Scientific Notation

Let’s face it: Numbers go to infinity.

TO INFINTY
That way

…and it is a pain in the butt to write out
really really really big numbers.
“One Trillion”:
1,000,000,000,000
“One Google”:
10000000000000000000000000000000000
0
00000000000000000000000000000000000
0
0000000000000000000000000

Wait, wait…
How about one-google times three-google?

3000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000000
000000000000000

Wait, wait……what about really really small
numbers?
three-hundreths: .03
How about the OPPOSITE of google…”1
googlenth”:

0.0 0000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000001

Have no fear!!!
We have EXPONENTS to help us out!

SCIENTIFIC NOTATION: a way to write
really large numbers without hurting
your hand.
Try these in your calculator:
103

104

105

109

103 = 1000
104 = 10000
105 = 100000
9
10 = 1000000000

Scientific Notation is taking any number
and multiplying it by 10 with an exponent.

4000000000 = 4 • 1000000000
Much
easier
!

=

4 • 10

9

Try some:

Scientific Notation ?

400000000000 = 4 • 100000000000 = 4 • 1011
3000000 =

3 • 1000000

= 3 • 106

200000000 =

2 • 100000000

= 2 • 108

34500000 =

345 • 100000

= 345 • 105

Scientific Notation involves a decimal
number sometimes.

34500000 = 3.45 • 10000000

Calculate it !!
That is
7
Scientific 3.45 • 10
Notation !

How to do it.
Count how many places you move the
decimal until you get next to the last digit.

45600000000000
That is your power of 10
Now put a decimal next to the number, and write
any other non-zero numbers, and times it by the
power of ten you counted.

4.56 • 10

13

What about really really small numbers ?
It works the same way, except with negative
integers.

.00000000000056

5.6 • 10

-13

“13 places”

REVIEW
To change numbers from scientific notation
to regular ….
if the power of ten is positive, just move the
decimal to the left to make it a big number.
if the power of ten in negative, just move
the decimal to the right to make it a really
small number.

Multiplying Scientific Notation

It is easy to multiply scientific notation
numbers.
Por Ejemplo:
Just multiply the numbers
and 10’s separately

(2.34 • 10 )(4.5 • 10 )
3

5

(2.34 • 4.5) (103 • 105)

(10.53 • 10 )
9
8

Now put it in
scientific notation

Try it in your calculator:
Type in :
.00000000000056
then hit enter….

When dividing them, just divide the numbers
and ten’s separately:

(3.45 • 105)
(4.5 • 106)
5
3.45
10

4.5
106

.76

10
=
= 7.6 • 10-2
-1

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