HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL

Introducing NRSP

National Rural Support Programme

As of January, 2012

HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL INTRODUCING | NATIONAL RURAL SUPPORT PROGRAMME
Astore Chitral

GILGIT BALTISTAN
Ghizer Gilgit Skardu Diamer

Swat Shangla Neelum Muzaffarabad

Malakand

Mardan Charsadda Swabi Pershawar Nowshera

NWFP
Fata Mianwali

Bagh Poonch Sudhnuti Disputed Territory Islamabad Attock Kotli Rawalpindi Mirpur Chakwal Bhimber Jhelum

JAMMU & KASHMIR

Khushab Dera Ismail khan Zhob* Bhakkar Sargodha

Sialkot Gujranwala

Jhang Faisalabad

Lahore

PUNJAB
Quetta Dera ghazi khan Multan

Toba Tek Singh Muzaffargarh Sahiwal Pakpattan Khanewal Vehari

Lodhran Rajanpur Chagai Bahawalpur

Rahimyar khan

BALOCHISTAN
Khuzdar Panjgur Awaran Turbat Dadu Nawab shah Lasbela Jamshoro

Sukkur

SINDH NRSP Programme Districts
Matiari Sanghar Tando allayar Mirpur khas Hyderabad Umarkot Tando m. Khan Badin Tharparkar

Gwadar

Karachi Thatta

HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL INTRODUCING | NATIONAL RURAL SUPPORT PROGRAMME

BO ARD O F DIRE CTO RS

C h ie f E x e c ut iv e O ffi c er

G e ne r a l M a n ag e r

Social & Human Protection

Human Resource Develo pment

Microfinance & Enterpri se Devel opment Programme

Physical In frastructure & Technology Devel opment

Natural Resource Management

Social Sector S ervi ces

Monitoring E val uati on & Research

Gender & Deve lopment

I nformation Technology

Fi nance & Administration

UPAP

Bahawalpur

Badin

D. G. Khan

Mianwal i

Malakand

Rahim Yar Khan

AJ & K

Rawalpindi

Turbat

Zone 1 RWP/ IBD Rwalpindi Cantt Karachi Gujaranwala Sargodha Sia lkot Zone 2 Faisalabad West Faisalabad East Faisalabad South Lahore West Lahore East Mult an South Mult an North Jhang

Bahawalnagar Bahawalnagar Haroonabad Fort Abbas Marote Minchinabad Chishtian Dahranwala Sahiwal Sahiwal Chichawatni Pakpattan Pakpattan Arif wala Toba Tek Sing Kamalia Toba Tek Singh Gojra Matiari Matiari Hala Tando Allah Yar Nawabshah Shadab Pur Sarkand

Bahawalpur Bahawalpur Yazman Hasil Pur Ahmed Pur East Khairpur Tamewali Khanpur/Muzafargarh Khanpur Liaqatpur Khan Bela Lodhran Lodhran 12 MPR Dunyapur Kahror Pakka Vehari Vehari Burewala Garha More Mailsi Khanewal Jahanian Mian Channu Khanewal Kabirwala Multan Shujabad Jalalpur Pirwala Larr Qadir Pura

Badin Badin Golarchi Matli Tando Bhago Talharl Hyderabad Hyderabad Hyderabad (U) Tando Mohd. Khan Mirpurkhas Mirpkhas Digri Kot Ghulam Mohd Thatta Thatta Sujawal Mirpur Bathoro Mirpur Sakro Chauhar Jamali Gharho Jati

D. G. Khan D. G. Khan Tounsa Rajan Pur Rajan Pur Jampur Rojhan Muhammad Pur D. G. Khan Urban

Khushab Quaidabad Noorpur Thal Noushera Jauharabad Sargodha Shahpur Sahiwal Kot Momin Silanwali Mianwali Mianwali Piplan Kala Bagh Isa Khail Bhakkar Bhakkar Kaloor Kot Mankera Dullewala Jhang

