Elections and Technology: Citizen Inclusion, Investment and Opportunities

Dismas Ong’ondi Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission

Background
IREC (Kriegler Commission) Findings  The voter register was “materially defective” and probably included the names of over 1.2M deceased persons  There were serious delays in tallying, recording, transcribing and transmission of results which contributed to the explosive political climate  Electoral Commission replaced with two Interim Commissions: IIEC and IEBC

The Constitution of Kenya, 2010
 

Chapter 6- Leadership and Integrity Chapter 7- Representation of the people
– – –

Part 1: Electoral System and Process Part 2: IEBC and Delimitation, Articles 88-90. Part 3: Political Parties
IEBC Act, Elections Act, Political Parties Act Finance Campaign Bill

Various Acts and Bills
– –

Elections and Technology
INSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHENING & PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT LEGAL REFORM ARCHIVING & RESEARCH CONSTITUTION LEGISLATION ELECTORAL BODIES

AUDITS & EVALUATIONS

VOTERS’ LISTS UPDATE OFFICIAL RESULTS COMPLAINTS & APPEALS TABULATION OF RESULTS

CODES OF CONDUCT

BUDGETING, FUNDING & FINANCING

POST ELECTION

LEGAL FRAMEWORK

ELECTION CALENDAR RECRUITMENT & PROCUREMENT

VERIFICATION OF RESULTS THE ELECTORAL CYCLE

PLANNING & IMPLEMENTATION

LOGISTICS & SECURITY

VOTE COUNTING VOTING SPECIAL & EXTERNAL VOTING

VOTING OPERATIONS & ELECTION DAY

TRAINING & EDUCATION

OPERATIONAL TRAINING FOR ELECTION OFFICIALS
CIVIC EDUCATION

ELECTORAL CAMPAIGN
CAMPAIGN COORDINATION

VOTER REGISTRATION

VOTER INFORMATION

BREACHES & PENALTIES

PARTY FINANCING
MEDIA ACCESS

VOTER REGISTRATION OBSERVER ACCREDITATION PARTIES & CANDIDATES

CODES OF CONDUCT

Elections and Technology 1. Pre-election
AUDITS & EVALUATIONS

INSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHENING & PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT LEGAL REFORM ARCHIVING & RESEARCH

CONSTITUTION LEGISLATION ELECTORAL BODIES

VOTERS’ LISTS UPDATE OFFICIAL RESULTS COMPLAINTS & APPEALS TABULATION OF RESULTS

CODES OF CONDUCT

BUDGETING, FUNDING & FINANCING

POST ELECTION

LEGAL FRAMEWORK

ELECTION CALENDAR RECRUITMENT & PROCUREMENT

VERIFICATION OF RESULTS THE ELECTORAL CYCLE

PLANNING & IMPLEMENTATION

LOGISTICS & SECURITY


    

Integrated systems for internal VOTING VOTE OPERATIONS & operations COUNTING ELECTION DAY GIS for delimitation, security and VOTING vulnerability mappings. ELECTORAL SPECIAL & Social media for voter education CAMPAIGN EXTERNAL VOTING Election calendars CAMPAIGN COORDINATION Accreditation of observers, agents, PARTY FINANCING BREACHES & reporters, etc. PENALTIES MEDIA E-learning systems??? ACCESS CODES OF
CONDUCT

TRAINING & EDUCATION

OPERATIONAL TRAINING FOR ELECTION OFFICIALS
CIVIC EDUCATION

VOTER REGISTRATION

VOTER INFORMATION

VOTER REGISTRATION OBSERVER ACCREDITATION PARTIES & CANDIDATES

Elections and Technology 1. Campaign
AUDITS & EVALUATIONS

INSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHENING & PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT

