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V.Krishna Prasad (08BQ1A0588)
BATCH NO:31 Guide:K.Mohan Krishna
DEPARTMENT OF CSE, VVIT
• • • • • • •
Wireless Cabin Architecture
Satellite Connection Technical Overview Service Integrator Service Dimensioning Interference Collectively Mobile Heterogeneous Network Conclusion
DEPARTMENT OF CSE, VVIT
is ”navigation of the air”. • The demand for making air traveling more pleasant.INTRODUCTION • The Word AERONAUTICAL is derived from the Greek word that means AERO means “air” and NAUTICAL means “navigation” i. in particular Internet applications. • • Current trends are towards high data rate communication services. VVIT 3 .e. secure and productive for passengers is one of the winning factors for airlines and aircraft industry. DEPARTMENT OF CSE. In an aeronautical scenario global coverage is essential for providing continuous service.
DEPARTMENT OF CSE. VVIT 4 .• Wireless Cabin (IST -2001-37466) is looking into those radio access technologies to be transported via satellite to terrestrial .11 b and Blue tooth to the cabin passengers. W-LAN IEEE 802. • And in this it provides UMTS(Universal Mobile Telecommunication Systems) services.
VVIT 5 .WIRELESS CABIN ARCHITECTURE • So far. • When wireless access technologies in aircraft cabins are envisaged for passenger service. Blue tooth. DEPARTMENT OF CSE. GSM telephony is prohibited in commercial aircraft due to the uncertain certification situation and the expected high interference levels of the TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access) technology.11 b. and W-LAN IEEE 802. the most important standards for future use are considered to be: UMTS with UTRAN air interface.
STRUCTURE OF WIRELESS CABIN ARCHITECTURE DEPARTMENT OF CSE. VVIT 6 .
that allows the separation and transportation of the services over a single or several satellite bearers. VVIT 7 . • The different cabin services must be integrated and interconnected using a SERVICE INTEGRATOR. • The AIRCOM PROVIDER SEGMENT provides the interconnection to the terrestrial personal and data networks as well as the Internet backbone DEPARTMENT OF CSE.• A SATELLITE SEGMENT is used for interconnection of the cabin with the terrestrial telecom networks.
few geostationary satellites such as the Inmarsat fleet are available for two-way communications. VVIT 8 . thus the bandwidth that is requested by standard interfaces of the wireless standards needs to be adapted to the available bandwidth.SATELLITE CONNECTION • Connection to telecom networks is considered to be achieved by satellites with large coverage areas especially over oceanic regions during long-haul flights. • Only restricted satellite data rates will be available in the near future. • It is assumed that each satellite segment is connected via terrestrial wide area networks or via the IP backbone to the aircom service provider . • Currently. that cover the land masses and the oceans. DEPARTMENT OF CSE.
DEPARTMENT OF CSE. VVIT 9 .
The European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) is an independent. This air interface. VVIT 10 . standardization organization in the telecommunications industry (equipment makers and network operators) in Europe with worldwide projection.TECHNICAL OVERVIEW A. Developed by the 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project).TTD. In January 1998. • UMTS Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) is a third generation mobile cellular technology for networks based on the GSM standard. ETSI reached an agreement concerning the radio access technique to be used for UMTS. • • • DEPARTMENT OF CSE. named UTRAN (Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network) is applicable in the two existent duplexing schemes for UMTS are (a) UMTS-FDD (b) UMTS. non-profit.
The term is frequently used in ham radio operation. • DEPARTMENT OF CSE. Frequency-division duplexing (FDD) means that the transmitter and receiver operate at different carrier frequencies. since base stations do not "hear" each other and therefore will normally not interfere with each other. The station must be able to send and receive a transmission at the same time. and does so by slightly altering the frequency at which it sends and receives. VVIT 11 .UMTS-FDD • • • • UMTS(Universal Mobile Telecommunication Systems-Frequency Division Duplexing). Advantage of frequency-division duplexing is that it makes radio planning easier and more efficient. where an operator is attempting to contact a repeater station. This mode of operation is referred to as duplex mode or offset mode.
an acronym for Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) . and as the traffic load becomes lighter. VVIT 12 . It emulates full duplex communication over a half duplex communication link. is a 3GPP standardized version of UMTS networks that use UTRAN-TDD.time-division duplexing (TDD). • The same applies in the DOWNLINK direction DEPARTMENT OF CSE. • Time division duplex has a strong advantage in the case where there is asymmetry of the UPLINK and DOWNLINK data rates. • As the amount of UPLINK data increases. more communication capacity can be dynamically allocated. • Time-Division Duplex (TDD) is the application of time-division multiplexing to separate outward and return signals.UMTS-TDD • UMTS-TDD. capacity can be taken away.
