Presentation on

ROBOTICS
by
Yogiraj.P

My Sincere Thanks To
Electronics and Communication Engineering HOD Mr. B.Kranthi Kumar Internal Guide: Ms. S.Rajitha

Table Of Contents
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Introduction Definition Laws of Robotics Components of robots Control Types of Robots Advantages Applications Future scope Conclusion

Introduction

What is robotics?

Robotics is the science or study of the technology associated with the design, fabrication, theory, and application of robots.

What are robots?

Robots are a mechanical device that sometimes resemble a human and is capable of performing a variety of often complex human tasks on command or by being programmed in advance.

Definition Of Robotics:

According to the Robot Institute of America (1979) a robot can be defined as:

"A reprogrammable, multifunctional manipulator designed to move material, parts, tools, or specialized devices through various programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks".

Laws Of Robotics:
I LAW:  A robot may not injure a human being or, through in action, allow a human being to come to harm. II LAW:  A robot must obey the orders given to it by human beings, except where such orders would conflict with the First Law. III LAW:  A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Laws.

Components of Robots

Power Source
Actuation Sensing Manipulation Locomotion

Components of Robots

Power Source:
Lead- acid batteries (main source) Other sources:  Hydraulics (compressed liquids) Pneumatic (compressed gases) [4]

Components of Robots
Actuators:
 

Muscles of a robot

Convert potential energy into kinetic energy
Electric motors are the most widely used

Components of Robots
Sensing:

Most robots of today are nearly deaf and blind. Sensors can provide some limited feedback to the robot so it can do its job
The sensor sends information, in the form of electronic signals back to the controller. Sensors also give the robot controller information about its surroundings Differenr sensors are used for vision, touch , and detection using RADAR, SONAR technologies

Components of Robots

Manipulation:

Pertains to robots that work in the real world which require some way to manipulate objects. Robot manipulator –movable chain of links interconnected by joints. One is fixed to the ground and a hand or end effector which moves freely in space is attached to the other end.

Components of Robots

Locomotion:

-Rolling -Walking

Other methods of locomotion:

-Flying

-Climbing -Snaking (Land/Water)

Control

Mechanical structure of a robot must be controlled to perform tasks.

 -

There are three distinct phases in robot control: Perception Processing Action

Control Theory: A theory that deals with influencing the behavior of dynamical systems.

Types Of Robots:
The robot's application alone does not provide enough information when talking about a specific robot.       Stationary robots Mobile robots Autonomous Robots Remote-control Robots Virtual Robots BEAM Robots

Advantages

Quality/Accuracy/Precision Efficiency/Speed/Production Rate Ability to Work in Environments that are Inhospitable to Humans Freedom from Human Limitations:

Applications
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Outer Space The Intelligent Home Exploration Military Robots Farms Industry Hospitals Disaster Areas Entertainment

Future Scope

In the near future, robots will not be a complex machine, but equipment or machinery to be utilized in every day life. The near future advanced robots will be utilized to assist in carrying out long distance medical treatment including surgery, diagnosis, and other medical treatment. Robots will be introduced into parts of human beings, such as intellectual insertion in the brain, which will enhance memory and improve ideas in the mind. The next concentration for modern robots will be biomimetics

Summary/Conclusion

In today’s society we find most robots working for people in industries, factories, warehouses, and laboratories. They are useful in many ways. They boost economy because businesses need to be efficient to keep up with the industry competition. Robots do better and faster jobs than humans, e.g. robot can built, assemble cars, assist in research and industry. As technology improves, there will be new ways to use robotics which will bring new hopes and new potentials.

References
[1] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robotics [2] Robotics: About the Exhibition. The tech museum of innovation. Retrieved 2009-11-28 [3] Wettels N, Santos VJ, Johansson RS, et al. (2008). Biomimetic tactile sensor array. Advanced Robotics, 22,829-849. [4] Imitation of Life: A history of the first robots [5] Swimming snake robot: http://wwwrobot.mes.titech.ac.jp/robot/snake/acm-r5/acm-r5_e.html

Questions?

Thank You !!!

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