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Presenters: Leolita T. Flores & Dolores P. Aranas Kidapawan City, Philippines
INDUSTRIAL / COMMERCIAL USERS .
ENGINEERING PRACTICES WATER REUSE AND RECYCLING Factors considered: • Identification of water reuse opportunities • Determination of the minimum water quality needed for the given use • Identification of waste water sources that satisfy water quality requirements .
factors continued… • Determination of how water can be transported to the new use • Evaluation of water quality degradation resulting from the use • Determination of treatment steps that might be required to prepare for the water recycling .
POTENTIAL INDUCTRIAL APPLICATIONS (for reuse and recycling of water) • Cooling water recirculation (use of ozone to treat cooling water) • Rinsing (iodizing water to remove contaminants from products and equipments) • Implementation of efficient landscape irrigation practices .
. the seasonal and hourly patterns of water use.BEHAVIORAL PRACTICES • MONITORING -provides baseline information on qualities of overall company water use. and the quantities and quality of water use in individual processes.
AGRICULTURAL USERS .
g. FIELD PRACTICES • -techniques that keep water in the field. or encourage the soil moisture • e. furrow diking to prevent runoff & leveling the land to distribute water more evenly . distribute water more efficiently across the field. • Chiseling of extremely compacted soils.ENGINEERING PRACTICES • 1.
checking pumping plant efficiency and scheduling irrigation . Strategies: measuring rainfall. determining soil moisture.• 2. MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES • .monitoring soil and water conditions and collecting information on water use and efficiency • Mgt.
or constructing a tailwater recovery system . installing surge irrigation.• 3. retrofitting a well with a smaller pump. SYSTEM MODIFICATION • -making changes to an existing irrigation system or replacing an existing system with a new one (*require purchase of equipment) • Typical system modifications: adding drop tubes to center pivot system.
g. • Better Irrigation Scheduling and. • e. • Careful choice of irrigation application rates & timing .BEHAVIORAL PRACTICES • Behavior Changes in Agricultural water users can be applied to irrigation application rates and timing (may be without modifying existing equipment).
HOME USERS .
• Low flush toilets.g.ENGINEERING PRACTICES • Plumbing. Replacement of existing plumbing equipment that uses less water (Low-Flow Plumbing Fixtures) • e. Faucet Aerators. pressure reducing valves. low flow showerheads Toilet displacement devices & Gray water use .
shaving or soaping • Adjusting water level of washing machine to match the size of load • Turning off hose in between rinses while washing the cars. • Cover swimming pools while not in use • Sweeping sidewalks instead of hosing .BEHAVIORAL PRACTICES • Use of dishpan with water rather than running the water continuously • Turning off faucet while brushing teeth.
…that’s all folks !!! .