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. To prohibit monopolistic and restrictive trade practices. This law was enacted: To ensure that the operation of the economic system does not result in the concentration of economic power in hands of few To provide for the control of monopolies.    The MRTP Act extends to the whole of India except the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

  The MRTP Act. . Clauses (b) and (c) of Article 39 of the Constitution lay down that the State shall direct its policy towards ensuring:   that the ownership and control of material resources of the community are so distributed as to best serve the common good. 1969 has its genesis in the Directive Principles of State Policy embodied in the Constitution of India. and that the operation of the economic system does not result in the concentration of wealth and means of production to the common detriment.

1969 empowers the MRTP Commission to enquire into monopolistic or restrictive trade practices upon a reference from the Central Government or upon its own knowledge or on information. The MRTP Act.  Section 10 of the MRTP Act. 1969 also provides for appointment of a Director General of Investigation and Registration .

1969 and Regulation 119 of the MRTP Commission Regulations.  The MRTP Commission receives complaints both from registered consumer and trade associations and also from individuals either directly or through various Government Departments. 1974. Conducting preliminary investigation in terms of Sections 11 and 36C of the MRTP Act. .

36B(b). 10(a)(ii). 36B(c) and 36B(d)  Restrictive Trade Practices   Unfair Trade Practices  . 36B(a). 10(a)(iii) and 10(a)(iv) Under Section 36(A). Monopolistic Trade Practices  Under section 10(b) Under Section 10(a)(i).

2005. during the period April. 2005 to December 2005. Out of these. In pursuance of this provision. . 1969 requires every agreement relating to Restrictive Trade Practices falling within one or more of the categories enumerated in Section 33(1) of the Act to be furnished for registration within 60 days of the making of such agreement. by various undertakings. particulars of 39. 7 agreements were received for registration.116 agreements were entered in the Register of Agreements.993 agreements were filed up to the end of 31st December. A total number of 39. The same were registered and entered in the Register of Agreements.   Section 35 of the MRTP Act.

monopolistic and unfair trade practices as and when an order of preliminary investigation is received from the MRTP Commission . Investigation  The Director General is required to conduct preliminary investigation in respect of restrictive.

 The consumers have been organising themselves into consumer bodies all over the country to safeguard the public and consumers' interest against unfair trade practices being indulged in by parties through misleading advertisements. marketing goods which do not conform to standards of safety etc . organisation of sale promotion contests. bargain-sales.

Ministry of Law & Justice.  Before the Supreme Court/ High Courts  . Before the Commission  The Director General is the custodian of public interest in the enquiry proceedings before the Commission and he has to appear in person or through his counsel to safeguard the public interest before the Commission The Director General has been appearing in all the required Appeals/ Writ Petitions before the Supreme Court and High Courts through the counsels appointed by the Central Agency Section Litigation Branches of the Department of Legal Affairs.

The complainant may be compensated for his loss. The Director General of the MRTP commission would carry on the investigation for finding facts of the case. The commission restricts and restrains the concerned party from carrying on such practices by granting temporary injunction. Then the final order is passed. an order is passed to its effect. If the prima facie case is not made. the complaint is dismissed.     Complaint is filed either by the individual consumer or through a registered consumer organization. . If the compliant is true.