Environmental management

Administrative functions that develop, implement, and monitor the environmental policy of an organization.

Environmental management system
Organizational structure, planning activities, responsibilities, practices, procedures, processes, resources, and standards (such as ISO 14000 or BS 7750) employed in formulating an organization's environmental policy and achieving its objectives on both short- and long-term basis.

Challenges of Environmental Management
Environmental management involves more than just recycling in the office.

Corporations that do not recognize the impact of environmental management on their organizations cannot expect to remain competitive. Managers should make every effort to make ethics based decisions, i.e., manage environmental challenges voluntarily and on their own terms, rather than making compliance based decisions (changes made only when required by law). Companies that choose to implement best practices based on ethical standards (which are often far more strict than regulatory standards) have the opportunity to become known as leaders within their individual industries.

one company's waste can be another company's fuel source. . They must then determine a way of measuring this waste. they must choose and implement best practices for both reducing waste and disposing of those wastes that cannot be completely eliminated. from garbage to gases. landfill gases can be used to fuel a boiler. Managers must be prepared to invent creative ways of decreasing the amount of waste their organizations put into the environment. Managers must first identify all types of waste produced by the organization.Challenges of Environmental Management Waste Management Waste management encompasses all forms of waste. In some cases. For example. Finally. from garbage to gases.

Consumers are interested in purchasing green products more than ever now." One of the challenges of environmental management lies in developing products that.Challenges of Environmental Management Developing Green Products Consumers want green products. . green products are those "whose manufacturing. purchase and use allows for economic development while still conserving the earth's biological diversity and supporting ecological processes and the components of our economy and quality of life that require natural resources. According to the Conservation Value Institute. and the numbers of consumers who actively seek out green products is also growing. by design. will create less waste.

Employees. Stakeholder participation is perhaps one of the greatest challenges of environmental management. In other words. and their participation is key to the success of any environmental management initiative. . Environmental management must be institutionalized.Challenges of Environmental Management Stakeholder Participation Employees and other stakeholders must be willing participants. Stakeholders must be educated on the importance of environmental management before they can embrace and contribute to its ultimate success. customers and even the local community are all stakeholders. environmental initiatives will likely fail. it must be integrated into the organizational culture so that participation is a given. Without stakeholder buy-in.

Environmental Management Procedures Environmental management is the process of implementing public policy in how humans interact in a given environmental setting. In such a dual role. as both a conservator and supplier. industry and individual citizens. This policy is set to promote the conservation and preservation of natural resources while allowing for the exploitation of those same resources. the environmental manager is forced to constantly make critical decisions involving the environment. .

miners. Volunteers effectively multiply the power of an organization's professional ranks allowing more efficiency in conservation. Farmers and businessmen form strong networks that can impact on successful management practices. . and many other interest groups that are opportunities for achieving superior management of protected resources.Environmental Management Procedures People Management Perhaps the most difficult facet of environmental management is liasing with community organizations. environmental activist organizations. neighbors of locale. drillers. preservation. agricultural collectives. environmental concerns. schools. and recreational programs. farmers.

Environmental Management Procedures Preservation Management Preservation is a major task of environmental management. logging. . that of preserving the environment unchanged for future generations. This results in the responsible manager sometimes being villified by the very public they seek to serve. hiking. but they have to be true to the policy they represent. And many of these interests are represented by lobbying and trade associations with major political and economic resources. mining and other interests which may damage a protected locale. This means active curtailing of tourism.

and other recreational activities to the US public. They allow logging industries to harvest trees (and replant cleared acreage) and mining industries to claim ores from the ground (with proper slag disposal) while at the same time promoting hunting.Environmental Management Procedures Conservation Management Conservation is the act of using natural resources appropriately and reasonably assuring a sustainable yield with minimal impact on an ecosystem. In the US the national forests are excellent examples of conservationism. camping. boating. Being able to function successfully in all these roles can only be the job of intelligent and well trained managers .

Do. controlled and monitored. Act" model ensures that environmental matters are systematically identified. an Environmental Management System (EMS) is a set of practices that enable an organization to reduce its environmental impacts.S. The EMS Model The "Plan. Act" model plan. Do.Environmental Management System According to the U. Check. . Check. Using this approach will help to ensure that an organization's environmental performance improves over time. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). It is based on a "Plan.

S. Resolve any issues and create a preventative action process. building an implementation team. Management should determine which changes are needed to the organizational EMS model at this time. . audits are conducted. Environmental Protection Agency and put the key processes in place. Check During this step. This step should include securing top management commitment. the next step is to understand the 17 elements listed by the U. preparing a budget and securing resources and support from others. Act Conduct management reviews during this final stage of the EMS model using the results from the internal audit. and records are managed in accordance with the organization's standards and procedures.Environmental Management System Plan The first step in building an Environmental Management System is to devise a plan to define the organization's goals and to determine what is needed to improve the organization's environmental performance. Do Once the initial step has been completed.

