PAINTS

Prepared by: Amboy, Marie Astrid Gironella,Domingo Janno Remorosa, Valerie Fay Sinad, Korina Vida Vallejos, Glady Micca

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INTRODUCTION
ü Paints

are liquids with various colors which are used to protect, to color or to decorate or beautify objects. were already available since pre-history.
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ü Paints

History

First used as a protective coating to the exposed wood of ships. twentieth century has seen the most changes in paint composition and manufacture. synthetic pigments and stabilizers are commonly used to mass produce uniform batches of paint.
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 •The

 •Today,

OLD PAINTINGS 3/26/12 .

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paint company. PacificPaints. major international players operate through licensees and subsidiaries rather than operatingdirectly. Coat Saver and Sphero 3/26/12 ü . is the only local company which has achieved great success in thismarket. Davies.Philippine Paint Industry  In the Philippines. ü  Local Columbus Manufacturer –the first Filipino paint company Other Paint manufacturers: Welcoat.

3/26/12 . paints were made by mixing a natural resin from a plant or tree with natural colorants from the earth or plants.Manufacturing Process  In ancient days. The ingredients were mashed together in a certain type of container.

hence. and low cost 3/26/12 . nontoxic.RAW MATERIALS  PIGMENTS -main and important constituent of paints -give color to paints -must be opaque to ensure good covering power and chemically inert to secure stability. long life -should be of very low toxicity or much better.

earths. insoluble organic dye known as a toner or an organic dye precipitated on an inorganic carrier such as aluminium hydroxide. barium sulphate or clay. lead pigments and zinc pigments -It can also be a pure.RAW MATERIALS  PIGMENTS -usually inorganic substances such as titanium dioxide. chrome pigment. 3/26/12 .

petroleum ether.RAW MATERIALS  Binders -Binders or vehicles are resins or oils. adjust the paint viscosity and give homogeneous.toluene and xylene) 3/26/12 . It the pigment to the substrate.  Solvents binds -dissolve the binder.(ex. regular and uniform thickness on the coated surface.

talc. gypsum and calciumcarbonate 3/26/12 . clay. ex.RAW MATERIALS  Fillers -pigment extender which reduce the paint cost and control the viscosity of paints.

biocides to fightbacterial growth and others.adhesion promoters. texturizers. improve flow properties and improve the finished appearance -other types of additives include thickeners.RAW MATERIALS Additives –used to modify surface tension. 3/26/12 . UVstabilizers.

RAW MATERIALS Driers -accelerates drying -are cobalt. zirconium. lead. calcium and barium Anti-skinning agents .prevent the solidification of paints’ surface during storage 3/26/12 . zinc. manganese.

and to minimize the paint films’ tendency of cracking. phthalate esters or chlorinated paraffins 3/26/12 .improve the elasticity of paint films. Plasticizers . -these materials are special types of oils.RAW MATERIALS Anti-settling agents -improve the dispersion efficiency of the pigments into the binder to prevent settling of pigments during storage.

3/26/12 .give the paint specific property for specific purpose or application.Dispersants .

Titanium dioxide paints  Titanium dioxide -also known as titania and it is a naturally occurring oxide of titanium –widely used white pigment because of its brightness and very high refractive index –it provides the whiteness and opacity to products 3/26/12 .

RAW MATERIALS 3/26/12 .

as boiler feed water or as cooling water and for domestic purposes. Water is used as process water.Utilities ü Steam is used for providing heat requirements and in some large facilities for electric power generations. as rinse water. ü 3/26/12 .

Different types of Paints  Solvent-based  Water-based  Varnishes  Printing  Resins paints paints or clear coatings inks 3/26/12 .

The Equipments Mixers -used to achieve homogeneity between different components -The different types of mixers are: manual mixers. kneaders. rotary churns and mixing by air streams. 3/26/12 . automatic mixers. colloid mills.

the clearance between rollers must be controlled accurately to maintain the desired finesse of dyes or paints. 3/26/12 .Mills -used to refine the texture of the mixture -In the roller mill.

 Filters -used to separate or remove contaminations or foreign objects that may have been included in the liquids 3/26/12 .

The Equipments  Packing Machines . semi-automatic or automatic according to the size of production.may be manual. speed 3/26/12 . The machines also differ in and packs handling.

Schematic diagram of a paint 3/26/12 production industry .

Production Line  Production of solvent-based (household/industrial) paints 3/26/12 .

Production Line  Production of water.based paints 3/26/12 .

a liquid or a gaseous suspension depending on the practical or artistic results desired. it is suspended 3/26/12 . 4. 3. 2.The commonly used is the liquid application.Paint can either be applied as a solid.Applications 1.As a solid.In paint as a gaseous suspension. the paint is applied as a very fine powder and is baked at a very high temperature.

Role of Chemist 1.Quality control department -for the maintenance of the quality of the raw materials and the final product. The product should meet the specifications before releasing to the market 2.Research and development department -the chemist would search for a new and efficient way for a new process and development of the product 3/26/12 .

gloss 3/26/12 .Quality Control of Paints  Inspection of Physical Properties -inspection for density. dispersion and viscosity Inspection of Paint’s Aesthetic components -color. resistance to fading of color. hiding power. fineness of grind.

 Conduction of tests to measure the paint’s more functional qualities -mar resistance. adhesion. fire retardancy 3/26/12 . scrubbability. weathering.

Waste Management  California  Use Rule 66 of paint powder coatings which does not require solvents as solvents water treatment facility  Water  In-house  Latex sludge as fillers for other industrial processes solvent recovering and recycling  Waste 3/26/12 .

) 3/26/12 .Thank you for listening! .

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