• e. Simple Process: How to change the oil in the car • e.What is a “Process Analysis”? • Process analysis shows how to do something or how something happens by describing the steps or stages in the process.g. Complex Process: How Congress passes a law .g.

g.What is a “Process Analysis”? • Basically. and both are important. How to set up a tent • e. How to assemble a toy • e. there are two kinds of process analyses. • e.g.g. • A directional process analysis gives the steps in a process that the reader can perform if he or she wants to. How to jailbreak iOS devices .

g. • e. How plants manufacture chlorophyll . How brain surgery is performed • e.g. but the reader is not likely to perform the process.What is a “Process Analysis”? • An informational process analysis explains how something is made or done.

but you do not merely write out the steps in list fashion. • Follow the guidelines: • Include all important steps • Explain how each step is performed • Explain each step is performed • Explain trouble spots and what not to do • Explain necessary items and define unfamiliar terms • Include examples and descriptions .Selecting Details • Most of the detail in a process analysis will be the steps in the process.

• Your reader might not be able to perform a process properly. . Include all important steps • Omitting a step is a common pitfall.1.

. Explain how each step is performed • To ensure that your reader performs a process successfully. you may need to explain how to perform one or more steps in a directional process analysis.2.

Explain why each step is performed • You may need to explain why a step in a process analysis is performed if you think your reader will fail to appreciate its importance and. perhaps.3. skip it—or perform it carelessly. .

4. pointing out the possible problem can help the reader to avoid it. • If you fear your reader could take unnecessary or incorrect actions. your directional process analysis can point out something that should not be done. . Explain trouble spots and what not to do • If a step in a directional process analysis can prove troublesome.

provide definitions. mention items that are needed early in your directional process analysis. • If you use technical terms or other vocabulary unfamiliar to your reader. Mention necessary items and define unfamiliar terms • If your reader must assemble materials to perform the process. so your reader can assemble them.5. .

6. . you may need to include examples and description. Include examples and descriptions • To clarify an aspect of a process or help your reader appreciate its nature or significance.

Organizing a process analysis • To create interest. your introduction could: • tell why understanding the process is important • tell why you are qualified to explain a process • arouse readers’ curiosity about how the process is performed • or combine the aforementioned techniques .

• Anyone can fail a class if she tries hard enough.Organizing a process analysis • The thesis or topic sentence names the process that will be described or analyzed. • Changing a tire is easy if you follow the right steps. • You don’t have to be Italian to make pasta carbonara. Often the thesis contains an attitude or opinion about the process. • Bathing a dog doesn’t have to be a miserable experience for either party .

• If you are explaining what should not be done. do so near the step the caution is related to. you can group all the cautions together in their own paragraph. . • If your process analysis includes several statements of what not to do.Organizing a process analysis • Arrange your details in chronological order when your reader needs the steps presented in the order they are performed. Transitions for process analysis are generally time and sequence markers.

• If you explain a troublesome aspect of the process. • If you explain why a step is performed. do so the first time the term is used. . • If necessary materials are listed. do so just before or after your explanation of the step. do so just after presenting the step under consideration. group this information together in an early paragraph. perhaps even in the introduction.Organizing a process analysis • If you must define a term.




6. What process is the writer describing? 3. Are there any precautions the writer provided? . How does the writer organize the information? 4. What audience do you think the writer had in mind when s/he wrote this essay? 7. What techniques does the writer use to introduce the topic? 2.Practice In Group. read the first sample essay and answer the following questions 1. 5. Make a list of the steps in the process. What transition words did the writer use to achieve coherence? Underline them in the essay.

etc. how to meet people. the Heimlich maneuver. how to study for an exam • 3. • 4. and describe the process so that someone else can make it. choose one of the topics and write an essay. Think of something you know how to make.• 2. first aid. • how to register.). how to select a major. Explain any of the following processes to help first-year students at your school: Practice In Group. • 5. Explain one of the following processes: • how to survive adolescence • how to buy the perfect gift • how to plan the perfect party • how to choose the right college • how to buy running shoes • how to buy a computer • how to prepare for an interview . Explain a process that can save a life (CPR.

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