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Wastelands are the degraded and unutilized lands (i.e.) which cannot be used for any fruitful purpose. These degraded lands are ecologically unstable with almost complete loss of top soil and are unsuitable for cultivation due to decline in their quality and productivity.

ha. followed by Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh . Maximum wasteland area is present in the state of Rajasthan .The wastelands in the country were placed at 175m.

 Degraded forestlands  Non-forest public degraded lands  Private degraded lands .

. degraded forest area. sheet rock area.o Culturable wastelands which includes gullied and/or ravenous land. sandy area. salt affected land. surface waterlogged land and marsh. shifting cultivation area. steep sloping area and snow covered and/ or glacial area. undulating upland. rocky. stony wastes. o Unculturable wastelands which includes barren. and pasture and grazinglands. mining and industrial wasteland. degraded non-forest plantation.

snow covered areas etc. Strip mining  Dumping chemicals from industries  Wastes released from industries  Nuclear accidents  Deforestation and over grazing  Natural processes which include undulating uplands. deserts. .

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.Definition: To recover the land that has lost it’s productivity and make it usable again.

 Wetlands : Areas that are flooded for all or part of the year with fresh or salt water. Derelict land: Land that is damaged or abandoned and cannot be put to any use until the damage is repaired. : Islands which are manually created.  On Sea .

Bukit Batok Town Park in Singapore is a nature park which is a granite quary before.Some real life examples of derelict land are: • Sunway Lagoon Park in Malaysia is built by reclaiming the former tin mine area. Advantages:  Agriculture  Housing  Industries  Tourism .

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After which. These wetlands can be reclaimed by draining excess water from the lands. the area can then be drained by pumping out the water. Sand and rocks are fill materials which are most conveniently obtained from nearby hills which are also levelled out in the process. Sand and gravel from the seabed can also be used as fill material. or constructing artificial channels called drainage canals. Dikes need to be built around the area being reclaimed to prevent more water from going in.  An area that has been drained is usually lower than the surrounding areas. .

.Some real life examples of wetlands are:  Tanjong Karang in Malaysia  California in U.S.A Advantages:  Agriculture  Housing  Industries which require more water.

Wellington. Rio di Janerio and Mumbai are extending their areas by reclaiming the sea . Man is creating artificial lands on sea for the need of human activities.Although as there are no waste lands in sea. Flevopolder. Some real life examples are:  International airports like Kansai International Airport. The World and hotel Burj al-Arab in Dubai. Japan and HongKong International Airport  The Palm Islands.  Major cities like California.

Advantages:  Tourism  Increase in land area. .

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smoothening and efficient hydraulic design help to reduce water logging and salinity  .  Drainage: This is required for water-logged soil reclamation where excess water is removed by artificial drainage. leaching is done(i.  Irrigation Practices: surface irrigation with precise land leveling.Land development and Leaching: To reclaim the salt affected soil.) by applying large amounts of water to push down the salts.e.

strip plantation on road . brinjal.) and tolerant to highly tolerant (barley. millets.rail and canal-sides is the major social forestry programme . . Selection of tolerant crops and crop rotation : tolerance of crops to salts is found to range from sensitive (). sugar beet. maize. and date-palm)  Gypsum amendment : amendment of sodic soils with gypsum is recommended for reducing soil soidcity  Afforestation and social forestry programmes : NCA launched several afforestation schemes with cope up with the problem of spreading waste land .semi-tolerant (rice. etc.

 Making edible oil: Jatropha curcas is known to thrive on eroded lands. under harsh climate conditions .