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Under the guidance of B. Hariprasad Naik M.E. Presented by Raghuvaran Reddy (08C11A0476)

An E-Ink is a display device that possess a paper-like high contrast appearance, ultra-low power consumption, and a thin, light form. It gives the viewer the experience of reading from paper, while having the power of updatable information.


Electronic paper was first developed in the 1970s by Nick Sheridon. First electronic paper, called Gyricon, consisted of tiny, statically charged balls that were black on one side and white on the other. The "text" of the paper was altered by the presence of an electric field, which turned the balls up or down.

What is E-Ink?

The basic material used in the E-paper display is ELECTRONIC INK. Electronic ink is a proprietary material that is processed into a film for integration into electronic displays.




Digital Readability Manufacturability


Comparison with other Displays

Readability Comparison Portability Comparison Power Consumption Comparison

Readability Comparison
The E Ink display sample with touch screen is nearly three to six times brighter and has more than twice the contrast of the LCDs measured. In fact, the contrast of E-Ink is notably greater than that of a printed newspaper.

Portability Comparison

Power Consumption Comparison

Comparison with LCD

Electronic ink Display Wide viewing angle
Black on paper white Readable in sunlight

Liquid Crystal Displays Best image only from one position Gray on gray
Can be difficult to see

Holds image without power drain

Required power to hold images

Electronic ink display Plastic or glass Light Weight Thin (~1 mm) Liquid Crystal Displays Glass only Power supply and glass make LCDs relatively heavy Thick (~7 mm)


Electronic paper watch Paper thin digital clock E news paper Mobile display solutions Sinage

Electronic Paper Watch

Paper Thin
Digital Clock

E-news Paper

Mobile Display solutions



Versatility Lightweight Flexibility Scaleable Low Risk Manufacturing

Superior look Paper-Like Readability Ultra-Low Power Consumption Reduced eyestrain

The technology to make the e-ink realizable is already available in its initial form. The rapid rate at which the technology is developing suggests that this is feasible.