh Agrawal (31)

WHAT ARE JIGS AND FIXTURES

Anything used to hold a workpiece in a desired location


Locate parts for precision Repeating process on a series of parts Holding parts for machining, painting, assembly

WHY ARE THEY IMPORTANT IN MACHINE DESIGN
Parts should be designed to accommodate standard fixturing components  Designs should accommodate fast and repeatable fixturing

. and hold components rigid and prevent movement during working in order to impart greater productivity and part accuracy.CONTD:- Both jigs and fixtures position components accurately.

CONTD:- Jigs and fixtures hold or grip a work piece in the predetermined manner of firmness and location. . to perform on the work piece a manufacturing operation.

Superior Jig  Flexible Fixturing Systems .DEFINITIONS  Jig: A device that holds the work and locates the path of the tool. Fixture: A device fixed to the worktable of a machine and locates the work in an exact position relative to the cutting tool.

JIGS AND FIXTURES DESIGN Essential factors:- Study of the component   Study of the locating elements Study of the clamping arrangement  .

JIGS AND FIXTURES DESIGN  Study of the safety devices Study of the power devices for operating the clamping arrangement Study of the tool guiding and cutter setting elements   .

JIG AND FIXTURE DESIGN Jigs Drill jigs Drill bushings .

and guides the cutting tool.  For assembly purposes  Locates Northwestern Tools . holds it firmly in place.TWO MAIN TYPES OF JIGS:  For machining purposes  Locates the component. separate component parts and holds them rigidly in their correct positions while they are being connected.

BASIC CATEGORIES OF JIGS Clamps  Chucks  Vises  Bushings  Modular Fixtures  .

DRILL JIG TERMS  Open jig (also called plate jig or drill template)  The simplest type of drill jig  Consists of a plate with holes to guide the drills. and may have locating pins that locate the workpiece on the jig .

DRILL JIG TERMS  Drill bushings  Precision tools that guide cutting tools such as drill and reamers into precise locations in a workpiece. Accurate Bushing Co. .

Drill Jig Components Jig body Cap screws and dowel pins Locating devices and clamping devices Locking pins Drill jig design .

DESIGNING JIGS Northwestern Tools .

 Cap screws and dowel pins  Hold fabricated parts together .DRILL JIG COMPONENTS  Jig body  Holds the various parts of a jig assembly.

and recesses used to locate the workpiece on the jig.DRILL JIG COMPONENTS  Locating devices  Pins. . pads.

DRILL JIG COMPONENTS  Clamping devices .

.DRILL JIG COMPONENTS  Locking pins  Inserted after the first hole is drilled to lock or hold the workpiece securely to the jig plate while subsequent holes are being drilled.

DIMENSIONING JIG DRAWINGS .

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Milling fixtures Fixture components Fixture design considerations Sequence in laying out a fixture FIXTURES .

FIXTURE COMPONENTS  Set blocks  Cutter set blocks are mounted on the fixture to properly position the milling cutter in relation to the workpiece. .

.FIXTURE COMPONENTS Standard Parts Co.  Fixture base  Fixture components and the workpiece are usually located on a base. which is securely fastened to the milling machine table.

.FIXTURE COMPONENTS American Drill Bushing Co.  Clamps  Clamps counteract forces from the feed of the table and rotation of the cutter.

APPLICATION .

CLAMPS .

BUSHINGS .

CHUCKS .

THANK YOU .

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