Appropriate technology

• Appropriate technology emphasizes the use of renewable resources. These energy sources are available almost everywhere and need only the right technology to capture them. water.What is appropriate technology? • Appropriate technology is small-scale technology. or water. . wind. like the energy from the sun. • Appropriate technology makes use of skills and technology that are available in a local community to supply basic human needs. and waste disposal. food. such as gas and electricity.

education and training. and provide suitable employment opportunities. . This normally requires specialist training. • The use of high technology to solve a problem often involves the use of expensive components. regular employment and income for families. such as an improvement in health and safety.Use of Appropriate Technology • The use of Appropriate Technology should be economically viable on a long-term basis for the community. which usually need to be imported. requiring additional costs and time. • It brings a number of distinct advantages.

This reduction of the emission of sulphur dioxide and nitrous oxides.• Use of local resources also cuts down overall costs. by not using coal as the primary source of energy is also beneficial to both local and global environments. increases the Greenhouse Effect . Carbon dioxide emissions. . which occur when oil and coal are burnt. • The use of renewable sources of energy reduces the emission of carbon dioxide. • The use of renewable energy sources is also encouraged.

require fewer resources. and use low cost or readily available materials wherever possible. or environmental damage. complication or barriers. .Goal of Appropriate Technology • The goal of Appropriate Technology (AT) is to increase the standard of living for the developing world without condescension. • Typical AT inventions are more labor intensive.

10 Cases of Appropriate Technology .

. • XO laptops have already been delivered to children in Afghanistan and East Africa. with built-in wireless and a screen readable in direct sunlight (for children who school outdoors). energy efficient. and has a childlike industrial design.One Laptop Per Child • Its XO laptop is about the size of a small textbook. The computer is extremely durable.

five LEDs and replaceable NiMH batteries said to last two years. but may someday cost as little as $6 per unit in bulk. Complete units cost $15 apiece. • The N100 is constructed from impact-resistant plastic and includes four solar panels. .Solar Powered Lightbulb • This clever product stores electricity from daylight. the LED bulbs can provide four hours of light when the battery is fully charged. • Designed specifically for use in developing nations.

Their solution is Concrete Canvas. water and air for construction. Then remove the air bladder and you have a sturdy (25 or 54 sqm) shelter that can last up to 10 years. It’s even waterproof and fireproof. put the Concrete Canvas on top of the air bladder. Two people with no training can assemble the smaller CCS25 version in 24 hours. and pour fresh or even salt water on the canvas. an ingenious material for rapidly deployable hardened shelters that require only their product. and a more sturdy solution is needed using local materials. . Let the canvas dry for 24 hours. Just pump up the air bladder to provide temporary scaffolding.Concrete Canvas Shelters • UK firm Concrete Canvas knows too well that “temporary” tent cities for refugees offer little protection from the elements.

lasts 25 years.Universal Nut Sheller • Prior to Jock Brandis’ Universal Nut Sheller. growing and harvesting peanuts in Africa was a time-and-labor intensive affair relegated to women and children. Thus it was no surprise when it won the 2006 Popular Mechanics Breakthrough award. sun-dried peanuts per hour – is now making African nut farming possible. . However.000 person village. and just one Sheller can serve the needs of a 2. The device requires less than $50 in common materials to make. his simple hand-powered device – capable of shelling 50 kilograms (110 lb) of raw.

The system works by putting a smaller clay pot inside a larger one. Evaporation causes a cooling effect in the inner pot. nine times their usual expiration date. which relies on the concept of evaporative cooling. His solution was a Pot-in-Pot refrigerator. Nigerian Mohammed Bah Abba won the 2001 Rolex Awards for Enterprise with his invention of a simple cooling system to preserve food in rural areas with no electricity. Tomatoes and peppers can last for up to 21 days.Pot-In-Pot Refrigerator • In 2001. separating the two by constantly moist sand. Eggplants are reported to stay fresh for 27 days. .

all at no cost to the recipients. By using this approach.Free Wheelchair Mission(FWM) • After seeing a disabled Moroccan woman drag herself across a busy street. MIT grad Don Schoendorfer and his wife Laurie decided to do something about it. FWM has delivered 481. FWM has an extraordinarily low $59. They reasoned that the key issue was wheelchair affordability. so they developed one with the lowest possible cost. components currently in manufacture and off-the-shelf parts already being produced in very high volumes. • The FWM wheelchair is manufactured in China for maximum economy.655 wheelchairs to 77 countries. • The resulting FWM wheelchair uses elements already in existence.20 manufacturing cost. .

and has a capacity of 90 liters / 24 gallons.000 people. In the past 15 years. fetching potable water can take most of an entire day.000 rollers. and is typically a chore left to women and children. The product itself is similar to a barrel with a handle that you push ahead of you like a steamroller’s drum. • The Hippo Roller is a simple tool for transporting water from distant watering-holes back to homes and villages – an alternative to the traditional 5-gallon-barrels-on-heads approach. directly benefitting over 200. That’s nearly a 5X increase in productivity. .Hippo Roller Water Project • In some African villages. the Hippo Roller Water Project has distributed over 30.

Aprovecho won the 2009 Ashden International Energy Champion Award for its Rocket Stove technology. which in turn leads to a chimney and heat exchanger. and accept small diameter fuel such as twigs and branches. • The stoves are easy to build using local materials. The resultant heat is directed to a very small area. and greatly reduces the amount of wood fuel needed for cooking and boiling water.Rocket Stove • A rocket stove is a super-efficient heater invented at the Aprovecho Research Center to reduce biomass fuel requirements in developing countries. • It combines the stove’s air-intake with the fuel-feed slot in an opening terminated by a combustion chamber. .

7% of waterborne viruses. Enterococcus and Staphylococcus) and 98. Lifestraw is intuitive to use. including Time Magazine’s “Best Invention of 2005”. special tools or electricity to operate. The Lifestraw has won countless awards. The Lifestraw is a personal. and requires no training.Lifestraw • In 2009. or about one year of water consumption for a single person.000 in 2007. The sucking action of the straw pulls the water through a filter that traps 99. • . and “Innovation of the Year” by Esquire. can be worn around the neck. “Europe’s Best Innovation” by Reader’s Digest. and Vestergaard Frandsen’s Lifestraw played its’ part in the decline. an estimated 5. low-cost water purification tool.999% of waterborne bacteria (such as Salmonella. Unlike other water purification products. This is down from 6. with a service lifetime of 700 liters.000 deaths from unsafe drinking water occurred every day. Shigella.

But when they returned months later. But this is the time we use to talk about men. they quickly developed a corn sheller out of a piece of wood with a hole in the middle. and. ‘Thanks for your invention.Corn Sheller • Compatible Technology International visited Guatemala and observed women hand-shelling corn. So the engineers crafted and donated several of their devices. convinced of their good deed. it’s much easier. and kids. The women pushed the ear of corn through the hole. they found the women still hand-shelling corn. The women told them. school. and your device makes our work too fast for that.’ . being engineers with a problem in their sights. They saw how laborintensive the manual shelling process was. shaving the kernels from the cob MUCH more quickly.

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