Malakand Thana Dargai Swat Kabal Khawaza Kh ela Mardan Chargulli Mardan (Katlang) Hattian Takht Bai Mardan Kha s Swabi Swabi Nawan Kalay Lahor Charsadda Charsadda Hero Shah Shab Qadar Mardan (urban) Mardan (Bazar) Takhtbhai (Bazar) Charsadda (Bazar) Tangi (Bazar) Nowshera (Bazar) Bat Khela (Bazar) Shab Qadar (Bazar)

Rahim Yar Khan Bahadurpur Fateh Pur Jamal Din Wali Rajan Pur Kalan Shehbazpur Abadpur Bhundi Rahimabad Rukan Pur Chak 173/P Kot Samaba Sadiqab ad Ahmed Pur Lamma Kot Sabzal

Rawalakot Rawalakot Abbaspur Hajira Bagh Bagh Fwd. Kahuta Dheerkot Muzaffarabad Muzaffarabad Patika Hatian Bala Ath Maqam/Neelum Kotli Kotli Sehensa Pallandri Nakyal Khuiratta

Attock Attock Fateh Jang Hassan Abdal Jand Pindi Gheb Rawalpi ndi / IC T Kotli Satian Murree Rawalpindi I CT Gojar Khan Jhelum Jhelum Dina Sohawa Chakwal Chakwal Choa Saiden Sha h Talagan g Pind Dadan Khan Pind Dadan Khan

Turbat Turbat Tajaban Dasht Gwadar Pasni Lasbela Gwadar Panjgoor Chitkan Gramkan Gwargo Kelkore Awaran Awaran Geshkor Jahoo Mashkey

HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL INTRODUCING | NATIONAL RURAL SUPPORT PROGRAMME

Objectives, Strategy & Approach of NRSP
 Objective

“To foster a countrywide network of grassroots level organizations to enable rural communities to plan, implement and manage developmental activities and programmes for the purpose of ensuring productive employment, alleviation of poverty and improvement in the quality of life.”
 Strategy “To harness peoples potential to help themselves.”  Approach “The people need social guidance to harness their potential to:-

 Identify and prioritize what people are willing to undertake in terms of opportunities and needs but not demands. cutting down overheads.  Identify true and genuine activists from amongst the community. It is only they who can harness the potential of the people not outsiders. . achieving economies of scale etc.HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL INTRODUCING | NATIONAL RURAL SUPPORT PROGRAMME  Organize themselves as village level NGOs (CBOs) for pooling of resources.

availability and requirement of resources.HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL INTRODUCING | NATIONAL RURAL SUPPORT PROGRAMME  Undertake feasibility of identified opportunities and needs in terms of peoples capacity. . such as government development departments. equity. Union Councils. willingness. donors. lobby and establish linkages between communities and other development agencies.  Facilitate the flow of required resources to the community. District Councils. sustainability. and  Monitor.

e. Rather it supports and strengthens such NGOs in their effort to foster a framework of village based NGOs (CBOs) or grassroots institutions  Works on a national level .g PRSP. GBDO  NRSP does not overlap or set up parallel organizations where support organizations exist.HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL  NRSP attempts to reach 38 million poor of Pakistan by persuading Government to allocate resources to set up support organizations.

Organizational Setup NRSP comprises: â A board of directors of volunteers â A paid team of professionals and staff to act as a support organization to provide social guidance â A large cadre of grassroots level activists working voluntarily or being remunerated by the communities themselves â A framework of grassroots institutions .

HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL INTRODUCING | NATIONAL RURAL SUPPORT PROGRAMME Steps undertaken for Social Mobilization 1 Compilation of Benchmark data: “Preparation of a Village Profile” It encompasses information on: the prevalent socio-economic and demographic trends levels of education health. infrastructure. imports and exports of the village. and the communities‟ perception on the problems of utmost importance confronting them and past efforts to overcome them. . natural resources.

HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL INTRODUCING | NATIONAL RURAL SUPPORT PROGRAMME STEPS FOR SOCIAL MOBILIZATION 2 Preparation of Poverty Profile Communities themselves classify each household in the village into five categories: Better Off Well to do Poor Very Poor Destitute .

motorbike Yes. bicycle None None . occasional labour Yes. milkman farm worker No Daily wages No Zakat.HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL Examples of Poverty indicators used for preparation of Poverty Profiles as perceived by the community Details Landholding Tractor Bank balance Rich >10 acres irrigated Yes Upto 1 lac No Does not need credit for emergency needs Livestock House >10 <5 1-2 0 0 Small & mud Large & concrete Middle & concrete Small & concrete Small & concrete No Needs credit No Needs credit No Needs credit Middle <5 acres Poor 0 Very Poor 0 Destitute 0 but with insufficient accommodation Transport Servants Regular income Yes. car or motorbike Yes Members of households in service/business No Yes No Shop.

g. Formation of local NGO (CBO) “The Community Organization” Offering of partnership to determine willingness of the community through dialogues Discussing terms of partnership to clarify the responsibilities of the community and the support organization e.HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL 3. Communities responsibilities: • Identification of true and genuine activists • Regular meetings • Savings .

HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL Community Organization > Group of People: one from each household > Live in Geographical Proximity > Share Common Interests .

in general body and in written form .HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL Community Organization > > > > > Meet regularly Select their own office bearers Run their saving programme Have their own bank account Decision by absolute majority.

child labour .HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL Types of Community Organization > Multi sector > Water Users Association > Special purpose organization: for projects Bonded labour.

Technical Assistance and Marketing Levels Household Level Group Level Village Level . _ Drinking Water Supply .Line of Credit .Proposal writing.Training . Linkages.Line of Credit . such as .Fund raising _ Schemes and Sanitation _ Health & Family Planning _ Education _ Infrastructure Needs .HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL INTRODUCING | NATIONAL RURAL SUPPORT PROGRAMME FORMATION STEPS 4 Preparation of Portfolio of Opportunities Plans Identified Income Generation Land Improvement Joint Enterprises Collective Supplies Social Sector Needs Interventions .Engineers‟ services.Training .

SUSTAINABLE LOCAL COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT INTRODUCING | NATIONAL RURAL SUPPORT PROGRAMME Based on Portfolio of Opportunity the following are the sectors who are providing technical support to COs Social Organization Microfinance & Enterprise Development Programme (MEDP) Human Resource Development Natural Resource Management Physical Infrastructure & Technology Development Social Sector Services Gender And Development .

31 CO Membership Men Women CO Savings (Rs.603 68. In Million) Men Women No.591 55.48 58.582.471 1.83 38.049.90 20.498 1. of Loans (In Million) Men Women Pop.965 959.585 1.620 1.990.HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL ORGANIZATIONAL WORK COs Formed Men Women Mix WUAs 132.51 13.83 207.93 Total Disbursement (Rs.323.82 2.532. in million) Men Women 1115.31 1. Coverage .030.93 3.043 7.

000 10.096 2.000 14.654 1.000 4.960 7.575 17.392 1.194 1.440 5.666 1.264 11.000 - 1.000 16.000 6.000 8.547 9.000 2.644 3.256 8.HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL COs Formation Trend 20.684 2.130 531 Men Women .652 5.074 1.806 3.104 1.000 18.000 12.486 1.932 4.089 17.

83(M) US$ 650. 58.582.92(M) 3.579 Female = 174.868 Mixed = 4.366 261.820.HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL INTRODUCING | NATIONAL RURAL SUPPORT PROGRAMME Credit Disbursed Amount Disbursed Loans to member # of COs Covered / Credit Groups Rs.487 Male = 82.040 .

HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL INTRODUCING | NATIONAL RURAL SUPPORT PROGRAMME Credit Disbursed (by Gender) Credit Line Male % Female %  Agricultural Inputs  Livestock Development  Enterprise Development  Small Infrastructure as Individual Enterprise (SIIE) 19% Agricultural Inputs – 66% Livestock Development – 15% Enterprise Development – 19 SIIE – 0.26% 97 46 34 85 3 54 66 15 0% 66% 15% .

015 2. of Insurance Cases Total No.681. of Beneficiaries Men Women Premium Collected (Rs.683.012 3.778.593 13.629 136.629 928 1.160 283.020 Total No. of Claims Received at HO Claims Approved Claims in Process Claims Rejected No.) Total No.045 16. of Person Insured 1.890 2.746.364.276. of Claims Reimbursed to the Clients Amount Reimbursed (Rs.HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL Micro Health Insurance Programme Total No.150 13.382.) .730 1.

471 6.871 7.143. of Unorganized Households No.869 3.342 224 No.009 475. of LSOs Total Households Number of Organized Households No.995 657.451 17.824 34.756 2. of Paid Staff .LSOs Number of Districts No.HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL Social Mobilization . of Member Organizations in LSO No.995 14.365 31.058 2. of COs Men Women Mix LSO General Body Members Men Women LSO Executive Body Members Men Women 30 409 1.600 4.504 11.414 2. of VDOs No.

03 74.90 137.68 63.93 1000 500 0 2002-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 .HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL Social Mobilization . of LSOs 188.32 27.71 22.LSOs Amount Transferred (million) Financial support for office cum training centers As grant for Target Poverty Alleviation (TPAC) As Credit Revolving Fund From NRSP (millions) As Credit Revolving Fund from other Donors As CIF for Credit LSOs & VSOs Trend 1500 No.

552.494 55.096 112.650 65.993 Women 193.260 1.334 160 7.237 890 7.732 3.JSDF Project SSS Workshops Gender & Development Total Community Total Staff Grand Total Men 87.683 93.189 356 769.352 .521 181 3.465 414.180 1.374 282 736.HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL Human Resource Development Trainings CMTP NRMTP Social Sector Training Programme (SSTP) PITD EDTP Vocational Training Programme (VTP) Occupational Training Programme (OTP) Seminars Refresher Courses Activist Workshops Subject Specialist Workshops Appropriate Technology Training Exposure Visits Capacity Building Support to LGO 2001* World Bank .071 11.156 11.472 1.579 215.066 31.403 44.626 103.466 77.106 15.185 21.372 0 4.172 47.309 235.359 Total 280.590 168.168 56.156 179.150 19.849 16.253 784.318 50.962 160 3.312 58.563 638 1.758 1.927 767.505.403 46.484 19.035 2.148 27.984 34.635 3.144 2.223 56.559 55.896 122.666 31.

372 168.683 Total 215.579 Subject Specific (NRM) 112.189 .896 Female 93.334 414.GO BACK Activist Workshop Male Activist Workshops Refreshers 122.374 235.494 3.096 7.590 11.563 179.962 SSS Workshops 55.

962 6. Culverts.536 1. Lift Irrigation Schemes.171 3. Check Dams.574 699.796 1.853 1.997 7.052.731 898 10.000 1.133 1.660 281.HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL Community Physical Infrastructure Schemes Schemes Initiated Beneficiary HHs Drinking Water Supply Agriculture Communication Sewerage and Drainage Others* Scheme Completed Beneficiary HHs Drinking Water Supply Agriculture Communication Sewerage and Drainage Others* 11.728 3.904 6 2 43 5.700 6.605 1.992 3.904 6 25. Street Soiling.341 7.021 7.053 3.589 740.744 42 5. etc) .931 603 759 331 229 6.744 42 5.943 304.231 987. Karez.972 2 43 1.698 10.962 24.956 10.516 1.692 (*Link Roads.087 4.311 4.077 569 701 189 5.529 1.469 677 229 5.997 7.

