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Box-and-Whisker Plots

We are learning tocreate and analyze Box-and-Whisker plots. Friday, March 23, 2012

Box-and-Whisker Plot Vocabulary


Median The middle number of a set of data. Upper Quartile The median of the data values that are greater than the median of the total data set. Lower Quartile The median of the data values that are less than the median of the total data set. Upper/Lower Extreme The highest and lowest numbers in a set of data.

Box-and-Whisker Plot Practice


Make a box-and-whisker plot using the following set of data: 1, 6, 10, 4, 2, 8, 15, 6, 3 Step #1: Put the numbers in order from least to greatest: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 6, 8, 10, 15 Step #2: Create a number linethat extends beyond the upper/lower extremes. Step #3: Find the Mediandraw a line above the median on the number line. Step #4: Find the Upper Quartiledraw a line above the upper quartile. Step #5: Find the Lower Quartiledraw a line above the lower quartile. Step #6: Create a box (a rectangle) above the number line with the upper and lower quartiles as two of the sides. Step #7: Create whiskers (straight lines) that extend from the box to the upper and lower extremes.

Box-and-Whisker Plot Practice


There are 12 people are in a Habanera Pepper eating contest who ate the following amount of peppers: 4, 4, 4, 9, 15, 2, 5, 0, 10, 12, 1, 18 Put the numbers in order from least to greatest:

0, 1, 2, 4, 4, 4, 5, 9, 10, 12, 15, 18

BELOW THE MEDIAN (4.5)

ABOVE THE MEDIAN (4.5)

Discussion Question: Why are all of the Boxes and Whiskers different sizes?

Analyzing a Box-and-Whisker Plot

_____% _____%

25%

_____%

25%

25%

_____%

25%

50%

50%

Box-and-Whisker Plot Reflection Question


Nate believes that the reason that the boxes and whiskers are not always the same size is because there are more numbers in some of the boxes than others. Is he correct? Explain in complete sentences.

How to find the: Inter-Quartile Range


Inter-Quartile Range the difference between the upper and lower quartile of a set of data. Inter-Quartile Range = Upper Quartile Lower Quartile Show where you could find the inter-quartile range on the box-and-whisker plot below:
INTER-QUARTILE RANGE

Colby graphed some data as shown in this box-and-whisker plot.

Which statement is true about Colbys data?

A. B. C. D.

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The range of the data is 25. One-half of the data is below 65. The median of the data is 60. Three-fourths of the data is below 90.

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Which of the following is not true about the box-and-whisker plot shown below?

A. B. C. D.

The inter-quartile range is 8 The upper quartile is -2. The median of the data is 1. The lower extreme is -9.
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