Network Topologies

BY-ADIL REHMAN BHAT

Terminology • Networking – consists of computers. • • 1. Topology – (from the Greek word topos meaning place) is a description of any kind of locality in terms of its layout. wiring. switches. Logical Topology . and routers that make up the network infrastructure. and other devices. There are two ways to describe a network topology. such as hubs. Physical topology 2.

Terminology Client – a computer that allows a user to log onto the network and take advantages of the resources on the network. . Server – Much more powerful computer that provides centralized administration of the network and serves up the resources that are available on the network.

Client/Server Client/Server network operating systems allow the network to centralize functions and applications in one or more file servers Advantages • Centralized • Scalable • Flexible • Interoperable • Accessible Disadvantages • Maintenance • Expense • Dependence .

Advantages • Less expense • Easy setup • Decentralized Disadvantages • Security • Decentralized .Peer to Peer Each computer acts both as a client and server.

Standard Physical Topologies Bus 2223 Star Ring Mesh .

Bus Topology • Characterized by a main trunk or backbone line with networked computers attached at intervals along the trunk line. • Passive topology • Typically use coaxial cable hooked to each computer using a T-connector. .

Coaxial Cable Connectors .Bus Topology cont.

usually a hub or a switch.Star Topology Computers on the network connect to a centralized connectivity device. .

.Ring Topology • Connects the LAN computers one after the other on the wire in a physical circle. considered an active topology. • Moves info on the wire in one direction.

Mesh Topology • All nodes are directly connected with all other nodes. . • Very difficult to setup and maintain. • Best choice when fault tolerance is required.

Standard Logical Topologies • The way in which data accesses the medium (cable) and transmits packets. • There are only two: Ring and Bus .

• Used for very fast networks • No collisions • Susceptible to faults . This is done by way of a ‘token’.Logical Topology: Ring In the ring logical topology only one node can send information across the network at any given time. and if it has data to send. it will do so. Once it has sent the data. it passes the token to the next station. Each terminal receives this special packet.

Logical Topology: Bus Each time a node on a network has data for another node the sending node broadcasts to the entire network. • Collisions (two stations transmitting at once) have to be dealt with. • Stations can always transmit. • Less susceptible to breaks. .

Selecting a Topology Needs: Do you need very high speeds? Will you be moving really large files? Geography: How far is it between stations? Will you be relocating stations often? Maintenance: Do you want something (relatively) painless? Cost: Are you on a budget? Do you want replacement parts easily accessible? .

Thank you! Questions? .