050 398.708.812 COs 204 1.738 17.665 3.HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Programme Inputs Activities Mini Dam Established Dug wells Drip irrigation system Ponds Biogas plant installed Energy Efficient Stoves Solar Geyser Solar LED light units installed Animal & Poultry Vaccinated * Saplings Planted ** Poultry Units Pest Control Medicines (Kg) Improved Seed Arranged *** (Kg) Quantity 366 1.585 3.806 63 1.228 124.379.723 H/H 972 2.567 160 972 4.112.914 36.380.845 160 1.436 1.848.867 63 534 268 1.888 6. Wheat.959 35. Oil Seed & Vegetables Seed) . Oat.300 38 321 103 377 57 237 50.575 268 1.037 1.537 49.471 2.487 * inputs taken by CO members/others at cost ** one poultry unit consists of 6 birds *** Maize.213.640 5. Rice.

HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL Natural Resource Management  Prime Minister‟s Livestock Initiative 98 Clinics 98 Veterinary Offices District Livestock Officers To increase meat and milk production through capacity building of farmers .

homeopathic  Capacity building of LHWs DFID sponsored project  Fuel Efficient Stoves  Health camps. IEC. Sanitation weeks etc .HARNESSING PEOPLES’ POTENTIAL Social Sector Services  Community Schools  Punjab Education Sector Reforms Project (PESRP)  Education Sector Reforms Assistance (ESRA/USAID)  Northern Education Project ( Government Schools)  Basic Health Units Pilot Project  Quality Education for All  TBAs Training  Munawar Memorial .cataract operation  TOT in basic health .

000 housing units • Community Physical Infrastrucure rehabilitation • Livelihood and recovery projects .NRSP As a Relief and Reconstruction Organisation • Provided immediate relief to the earthquake affected persons in AJK – collaborated with over 20 international and local organizations • Damage assessment and payment for over 37.

NRSP Beyond RSP work • Ghazi Barotha Taraqiati Idara • • • • Punjab Rural Support Programme RSPNetwork Khushhali Bank Sindh Rural Support Organisation .

NRSP as a Support Organisation for other RSPs  Prepares concept paper/proposal  Selects sponsors  Registration  Recruitment and training of staff  Corporate matters for initial period  Financial management systems .

NRSP and linkages • • • • • • • • Vocational training programme NRM training programme Model Union Council Food department for sale of wheat TBAs training and health camps Local government Khushhal Pakistan Project Sugarcane productivity enhancement project .

Shore Bank.NRSP Thematic Working Areas Institutional Development and Advocacy • Community empowerment by establishing and nurturing the grass root level Community Organizations LSO & VDO formation NRSP‟s: 2nd generation Social Mobilization for accelerated social mobilisation and community empowerment PPAF capacity building for program outreach. Barani Village Development Project – strengthening NRSP‟s social mobilization expertise in the specific issues of the rain-fed areas of Punjab Dera Ghazi Khan Rural Development Project – building NRSP‟s capacity for working in poor and remote Districts of Southern Punjab USAID . • • • • • • • . IRM‟s Higher Studies programme to provide a highly-skilled workforce to meet the RSPs‟ personnel requirements Field-testing the Poverty Scorecard. and NRSP-PPAF liaison for poverty elimination. an innovation that will ensure inclusion of poorest households in programme expansion. providing institutional support to NRSP Microfinance Bank.