scientific and medical) band and uses a frequency.hopping spread spectrum (FHSS) technique to minimize interference. DEPARTMENT OF CSE.11b standard offers a maximum throughput of 6.4--GHz ISM (industrial. • The IEEE 802.5 Mbps working in the same 2.4.GHz ISM band as Bluetooth by the use of direct sequence spread spectrum (DSSS).BLUETOOTH • Bluetooth operates in the unlicensed 2. VVIT 13 . A Bluetooth unit has a nominal range of approximately 10 meters. • • IEEE 802. To be a part of more than one piconet a unit called inter-piconet unit (gateway) is required. Two or more Bluetooth units sharing the same channel form a piconet.11b • Wireless local area networking (WLAN) radio technology provides superior bandwidth compared to any cellular technology. Each piconet consists of a master unit and up to seven active slave units.
that allows the separation and transportation of the services over a single or several satellite bearers DEPARTMENT OF CSE. W-LAN and Bluetooth require an integration of the services over the satellite. as well as the interface to the terrestrial networks at aircom provider site. • The service integrator will provide the interfaces for the wireless and wired service access points in the cabin. • The central part of the service portfolio provisioning is the service integrator (SI). • All services will be bundled and transported between a pair of Service Integrators. It performs the encapsulation of the services and the adaptation of the protocols • The different cabin services must be integrated and interconnected using a SERVICE INTEGRATOR. VVIT 14 .SERVICE INTEGRATOR • The different wireless access services of UMTS.
• Different market entry options and reference business cases must be taken into account in an initial stage of a system design. mobile services. • INMARSAT (International Maritime Satellite Organization) is a British satellite telecommunications company. offering global. VVIT 15 . • The name was changed to "International Mobile Satellite Organization" when it began to provide services to aircraft and portable users.SERVICE DIMENSIONING • In this it provides an overview of key issues and steps for the systematic system dimensioning of Wireless Cabin aircom satellite communications system. DEPARTMENT OF CSE. but the acronym "Inmarsat" was kept. • The evolutionary path leads from existing L-band systems such as INMARSAT GAN(Global Area Network).
• Mapping and traffic allocation of the aircom traffic to the satellite systems. assuming also a service rool-out scenario for different airlines and aircraft types. • Identification of potential serving satellites and their coverage areas.The system dimensioning process can be structured in several steps: • Determination of gross traffic per aircraft using the multi-service model • Determination of the timely and locally varying traffic. DEPARTMENT OF CSE. depending on the flight path and flight schedule. VVIT 16 .
(b) The inter. • And three types of interferences within the CMHN (Collectively Mobile Heterogeneous Network) have to be studied: (a) The co-channel interference among the terminals of the same wireless access segment.segment interference between terminals of different wireless networks. • And particular interest has to be paid in the interference between Bluetooth and WLAN.INTERFERENCE • In the above service dimensioning process we have discussed four measurements. DEPARTMENT OF CSE. (c) The cumulative interference of all simultaneous active terminals with the aircraft avionics equipment and the interference of the CMHN into terrestrial networks. VVIT 17 .
VVIT 18 . DEPARTMENT OF CSE.• Due to the market acceptance of Bluetooth and WLAN. there is a special interest of designers and portable data devices manufacturers to improve the coexistence of the two standards.
DEPARTMENT OF CSE. is called Collectively Mobile Heterogeneous Network (CMHN). which are collectively on the move forming a group with different access standards into this group.• The concept of having several users. • COLLECTIVELY MOBILE HETEROGENEOUS NETWORK The aircraft cabin represents a CMHN supporting three types of wireless (user mobility) access standards (heterogeneous user access) inside an aircraft (the mobile group) using one or more satellite access segments. • The communication infrastructure to support the cabin CMHN is the architecture consists of (i) several wireless access segments in the aircraft cabin which can coexist with the standard wired IP LAN. VVIT 19 .
VVIT 20 . DEPARTMENT OF CSE. (iii) an aircom service provider segment supporting the integrated cabin services.(ii) a satellite segment for interconnection of the cabin with the terrestrial telecom networks.
like laptops with WLAN interface. DEPARTMENT OF CSE. in particular Internet applications. their service acceptance will be increased by number of methods and latest technology that are available. so there must be equipment that provides communication. • And also there must be some safety measures should be taken to eradicate the crashes.CONCLUSION • From the users point of view. VVIT 21 . • So we have to provide continuous services for them. • Current trends are towards high data rate communication services. • since users in an aircraft are passengers. the electronic devices they carry with them is wireless.
VVIT 22 .THANK YOU DEPARTMENT OF CSE.