CONSTITUTION LEGISLATION

  LEGAL REFORM

VOTERS’ LISTS UPDATE OFFICIAL RESULTS COMPLAINTS & APPEALS TABULATION OF RESULTS

High-tech VR systems (BVR) ELECTORAL BODIES Registration of citizens residing ARCHIVING & outside the country RESEARCH CODES OF  GIS for CONDUCT BUDGETING, electoral planning and FUNDING & FINANCING navigation LEGAL POST ELECTION ELECTION CALENDAR  FRAMEWORK Candidates Nominations
RECRUITMENT & PROCUREMENT

VERIFICATION OF RESULTS THE ELECTORAL CYCLE

PLANNING & IMPLEMENTATION

LOGISTICS & SECURITY

VOTE COUNTING VOTING SPECIAL & EXTERNAL VOTING

VOTING OPERATIONS & ELECTION DAY

TRAINING & EDUCATION

OPERATIONAL TRAINING FOR ELECTION OFFICIALS
CIVIC EDUCATION

ELECTORAL CAMPAIGN
CAMPAIGN COORDINATION

VOTER REGISTRATION

VOTER INFORMATION

BREACHES & PENALTIES

PARTY FINANCING
MEDIA ACCESS

VOTER REGISTRATION OBSERVER ACCREDITATION PARTIES & CANDIDATES

CODES OF CONDUCT

    

Electronic Voter Identification System INSTITUTIONAL Election Watch – observations, STRENGTHENING & PROFESSIONAL progress monitoring, incident DEVELOPMENT AUDITS & reporting. EVALUATIONS LEGAL REFORM Collection, Tabulation andLISTS ARCHIVING & VOTERS’ RESEARCH Transmission of results UPDATE OFFICIAL External Voting RESULTS POST Results preservation and retrieval. ELECTION
COMPLAINTS & APPEALS TABULATION OF RESULTS

Elections and Technology
CONSTITUTION LEGISLATION ELECTORAL BODIES

CODES OF CONDUCT

BUDGETING, FUNDING & FINANCING

LEGAL FRAMEWORK

ELECTION CALENDAR RECRUITMENT & PROCUREMENT

VERIFICATION OF RESULTS THE ELECTORAL CYCLE

PLANNING & IMPLEMENTATION

LOGISTICS & SECURITY

VOTE COUNTING VOTING SPECIAL & EXTERNAL VOTING

VOTING OPERATIONS & ELECTION DAY

TRAINING & EDUCATION

OPERATIONAL TRAINING FOR ELECTION OFFICIALS
CIVIC EDUCATION

ELECTORAL CAMPAIGN
CAMPAIGN COORDINATION

VOTER REGISTRATION

VOTER INFORMATION

BREACHES & PENALTIES

PARTY FINANCING
MEDIA ACCESS

VOTER REGISTRATION OBSERVER ACCREDITATION PARTIES & CANDIDATES

CODES OF CONDUCT

The Electoral Process: Legal Framework

Elections Act, 2011
– – – – –

A10: No voters cards required A 22-A34:Nominations and Elections A40: Voter Education Accreditation: Observers, Agents, Reporters, etc A 44: Use of appropriate technology in the electoral process Registration of Political Parties Funding and Accounts of Political Parties

Political Parties Act, 2011

Benefits to real people

“Election nights have been robed of their old glamour and palpable tension” – Lukoye Atwoli

Opportunities
   

Falling costs of technology Techno-savvy population Existing public goodwill and trust Supportive legal framework
– –

Permanent and Independent Commission Use of appropriate technology in elections

 

Diaspora registration and voting Integration of ICT for internal operations

Challenges
    


Expanded scope of elections Inadequate infrastructure Lack of focus on synergies Network interconnectivity Cost of high-tech and sustainability Political, logistical, security issues, etc Insufficient national ownership

Growth Areas

Promotion of local enterprises – cybercafes, developers, mobile applications, network providers, etc – (SMS) Contribution to peace and development

Coping with expanded scope …

“It is enough that the people know there was an election. The people who cast the votes decide nothing. The people who count the votes decide everything.” – Joseph Stalin

Thank You!

“It is enough that the people know there will be an election. The people who cast the votes will decide everything. Every vote counts!” – IEBC

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