“MAY THE FORCE BE WITH YOU”

VERB INVERSION

. Questions:      Did you study for the test? Have you ever been abroad? Does he live in this city? How often do you go to the cinema? What are you doing tomorrow after class? WATCH OUT: * I wonder if you studied for the test. * Can you tell me if you have been abroad? * Do you know if he lives in this city? * Would you mind telling us how often you go to the cinema? * She asked me what I am doing tomorrow after class.1.

 REMEMBER:  In formal English. inversion is used to give emphasis or literary or dramatic effect.  Inversion is not normally used in informal English. .

In adverb clauses beginning with * SCARCELY/BARELY/HARDLY… WHEN/BEFORE * NO SOONER… THAN  Hardly had I left home when it started to rain. X No sooner had I closed the door when I realised I had left the keys inside .  Scarcely had I begun to study when my friend called. WATCH OUT! X Hardly had I started to speak than he interrupted me.2.

• On no account will I let you do such a dangerous thing. Seldom. On no account. Never. In no way. • Rarely does she go out alone at night. • Under no circumstances are children allowed to swim in the pond. . • Not for one moment did I think that you would betray me. NEGATIVE ADVERB CLAUSES: Under no circumstances. At no time.3. Never/Not for one moment. Rarely. In vain.

* Had he but locked the door. we would not have had the accident. * Were the regulations regarding child abuse stronger. do not hesitate to contact us. * Had we only thought about the consequences of drinking and driving. .4. a lot of crimes of this type would be avoided. his house would not have been burgled. CONDITIONAL CLAUSES WHERE IF CAN BE REPLACED: * Should you require any assistance.

• So much did I eat that I got terribly sick. CLAUSES WITH: * SO + ADJECTIVE * SO + FEW. LITTLE. . • So surprised were we that we were unable to utter a word. MANY * SUCH + NOUN • So happy was David that he was speechless. • Such was our surprise that we were unable to utter a word. • So little did we know about the topic that we were not able to participate in class. MUCH.5.

EXERCISES .

when Dad brought us presents. • Rick studies a lot.6. as was Mum. After ONLY (+ after/when/if/by/with/adverbs) . as do all his classmates. . but he also met the woman of his dreams. • I was very happy. • Only when she finished her whisky did she remember that her doctor had told her not to drink any alcohol. • Not only did he make good friends in France. NOT ONLY and AS • Only after she left me did I realise that I had made a huge mistake.

• There are the children. AND OTHER EXPRESSIONS OF PLACE: (Do/did are not used) • Here is your book. • In the corner lay the drunk woman. * Inversion with these words is normal. • Up the hill went the trekkers. • Round the corner walked the man.7. . • Up the hill they went. CLAUSES WITH *HERE AND *THERE. • In the corner she lay. not just formal use. BUT: • Round the corner he walked.

 Here played Robert.  There goes the bus. X Here was Robert playing.AVOID CONTINUOUS TENSES: X There is the bus going. .

AND SO. * James will go to the cinema this weekend. But: Both James and his brother will go to the cinema. • . * John doesn’t ride a bike. .8. • Tom didn’t understand the topic.Neither did I. AFTER NEITHER. But: John neither rides a bike nor drives a car. nor does he drive a car. NOR.So do I. and so will his brother. FORMALLY AND INFORMALLY: * I love sunsets. .

THERE IS/ARE. THERE COME(S): There is a bus stop near my house. There comes a moment in the evolution of every field or discipline when central intellectual issues come into focus . THERE EXIST(S). there lived a princess who asked a great many questions. Once upon a time.9. There exists only one species of bear in South America.

” said Susan/said she/she said.” commented Lany. BUT: Susan said.  “Maybe we should collect our thoughts for a moment.”  “It’s time for you. but not for me. “I think it’s time to go.” replied Gary.10. . DIRECT SPEECH / QUOTING:  “I think it’s time to go.

EXERCISES .

EMPHASIS –EXCLAMATIONS AND WISHES * Man. am I tired! * Will he pay for this! * Is it ever hot in here! * Wow! Does she look nice! • May you live happily ever after! • May God help us all! .11.

PAST AND PRESENT PARTICIPLE INTROS: * Located between two mountains is the city. . * Not paying attention was he when the teacher asked him a question. * Lost in the desert were the tourists when they were found by Bedouins. * Raining heavily was it when I met him.12.

php  Explanations:  http://esl.about.htm  http://www.tolearnenglish.edu/k-lee7/www/kesl/writ/inversion_sv.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise- english-66911.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise- english-83020.learn-english-today.com/od/advancedgrammar/a/inversion.tolearnenglish.htm  http://www.hk/elc/quiz/inverse.cityu.EXERCISES  http://www.pdf .com/lessons/lesson_contents/inversion- ex.uiuc.htm  https://netfiles.edu.php  http://www.

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