Shore Bank International. • „Support to Poor and Vulnerable Households in Inaccessible Areas Devastated by the Earthquake‟ Project: World Bank • Building community members‟ capacities for seismic resistant housing reconstruction: World Bank • Mobile MCH Service in Turbat: Government of Balochistan • „Poverty Scorecard‟ to identify the poorest households for future programme expansion: NRSP • Health care provision and education: UNICEF and Munawar Memorial Hospital (Chakwal) • Flood relief in Turbat and Sindh: NRSP.NRSP Thematic Working Areas Social Protection and Humanitarian Works • NRSP Housing Project for former bonded labourers in District Hyderabad: C-GAP. • Credit innovations for destitute households in Bahwalpur Region: Goat „share-rearing‟ programme for widows and Rohi Handlooms Project (GoPunjab) • „Advancing Microfinance for Post-Disaster Economic Reconstruction‟ project for extremely vulnerable households: NRSP. Rotary Club. Nayya Qaddam Trust and NRSP • Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour from the Glass Bangles Industry in District Hyderabad – NRSP and ILO. Government of Balochistan . ILO and Federal Ministry of Labour and Manpower • Relief and Rehabilitation Project for earthquake affected areas: NRSP and PPAF • Post Disaster Livelihoods Reconstruction for extremely vulnerable households in AJK: NRSP and Oxfam Novib (Netherlands) • Prosthetic limbs for amputees in AJK: Jaipur Foot.

• Rehabilitation of Women‟s Livelihoods in Marginal Areas: NRSP and IFAD • „Agribusiness Support Fund‟ Project: NRSP and ADB • National Programme for the Improvement of Watercourse Project for improved water use efficiency and enhanced per capita income: Government of Pakistan • Vocational and Business Management skills training programme: NRSP and Oxfam Novib Post-Disaster Livelihood Reconstruction Project. . • Land-based livelihoods improvement through DG Khan Rural Development project. Enterprise Development for Poverty Alleviation • Enterprise Development Program: World Bank • Rohi Handlooms project. • The Prime Minister‟s Special Initiative for Livestock Project. • Vocational skill enhancement programme for employment generation: IRM and ILOTREE project.NRSP Thematic Working Areas Livelihoods • Microfinance provision through NRSP‟s MEDP and UPAP. Bahawalpur: NRSP-GoPunjab project to enhance skills and ensure links to markets • Cash grants and business management skills: NRSP-Oxfam Novib Livelihoods Reconstruction project in AJK. • Sustainable Livelihoods in Barani Areas Project: ADB and Government of Punjab.

RSPN and NGO Integrated Rural Support Programme • Training Traditional Birth Attendants . Health and Sanitation • Preventing Malaria through social marketing of Insecticide Treated Nets • Field Health Clinic management in AJK: UNICEF • Community Health Workers Training Programme in AJK: UNICEF • Community Health Centers established: PPAF • Rehabilitation & Operation of Kario Medical Center in Badin • Establishment of a Birthing Station • Meeting Community needs for eye care in Chakwal: Munawwar Memorial Hospital • Providing Health Service at Village Branches: NRSP • Community-Led total Sanitation Project: NRSP. Jamal Din Wali Sugar Mills and PPAF. Non-Formal and Government Schools in Southern Punjab: PPAF • Non-Formal education and adult literacy centers established for children in the glass bangle industry in District Hyderabad • Revitalizing. • Education Sector Reforms Assistance – Public Community Partnership project in Baluchistan. • Community Schools established in remote areas • Adult literacy programme – NRSP and Pakistan Educational and Research Institute. Innovating and Strengthening Education (RISE) in AJK: USAID • Quality Education for All: NRSP. • Support to Community.NRSP Thematic Working Areas Education • School Council Capacity Building Project: Government of Punjab PESRP • Increasing Community Participation in Education in AJK.

Islamabad Dr. Kishwar Naheed Mr. Government of Pakistan. Shoaib Sultan Khan Mr. Jehangir Khan Tareen Mr. Shahida Jaffery Mr. Muhammad Azam Khan Mr. Tariq Masud Mr. Bashir Ahmed Mr. Fazlullah Qureshi Mr. Safdar Hussain Kazmi Dr. Rashid Bajwa. Government of Pakistan. Islamabad Secretary LG&RD. Muhammad Nazar Memon Dr.BOARD OF DIRECTORS Mr. Saeed Ahmed Qureshi Ex-officio Directors Secretary Finance. Islamabad Secretary P & D. Humayun Khan Dr. Government of Pakistan . Parvez Masood Ms. Arifa Anwar Mr. CEO .

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