Konyak Angami. Ao. Seema & Loth . Nagaland State Information Capital : Kohima Districts :11 Languages: English.

Nagaland is covered mostly by high-altitude mountains. the Nagaland is an ideal destination for trekking. Moreover. The hospitability of the people. One of the seven sister states of India.Introduction to Nagaland    Nagaland as state of the India was born on 1st December 1963. Nagaland is situated on the easternmost region of India. culture and tradition simply touch the heart. rock climbing and jungle camping .

Nationalist activities arose amongst Naga tribes and they demanded for a political union of their ancestral and native groups. In order to restore peace . Nagaland remained a part of the province of Assam. After the independence. and attacked government officials and Indians from other states. They turned millitant and damaged government and civil infrastructure. which was a period of oppression and turmoil.History   The history of Nagaland is mainly focused on the Naga tribes and their customs along with their economic activities . they extended their domain over modern Nagaland. In 1816 . The Naga tribes had socio-economic and political links with tribes in Assam and Myanmar. The Christian missionaries played an important part in converting most of the Naga tribes into Christianity. all of modern Nagaland except the Tuensang area was governed by the British. When the East India Company took control of Assam in 1826. Presently 90 % of the people in Nagaland are Christians. It was amalgamated with Assam.    . Nagaland along with Assam came under the direct rule of Myanmar. By 1892.the Union government sent the Indian Army.

This was to function as the de-facto legislature. 1961. P. Dr. The Government began diplomatic talks with representatives of Naga tribes. Shilo was appointed as the Chief Executive Councilor and finally became the first Chief Minister of Nagaland. Mr. It consisted of a five-member Executive Council whose head was the Chief Executive Councilor. Imkongliba Ao. An Interim Body of 42 members was constituted on February 18. Statehood was officially granted and the first state-level democratic elections were held in 1964. Further political accord was reached at the Naga People`s Convention that Nagaland should become a self-governing state in the Indian union. This functioned as de-facto Council of Ministers. and the Naga Hills district of Assam and the Tuensang frontier were united as a single political entity that became a Union territory This move too was not satisfactory to the tribes and soon they began agitation and violence. The late Mr. Vishnu Sahay became the first Governor of Nagaland. This included a series of attacks on Army and government institutions. was appointed as the first Chairman of the Interim Body. The first Chairman of the Naga People`s Convention.   .

Geography      Nagaland is located on the extreme northern east just below Arunachal Pradesh. The hillsides are covered with green forests. while on its west lies the state of Assam. which is 3840 meters above sea level. The north is bounded by Arunachal Pradesh. It has on its long eastern strip the neighboring country Myanmar. Manipur borders it on its south. The terrain is hilly. The climate is pleasant. The rains during April to May is low. The highest peak is Saramati in the Twensang district. The average rainfall is between 175 cm and 250 cm. In the Angami region the terraced fields are a feast to the eyes. . Rains are heavy in Nagaland. Strong winds blow from the north west in February and March. Most of the heavy rainfall is during the 4 months from June to September. rugged and mountainous. The average height of the peaks is between 900 and 1200 metres.

  Rio took office as chief minister on March 6. bringing the 15-year-long rule of the Indian National Congress in the state to the end. 2003 .Government  Neiphiu Rio is the Chief Minister of Nagaland. Rio is a member of the Nagaland People's Front which joined other Naga regionalist parties and the state branch of the BJP under his leadership to form the Democratic Alliance of Nagaland. a coalition which won the 2003 state elections.

Districts             Nagaland has 11 districts: Kohima Dimapur Phek Wokha Mokokchung Tuensang Mon Zunheboto Longleng Peren Kiphere .

woodwork and pottery are also an important source of revenue. Principal crops include rice. but largely limited owing to the state's geographic isolation and political instability in recent years.Economy       Agriculture is the main important economic activity in Nagaland. sugarcane. However. oilseeds. Only the Angami and Chakesang tribes in the Kohima district use terracing and irrigation techniques. Cottage industries such as weaving. . tobacco. corn. millets. Forestry is also an important source of income. The widespread practice of jhum . More than 90% of the population employed within it. potatoes and fibers. pulses.clearing for cultivation has led to soil erosion and loss of fertility. Nagaland still depends on the import of food supplies from other states. Tourism is important.

The proliferation of large scale and medium scale industries has helped to raise the standard of living of the local inhabitants of Nagaland. weaving. Endowed with ideal infrastructure.  Cottage industries like spinning. Nagaland supports several industries. Sugar mills  Oil factories  . plywood factories etc. cane works etc.Industries in nagaland The development industry in Nagaland has provided an impetus to the economic growth of this north eastern state of India. Some of the well known industries of the north eastern state of Nagaland are: Bamboo related industries like paper mills.

which has three campuses at Kohima.Education   The literacy rate in Nagaland is 67. .92%. Lumami and Medziphema. The major university in the state is Nagaland University.11% as per census of 2001 with male literacy at 71.77% and female literacy at 61.

Rivers      The main rivers that flow through Nagaland are Dhansiri Doyang Dikhu Jhanji .

Sema. Chakhesang. Each tribe has their own languages and cultural features. Yimchunger and Zeliang. Phom. Khemungan. Lotha. Pochury.Arts & Culture     The Nagas belong to the Indo-Mongoloid family. pottery and blacksmithy. The fourteen major Naga tribes are the Angami. Sangtam. Konyak. Ao. Rengma. . The important handicrafts of the Nagas are woodcarving. bamboo work. Chang.

extol a specific act of heroism. Another popular string instrument is Theku. A common musical instrument played by the Nagas is Petu. Of the wind instrument. The themes have a wide range of variety. . narrate an important event of the recent past or relate to a love story. The important thing about the Naga festivals is their corporate character. the flute is quite common The festivals are mostly related to agricultural operations. They may glorify a tradition. The Angamis and Chakhesangs are particularly fond of it and it is used to give the desired accompaniment to one's voice. It is a string instrument. The community as a whole participates in the celebrations.Music and Festivals         Music is an essential accompaniment to any Genna or festival.

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