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INTRODUCTION

Efficient working of wastewater treatment plant depends upon the accuracy of design of wastewater treatment plant. Sewage Treatment Plants (STP’s) and Effluent Treatment Plants (ETP’s) essentially work on certain well-established principles. Economics of construction is a major factor in construction of any wastewater treatment facility

COST ANALYSIS

For the design of waste water treatment plant we need to know: Initial construction cost Annual operation cost Maintenance cost

COST ANALYSIS

While preparing a cost estimate consider the following points: • Both capital and annual cost be reported • All cost estimates be referenced to some cost index (as costs are changing so rapidly & also to allow effective cost comparisons to be made in the future)

**Engineering News- Record Construction Cost Index
**

Current value of index Current cost = --------------------------------------- x Cost cited in report. Value of index at time of report

Projected future value of index Future cost = --------------------------------------- x Current cost. Current Value of index

Source: U.S Environmental Protection Agency

DEVELOPING COST CURVES FOR TANKS

The analysis and structural design of all types of tanks is carried out by using “SEPL- Tank” software. All the tanks are designed using this single software, hence uniformity in the results is also expected. The outputs given by “SEPL Tank” are then fed into a spreadsheet prepared in “Microsoft Excel” to work out the quantities.

METHODOLOGY

Selection of Shape and Size

Analyze Circular, Square and Rectangular shaped reactors for their cost.

**Identification of all possible sizes of the components
**

Work out the maximum size of a tank that can constructed for a STP.

Materials and Specifications

METHODOLOGY

The rates used for calculation of the cost of a tank can be taken from Schedule of Rates of respective State PWD. The rates taken include the following sub heads: Cost of Materials Cost of Labor Nominal Carriage Contractor’s profit Over head charges and Contingencies.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

DEVELOPING COST CURVES FOR MECHANICAL EQUIPMENTS For ASP we consider the cost of following equipments: Equalization Basin Settling Tank and Clarifloculator Fixed Aerators/ Floating Aerators Clarifier Pumps

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CIVIL STRUCTURES

Circular Tanks Square Tanks Rectangular Tanks

**ESTIMATES OF QUANTITIES OF CIRCULAR TANKS Rates as per Rajasthan Schedule of Rates:
**

Cement Concrete M 25 P.C.C (1:4:8) Steel (Fe 415) Shuttering Excavation = Rs 2,367.00 per m3 = Rs 18.50 per kg = Rs 910.00 per m3 = Rs 73.00 per m2 = Rs 26.50 per m3

CIRCULAR TANKS

Geometry of circular tanks to be considered: • Diameter of tank • Height of tank • Wall thickness • Length of toe • Length of heel • Thickness of toe and heel • Thickness of base lab

Dia of Tank (m)

Depth of Tank (m)

Capacity Total Cost ( m3 ) Rs (lacs)

Cost/Lite r

2.00

3.00 4.00

1.70

2.20 2.70

5.34

15.55 33.93

0.10

0.21 0.34

1.90

1.36 1.01

5.00

10.00

3.20

3.20

62.83

251.33

0.52

1.37

0.83

0.55

A graph is then plotted between capacity (in cubic meter) and cost (Rs in lacs) and the equation for best-fit curve is obtained.

COST FUNCTIONS FOR CIVIL WORKS

COMPONENT

Circular Tanks Square Tanks Rectangular Tanks Aspect Ratio 1.5 Aspect Ratio 2

FUNCTION

C=0.0256 V0.7430 C=0.0320 V0.7776

REGRESSION COEFFICIENT

0.9962 0.9863

C=0.0364 V0.7709 C=0.0339 V0.7998

0.9864 0.9907

C=Cost in Lacs, V=Volume of Reactor in m3

**COST FUNCTIONS FOR MECHANICAL EUIPMENTS
**

COMPONENT FUNCTION REGRESSIO N COEFFICIEN T

0.9073

Fixed Aerators

C= 0.3512 H 0.6405

Floating Aerators

Clariflocculator Mechanism Clarifier Mechanism Clarifier Scraper Arm

C= 0.9718 H 0.4597

C= 0.8213 D 0.7394 C= 0.6274 D 0.7749 C= 0.3107 D 0.8098

0.9433

0.9769 0.9547 0.9767

Centrifugal Pumps C= 0.0828 H 0.9794 D= Dia0.9746 C= Cost in Lacs, H= Horse power of equipment, of Clarifier in m

CONCLUSIONS

Circular tank is most economical in construction cost. As Aspect ratio of a Rectangular tank increases its cost also increases.

CONCLUSIONS

Designers should also add local variations like: Land acquisition rates, development of site, additions for piping and interconnecting paths, drains, lighting and laboratory equipments etc.

Energy requirements for construction costs and for maintenance, labor, parts and supply costs are also reported.

THANK YOU

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