NATIONAL SPATIAL PLANNING FRAMEWORK

Prof. Budhy Tjahjati S. Soegijoko 28 Januari 2012

Main issues faced in Indonesia’s development • Inter-regional imbalances • Concentration of manufacturing industries in economic growth centers in Java • Unequal infrastructure development and availability • Inhibition of strategic and fast growing areas development • Underdeveloped border regions and outer islands .

conflicts of use emerged.Spatial Planning to Support Regional Development • National/regional development plans need to be complemented with spatial dimension (spatial plans). . 3. failed to be implemented. the intended spatial plans for those above mentioned zones. conflicts between the sectoral spatial plans to not fourth of an integrated and synchronized spatial plans. There is no synchronization of spatial plans to the different levels of government. The spatial plans that were prepared do not match the existing land use and vice versa. 2. • However. 1. weak faced with sectoral development. Spatial development practices currently adopted are very biased toward sectoral development programs.

Procedure and Manual. marine resources not been optimally utilized.Prevailing Issues in Spatial Planning • The lack of the complete government regulation mandated by the spatial management law and adopted Norm. small islands spatial management issues have not been addresses properly conflicting marine and coastal space utilization. • Low capacity of institutions and human resources responsible for spatial management. inhibiting the implementation of spatial planning or management at present. functions and responsibilities of the institution. • Low quality of spatial plans produce so far quality of the database. . unclear specification of roles. focusing on land issues. • The current spatial plans are more land-based. • Absence of legal security of plan implementation and lack of coordination among the relevant institutions. Standard. coastal. Marine.

there were two regulations on city development created by the Dutch Colonial government. Ministry of Home Affair Regulation No. • Regulation prepared related to spatial management before the adoption of Law No.Legal Responses to Spatial Planning Issues • After the Independence. By that time.Urban development ordinance) and the SVV (Stads Vorming Verordening – Urban development ordinance implementation) in 1948. Joint Regulation Ministry of Home Affairs and Ministry of Public Works on duty and responsibility in urban planning (1985) 4. 24/1992 on spatial management include among others: 1. several efforts had been under taken at spatial management. Presidential Instruction on the formation of Jabotabek Metropolitan region in 1976 2. 7/1987 on Urban Plan Preparation guideline 3. Ministry of Public Works Decision on Urban Spatial Planning (1986) . namely the SVO (Stads Vorming Ordonantie .

The two laws were never designed. equality. Government Regulation No. justice and legal protection. Government Regulation No. these are: 1.Planning Laws and Regulation in Spatial Management . Government Regulation No. harmony.. 24/1992 • Mandated the stipulation of 2 (two) other laws and 11 government regulations. (1) Law No. sustainability. 47/1997 on National Spatial Plan 3.. effectiveness. openness. efficiency. compatibility. detail and accuracy for regional spatial plan preparation • Principles in spatial planning namely: inequity. and from the 11 government regulation only 3 (three) were produced. 10/2000 on map scale. . 69/1996 on implementation of citizens rights and obligations as the format and procedure for community participation in spatial planning 2.

(2) Law No. Explicit indications on the authority of central. Among others these are: 1.. Explicit statements on the contents of regional spatial plans at each level of government administration regional spatial plans.Planning Laws and Regulation in Spatial Management .. • Aspects of spatial management are institutional legal technical and social aspects. 26/2007 • Adding new stipulations and regulations. . • The need of complementarity among the plan documents the enforcement of minimum service standards implementation placed more attention on the importance of environmental sustainability linkages between the spatial and development plans and programs. 2. provincial and local district.

Spatial Planning Regulatory System .

Legal Framework and Institutions for Spatial Management .

3. National spatial plan. Criteria and mechanism for formulating defense territory spatial plan 4. 5.Legal Basis • The Indonesian spatial management law is on effort to accommodate development and protection in the national space in anticipation of the complex problems and issues related to space utilization. . 26/2007 on spatial management. Operational regulation of Law No. Spatial management of natural resources including land. Level of accuracy of maps for spatial planning. 2. • A better space management in the future is expected to take place through the implementation of this law. water. • Six Government Regulation decreed by Law 26/2007 1. Form and mechanism of community participation. air as natural resources. 6.

Classification of Spatial Planning Classification based on Ps. PLANNING STRATEGIC VALUE OF AREA NATIONAL STRATEGIC AREA Ps. 5 ayat (5) PROVINCIAL STRATEGIC AREA CITY/DISTRICT STRATEGIC AREA . PLAN REGION ACTIVITY URBAN AREA SPAT. 5 ayat (1) URBAN INTERNAL SYSTEM MAIN FUNCTION OF AREA CONSERVATION AREA Ps. 5 ayat (3) PROVINCE SPAT. 5 ayat (2) CULTIVATED AREA ADMINISTRATIVE REGION NATIONAL SPAT. PLAN CITY/DISTRICT SPAT. PLAN Ps. PLANNING Ps. 4 SYSTEM REGIONAL SYSTEM Ps. 5 ayat (4) RURAL AREA SPAT.

PL PROVINCE SPATIAL PLAN REGION PROV STRATEGIC AREA SP DISTRICT STRATEGIC AREA SP DISTRICT SPATIAL PLAN DISTRICT DETAIL SPAT. PLAN METROPOLITAN SPAT. STRATEGIC AREA SPAT. PLAN URBAN AREA SPATIAL PLAN IN DISTRICT URBAN CITY AREA SPATIAL PLAN CITY SPATIAL PLAN CITY STRATEGIC AREA SP CITY AREA DETAIL SP .Product of Spatial Planning GENERAL SPATIAL PLAN DETAIL SPATIAL PLAN ISLAND SPATIAL PLAN NATIONAL SPATIAL PLAN NAT.

Administration of Spatial Management Regulatory Arrangement of Spatial Plan Space Utilization SUPERVISION Control over Space Utilization OBSERVATION .

Mechanism to Legalize Regional Regulation on Provincial Spatial Plan Revision .

Mechanism to Legalize Regional Regulation on District/ Municipality Spatial Plan Formulation Revision .

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