This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
BY Dr. Abba Zakari Umar Head of DFID Northern Nigeria 24th May 2011
•Kano state was created on 27th of May 1967 •Population 2006 census 9,383,682 (5,725,116 in 1991)•Population increased by 61% in 15 years! • Males 52.63% and females 47.37%
• Metropolitan population 3,628,861 (approx 39%)-rapid urbanisation/pollution
• N/Kano 3,143,899 and S/Kano 3,410,922 •Highest Population Growth Rate 9.38% (National 3.2%)
Land Area 20,131 km2 , ranked 20th of 36 states The state has more than 18,684 square kilometres (92.81%) of cultivable land and is the most extensively irrigated state in the country
Environment: Very high air pollution in metropolitan Kano, largely contributed by the motorcycles (Solution: reposition the business).Waste disposal facilities inadequate
GDP 2007 estimates Kano Lagos appr $12.4 billion $33.7 billion Note that Kano has more population than Lagos but has less than half the GDP
Johannesburg in S/Africa has $110 billion GDP Population of London Approx 7.7 million, but GDP $565 billion!
Kano Grade 4 children averaged 10% in English and 13% in Maths tests Fewer than 4 in 10 Kano children complete basic education
1,620 Kano primary teachers’ competence tested at Grade 4 level: not one scored >75%.
4 out of every 5 Kano teachers scored between 0% and 25%.
In 8 Kano LGAs, there are more than 100 children per primary classroom. 4 out of every 10 classrooms lack a useable blackboard.
1/2 primary schools and 1/4 JSS have no water. 200 primary children per toilet in Kano State and 1,200 per toilet in Nassarawa LGA.
Percentage of deliveries in health facility – 8.4% (national 35%) Births attended by skilled health worker – 12.7% (39%)
Maternal mortality – 1025 per 100,000 (545)
Infant mortality – 91per 1000 live births (85.8)
Tuberculosis incidence – 660 per 100,000 (295)
Business Environment- Tax Administration: Current Situation
I. Untapped revenue potential. Only 13% of its recurrent revenue is internally generated and dependence on the Federation Account is almost total. [Compare: Lagos (63%), Sokoto 46.6%, Ogun 27.5% ,
Ondo 16% and national average 15%]
inefficiently managed revenue agency- with a weak administrative and enforcement structure, barely able to perform its basic functions.
Multiplicity of taxes: with reportedly over 150 taxes, levies and other charges being imposed mostly on small business.
Land Administration: Current Situation
•Land admin procedures: cumbersome and vulnerable to malpractices
•Secure titles exists for less than 3% of land, preventing the
poor and businesses from using it to raise finance and denying the state an opportunity to raise property-related revenues •The time and cost of obtaining construction permits and utility connections is huge delaying land development
Investment Promotion and Facilitation: Current Situation
I. II. Inadequate information on the state’s investment policy Objectives/strategy to guide the state ministry of commerce’s investment promotion operation is lacking
Poor governance, direction and support for investment
promotion operations Lack of full range of investment promotion functions Lack of useful or useable (information) product and service delivery
Meat and Leather Industries
• Leather is the highest non – oil revenue generating sector in Nigeria • Industry revenue as of 21st Century is in the range of 600 – 700 m USD annually. Mainly from industries in Kano • About 40 – 50% of the row leather is imported from sub-saharan Africa – as far as Sudan and Somalia • Undeveloped Finished Leather Goods industry – over 30 million pairs of shoes imported from China alone (up to $300 miilion)– opportunity to develop the sector and generate revenue for Kano
• Meat sector is worth about 1.5 trillion Naira annually – a large chunk of this is from Kano state • It is basically small scale, cash based, unregulated sector • Employs about a million people nationwide and about a quarter of this from Kano • There are problems of meat quality, hygiene, and meat storage and transported systems • High level meat end users (hotels, airline, super makrkets) import meat from south Africa and Brazil – due to poor hygienic quality of Nigerian meat
• There is an opportunity to improve the animal husbandry, herd productivity, inspection (pre and post mortem), processing, and transportation
Good governance practices
•A positive area of reforms is that multi-year planning and budgeting systems are in place which can be used to deliver government priorities. •Although in some areas weak financial management systems fall below international standards - most MDAs do not receive budgeted funds. •Absence of performance management systems for both organisations and individuals - how is success identified?
DFID Nigeria: History and Political Context The Department for International Development (DFID) – the UK government’s international development ministry DFID has worked in Nigeria since the return to civilian rule Major, cross-party, UK commitment to international development – target of 0.7% of GNI on overseas aid by 2013 Current budget for Nigeria is £140 million per year. This will rise to £305 million per year by 2014. Aid is controversial – need to demonstrate real results from our growing investments.
Total economy is one twentieth the size of UK’s economy, with many more people Nigeria has a quarter of the continent’s extreme poor. The country has the most poor men and women after India and China More than 100 million Nigerians (64%) live on less than £1 a day. Nigeria now has 10% of the world’s children out of school. 10% of the world’s child and maternal deaths, and 25% of global malarial cases.
60% of 6-17 year old girls in northern Nigeria are not in school Unless progress is made in Nigeria, Africa will fail to
How DFID works in Nigeria Federal and State level work. Offices Abuja, Kano, Lagos, Enugu. 5 focal states currently – Kano, Kaduna, Jigawa, Lagos, Enugu Plan to expand to 3 more states in the north, and expand engagement in existing states. DFID designs, funds and oversees a series of programmes, operated by contractors selected by competitive tender. Programmes designed in consultation with partners to support Federal and State Governments’ development priorities.
How DFID works in Nigeria Main programmes in Kano State are: •Economic growth/jobs-GEMS •Education-ESSPIN •Health Partnership-PATHS2 •Governance-SPARC and Justice for All •Civil society-SAVI
Summary of DFID support to KanoEducation
• Water for 22,500 children • Toilets for 12,000 children • 11,050 girls receiving Conditional Cash Transfers for
enrolment and attendance
• 4,800 children and 1,620 teachers assessed • 7,000 days head teacher and teacher training
• Training teams, QAA, Advisory Services, materials
• 300 SBMCs established • 2,000 community members trained • 11,500 government staff training days • N42,000,000 School Grants paid
Summary of DFID support to KanoHealth
Supported the development of prioritised and costed Kano State Strategic Health Development Plan.
Deferral and Exemption (D&E) and Community Health Insurance (CBIS) as health financing options. Agency and 329 HFs supported with drugs and consumabl Drug and Medical Consumables Supply es worth over N550 million. Established 329 local health committees across the 44 LGAs.
Summary of DFID support to KanoGovernance
• Developed a Financial Management Information System for improved accounting and reporting. Accurate accounts could be produced within PAC timetable. • Improved financial management systems for central control of government funds – all dormant bank accounts closed and bank accounts reduced to one per MDA. • Supported KnSG’s plan for Vision 20:2020 – considered by the National Planning Commission as the best in Nigeria.
Summary •DFID has a track record of successfully supporting states to improve services and reduce poverty. •DFID and its programmes can help Kano State Government to achieve its development objectives. •We are keen to discuss how best to support you.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.