A PRESENTSTION ON “ENERGY THEFT IN THE ADVANCED METERING INFRASTRUCTURE”

PRESENTED BY KUMAR ANIKET (2008UEE119)

CONTENTS
 INTRODUCTION  LOSSES IN POWER SYSTEM

 MODES OF ELECTRICITY THEFT
 THEFT IDENTIFICATION METHODS  AUTOMATIC METER READING

 POWER LINE COMMUNICATION
 DETECTION OF ELECTRICITY THEFT  MODELING OF DETECTION SYSTEM  SMART METERS  PROVISION FOR ELECTRICITY THEFT  ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF AMR

000 crores in the year 2009-10. where population is very high and the users of electricity are ultimately tremendous In India the losses are currently 29 percent of the total generation which equals 45. Electricity theft can be detected by AMR via power line communication .Electricity Theft is a very common problem in countries like India.

Theft of power is energy delivered to customers that is not measured by the energy meter for the customer . and losses in kWh metering  Non-Technical Losses : It occurs as a result of theft. metering inaccuracies and unmetered energy.LOSSES IN POWER SYSTEM  Technical Losses : It includes resistive losses in the primary feeders. distribution transformer losses resistive losses in service drops.

MODES OF ELECTRICITY THEFT  Meter Tampering  Magnetic Interference  Switching the Energy Cables at the Meter Connector Box  Using the External Phase Before Meter Terminals .

THEFT IDENTIFICATION METHODS  Financial Rewards  Periodic Checks  Meter Readers .

or generates an electronic. digital code that translates to the actual reading on the meter dials.AUTOMATIC METER READING AMR is a technique to facilitate remote readings of energy consumption through digital communication. In most cases. the meter that is used in an AMR system is the same ordinary meter used for manual reading but the difference with conventional energy meter is the addition of some device to generate pulses relating to the amount of consumption monitored. .

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. Power line communications has many new service possibilities on the data transferring via power lines without use of extra cables.POWER LINE COMMUNICATION Power line communications take place over the same lines that deliver electricity. This technique involves injecting a high frequency AC carrier onto the power line and modulating this carrier with data originating from the remote meter or central station.

DETECTION OF ELECTRICITY THEFT .

MODELING OF DETECTION SYSTEM .

SMART METERS Smart meter is usually an electrical meter that records consumption of electric energy in intervals and communicates that information back to the utility for monitoring and billing purposes.  Time-based pricing  Net metering  Loss of power notification  Remote turn on / turn off operations  Energy prepayment  Power quality monitoring  Tamper and energy theft detection .

 Phase unbalanced alarm – detects tampering with the electricity wires.THEFT DETECTION FEATURES OF SMART METERS  Meter cover open alarm – immediately reports on the opening of the smart meter. .  Reverse current alarm – detects rewiring of the meter causing the current to flow in the reverse direction (may cause the meter to count back if not taken care of).

DETECTING UNMETERED CONSUMPTION .

DETECTING EXCESSIVE LOAD .

PROVISION FOR ELECTRICITY THEFT  Focus on Revenue Realization rather than Criminal Proceedings  Theft Punishable with Imprisonment  Punishment Provision for Abetment of Theft  Penalties linked to the Connected load and Quantum of Energy and Financial Gain involved in Theft  Special Courts .

no more estimates  Improved billing  Improved security and tamper detection for equipment  Power quality monitoring  More accurate .ADVANTAGES OF AMR  Accurate meter reading.

details of use reveal information about user activities  Reduced reliability  Increased security risks from network or remote access  Meter readers losing their jobs .DISADVANTAGES OF AMR  Loss of privacy .

NO. 2009  Eduardo Werley S. “ Detection and Identification of Abnormalities in Customer Consumptions in Power Distribution Systems”. OCTOBER 2004  A. Osvaldo R.gov. “Identification and Detection of Electricity Customer Behaviour Irregularities ”. VOL.REFERENCES  Hakki Cavdar.H.2011  cercind. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY.Nizar. Saavedra. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY. 26.pdf . “A Solution to Remote Detection of Illegal Electricity Usage via Power Line Communications”. Carmona Cortés.. and André Nunes de Souza. 4.in/08022007/Act-with-amendment. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY. 4. NO. VOL. dos Angelos. Omar A. 19. OCTOBER 2011  Fighting Electricity Theft with Advanced Metering Infrastructure White Paper.

THANK YOU .