It involves the allocation of resources. . services and processes on the environment. It involves developing. assignment of responsibility and ongoing evaluation of practices. implementing and maintaining policy for environmental protection and it focuses on continuous improvement. Most environmental management systems follow the Plan-Do-Check-Act Cycle (PDCA) developed by Edward Deming in the 1950s and encouraged today by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). procedures and processes with regard to environmental impact.How to Develop an Environmental Management System An Environmental Management System is the means by which an organization addresses immediate and long-term impacts of its products.

2 Develop procedures for implementing the organizations environmental policy Develop procedures for implementing the organizations environmental policy statement.How to Develop an Environmental Management System 1 Develop an environmental policy statement Develop an environmental policy statement for the organization. Many organizations integrate the EMS into a larger overall sustainability program that incorporates economic and social performance as well as environmental performance. A well-written environmental policy statement clearly outlines where a company stands on environmental matters for all stakeholders. This involves Identifying environmental impacts resulting from the organization's activities and developing an environmental management plan to control and minimize those impacts. This is a declaration of the organization's commitment to the environment and continual improvement of environmental practices. .

i. 4 Allocate resources and assign responsibilities Allocate resources and assign responsibilities for implementing the environmental management plan. Measurable objectives and targets will provide a means for evaluating results and identifying areas for improvement. separating hazardous waste materials from landfill materials.e.. To be effective. This is a measurable objective and the company can continually seek ways to improve on this objective.How to Develop an Environmental Management System 3 Develop measurable objectives and targets Develop measurable objectives and targets for the environmental management plan regarding environmental impact. Train employees on specific job duties regarding their environmental responsibilities. a company wants to reduce CO2 emissions from it's factories by 5% per year. For example. the environmental management plan must be integrated into the organization's operational processes. recycling can be implemented wherever possible and employees can be trained on proper waste disposal techniques. . For example.

Reports should be provided on a periodic basis that show the results of the plan for achieving the measurable objectives and targets. and adjustments to procedures should be made as needed to improve results.How to Develop an Environmental Management System 5 Review and analyze the results Review and analyze the results of the environmental management plan to identify areas for improvement. . The review and analysis should be a continuous process.

with a means to review and implement continual improvement.What Are the Benefits of an Environmental Management System? An environmental management system (EMS) is a set of guidelines developed by an organization to minimize its environmental impact. An EMS also provides a means to train staff and take corrective action as necessary should the implementation of the plan reveal any shortcomings. . with management support and guidance. Typically. a team of staff members create an EMS. The success of an EMS depends upon explicit procedures.

• Awareness – An organization's EMS can have far-reaching environmental effects by increasing employee awareness of environmental issues and perhaps encouraging implementation at home.What Are the Benefits of an Environmental Management System? • Compliance – An EMS will encourage compliance with environmental regulations and reduce the risk of causing environmental impacts. . and other stakeholders a sincere environmental ethic and enhances an organization's public image. through a detailed review of practices. • Reduce Costs – Implementation of an EMS will help reduce costs and improve an organization's efficiency. • Employee Morale – Development of an EMS increases employee morale by encouraging staff input and helping to create a sense of ownership. • Environmental Ethic – Creating an EMS demonstrates to the public. investors.

Pros and Cons of Environmental Management Plans • An environmental management plan (EMP) is a combination of preventive and monitoring activities that are set within a time line. • EMPs have remarkable benefits. . it is a management strategy that enables organizations to implement and comply with environmental protection measures. • Also known as an environmental management system (EMS). implementation and assessment. but they also have some limitations. • But the plan is not static as it involves continuous planning.

reducing the use of office paper. recycling and mitigating pollution. suppliers. EMPs also help organizations assess the impact and feasibility of these activities and how they can be improved on. Businesses that have EMPs in place are able to engage in sustainable business activities. In this way. such as lowering energy consumption or recycling. these plans encourage compliance with existing national. such as coming into contact with toxins and pollutants. shareholders. Example of aspects that EMPs promote include: lowering energy consumption. . They also reduce the hazards that employees may encounter in the workplace. Customers and other shareholders are becoming more interested in dealing with businesses that are sustainable and reducing pollution than those which are not. Liability is also reduced. when dealing with customers. These plans provide an organization with a framework of how to run sustainable business operations. businesses and governments in environmental preservation and sustainability. state and local environmental laws. Public Image Improvement There is a growing interest among customers.Pros and Cons of Environmental Management Plans Preservation of Resources At the core of EMPs is the reduction of waste within an organization. Reduced Liability EMPs assist businesses to identify environmental hazards and thus alleviate them beforehand. as a business is able to produce and distribute environmentally-safe products.

as well as auditing of the system by a third party. Design and implementation of the system may require hiring a consultant. Organizations that opt to register for international recognition. could incur fees as high as $10. implementation. such as energy saving machines. Compliance Difficulties Admittedly.000 annually. Due to this complexity. that organizations may be required to sign up to and comply with. such as the ISO 14001. EMPs can often be complex cycles of planning. . There are various national and international standards. such as with the International Organization For Standardization (ISO) 14001 certificate. Although not always the case.Pros and Cons of Environmental Management Plans Implementation The cost of implementing EMPs is a primary disadvantage. EMPs may require the purchase of new environmentally-friendly and sustainable equipment. assessment and evaluation. environmental body. organizations and their employees may not be able to fully comply with every aspect of the system. Other costs may include employee training.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful