ART STYLE of ERA Byzantine Art Early Middle Ages Art - Romanesque Art Medieval Gothic Art

narrow and solemn faces There was no attempt to portray realism in sombre Byzantine Art .one dimensional.The early Middle Ages art style was referred to as Byzantine Art. There was no perspective There were no shadows Figures in Byzantine Art were generally depicted front-facing Byzantine Art featured long. The style of Byzantium Art was characterised by:          Pietistic painting (religious art) Artists were members of religious houses such as monasteries There were no sculptures as these were looked upon as a form of idolatry Sombre tones Byzantine Art was totally flat .



Middle Ages art saw changes which included:  Brighter colors  Sculptures  Metal work in the form of bronze art  Middle Ages art in the form of stained glass windows  Move towards realism  The development of perspective and proportion in Middle Ages art  The use of shadows and light  New ideals of naturalism  Creation of a sense of pictorial space  The use of symmetry in Middle Ages art  Changes in subject matter including the depiction of animals and mythological scenes . The artists and painters were founders of the movement towards greater realism which culminated in the Renaissance art style. It developed into Gothic and Middle Ages visual art.The Later Middle Ages saw the emergence of Gothic Art and the advances of art in the Middle Ages. During this period artists broke away from the influences of the Byzantium and Romanesque art style.


the exact date of birth is unknown  Family connections : He was the son of Nicolo di Betto Bardi. a wool merchant in Florence  Career: Donatello was apprentice to Ghiberti in Florence  One of his patrons was Cosimo de Medici. 1466 .Short Biography profile and facts about the life of the Sculptor Donatello The following biography information provides basic facts and information about the life and history of Donatello a famous Medieval character of the Middle Ages:  Nationality: Italian  Also Known as : Donato di Niccolo di Betto Bardi  Lifespan: 1386 .  Date of Death: Donatello died on December 13.1466  Date of Birth: He was born in 1386.

terracotta and wood  Donatello was one of the first Renaissance artists interested in the Classical art and architecture of ancient Greece and Rome and became the first artist of the Renaissance to create a nude statue  Donatello invented a technique known as schiacciato.Trivia Donatello was a forerunner of humanistic expression and worked towards creating a system of perspective  Donatello produced sculptures in marble. bronze. or shallow relief. which achieved effects of spatial depth  .


David was the chosen subject of the statue as he had become a symbol of the Florentine Republic. reminiscent of the Roman heroes of antiquity reflecting the interest that Donatello had in classical art.  Made of bronze  (circa 1440s)  . Florence. The height of the bronze statue of David by Donatello is 158 cm. In the statue of David by Donatello David wears a crown of leaves.Donatello Art – David The David by Donatello in Museo Nazionale del Bargello.

Milan. George C. 1417  White marble  209x67 cm  Meseo Nazional dell Bargello.St. Italy  .

George.  More significantly is the relief below of st.  It is destined for a space on the outside of the church of Or San Michele in Florence. calm yet alert.Donatello worked on this sculpture of St.  Donatello portrays St. lifelike figure. watching wanly lot approaching danger. commissioned by the guild of armourers whose patron saint it represents. this is the earliest known example of the new science of perspective being used to create a believe space for the figures to inhabit. George as a heroic.George killing the dragon.  .


Italy Family connections : He was the son of a goldsmith Early Life and Education: Well educated Career:  1392: Lorenzo Ghiberti was admitted into the "Silk and Gold" Guild and started his apprenticeship as a goldsmith  Lorenzo Ghiberti received his early training in the workshop of Bartoluccio  1398: Lorenzo Ghiberti passed his examination and became a guild master goldsmith  1401: Filippo Brunelleschi and Lorenzo Ghiberti won a competition designing the bronze doors of Baptistery of Florence Cathedral ○ This work featured the panels of the Sacrifice of Isaac .1445 Date of Birth: He was born in 1380 in Florence.Short Biography profile and facts about the life of Lorenzo Ghiberti Nationality: Italian        Also Known by the Nickname: Lifespan: 1380 .

The Bronze doors had 10 panels depicting scenes from the Old Testament . 23 of which showed the life of Christ. John the Baptist. This first set of Bronze doors took Lorenzo Ghiberti 21 years to complete 1414 . These bronze doors had 28 panels. Florence. Florence.DID YOU KNOW???       1403: Lorenzo Ghiberti was awarded the contract in preference to Brunelleschi and started work on the set of Bronze Doors to North Doors of the Baptistery of San Giovanni. 'I Commentari' includes his commentaries on Vitruvius and Pliny the Elder and his own autobiography Date of Death: Lorenzo Ghiberti died in 1445 .1416: Lorenzo Ghiberti completed a bronze statue of St. the patron Saint of Florence 1424: Lorenzo Ghiberti completed the first set of bronze doors 1425-1452: Lorenzo Ghiberti started work on the East Doors of the Baptistery of San Giovanni.the beautiful doors are referred to as 'The Gates of Paradise' 1447-1455: Lorenzo Ghiberti wrote 'I Commentari' in three books.


Florence. Italy  .The story of Jacob and Esau 1425-1452  Bronze  40x40cm  Opera del Duomu.

 He conveys a psychological relationship between the figures in order to give a feeling of authenticity to the scene.  .The story of Jacob and Esau is one scene from the cycle of the Old testament used for Ghilberti’s second set of doors. He includes numerous episodes from the same narrative as if they are occurring concurrently: the setting is beautiful architectural structure.

. These Bronzes.  We can almost hear the conversation between the three women at the bottom left . and feel the unease of the woman on the far right as she watches her son’s blessing. which synthesized expression and drama with movement and lucidity.

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