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BY, S.S.HARIRAM A.JENSON JENO M.JOSE VINOTH B.

SIVA KUMAR

The main content of our project is to develop

an eco friendly environment by reducing pollution mostly in highly rushed traffics porn areas . We have developed a small change in the earlier design of converters where the inner shell has been slightly modified and bought a platinum coated shell which allows to reduce the emmision and makes the vehicle to run more eco friendly, earlier it was made in heavy vehicles but we have made out in two wheelers

Simply put, catalysts

are substances which, when added to a reaction, increase the rate of reaction by providing an alternate reaction pathway with a lower activation energy (Ea). In biochemistry, catalysts are known as enzymes

The catalytic converter was invented

by Eugene Houdry , a French mechanical engineer and expert in catalytic oil refining who lived in the U.S. around 1950. Catalytic converters were further developed by a series of engineers including John J. Mooney and Carl D.Keith creating the first production catalytic converter in 1973

Catalytic converters are

found in automobiles. Their role is to reduce to emissions of harmful gases (CO, VOCs, NOx) that are the result of the combustion of fuel in vehicle engines

Catalyst Layer Open

Porous Structure With Support Materials of High Thermal Stability Mounting Materials With Improved Durability High Cell Density Ceramic or Metallic Substrates

1 Catalyst Layer Containing Platinum and Rhodium,


2 Ceramic or Metal Substrate

Chemical reaction : 2 CO +O2 -------> 2 CO2 2 C2H6 + 7O2 ----> 4CO2 +6 H2O 2 NO + 2 CO -------> N2 +2 CO2

Most modern cars are equipped

with three-way catalytic converters. "Three-way" refers to the three regulated emissions it helps to reduce -- carbon monoxide, and NOx molecules .
The converter uses two different

types of catalysts, a reduction catalyst and an oxidization catalyst. Both types consist of a honeycomb-shaped ceramic structure.

The main salint features for the working is the

catalytic converter. The emmision taking place in the engine will be lebarated through the exhaust valve and then goes out into the atmosphere here the exhaust from the engine is taken into the converter of platinum filled shell which absorbs the exhaust toxic gases and then goes to the environment which will almost emmits the gases coming out , which will reduce the gases of 80% of what exhausted than the earlier .

The rear most Lambda

sensors are not used to adjust the engine mixture but simply to identify the performance of the Catalytic Converters .

Used in vehicles to reduce the emmision .

Used as a non-toxic agent.

Used to reduce the toxic gases


High efficincy of performances Low cost

High durability of core working

We construct a project successfully. On

completing the project we come to a conclusion that constructing a mechanical project is a good experience. This project will surely make a change in the environment by running such kind of eco friendly vehicle which make the world to stay more longer.

Thank you for making our ideas to

share with you.