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BY Shailja Yadav
Company name: Videocon telecommunication LIMITED
History of company What is GSM? GSM history GSM services GSM architecture GSM techniques GSM channels
: Venugopal Dhoot 4/7/12 Dhoot Headquarters Mumbai.History of company Type Industry Founded Founder(s) : Public : Conglomerate : 1979 : Nandlal Madhavlal : Aurangabad. India Key people (chairman) .
Global System for Mobile communications. GSM 900 (global system for mobile communications in the 900 MHz band) 2. DCS 1800 (digital cellular system for the 4/7/12 1800 MHz band) .WHAT is GSM? GSM is a standard for a Global System for Mobile communications. Two main standards are followed: 1. a mobile phone system based on multiple radio cells (cellular mobile phone network).
WHAT is GSM? Global (CONTD) system for mobile (GSM) is a second generation cellular standard developed to cater voice services and data delivery using digital modulation. the number of GSM subscribers 4/7/12 has increased by a staggering 10 fold. Since 1997. The . Today’s GSM platform is a hugely successful wireless technology and an unprecedented story of global achievement.
• Full set of specifications phase-I4/7/12 became available in 1990. • Presently the responsibility of GSM standardization resides with special mobile group under ETSI ( European telecommunication Standards Institute ). .GSM HISTORY • Developed by Group Spéciale Mobile (founded 1982) which was an initiative of CEPT ( Conference of European Post and Telecommunication ).
GSM HISTORY Year 1982 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 (CONTD) Milestone GSM formed Field test TDMA chosen as access method Memorandum of understanding signed Validation of GSM system Pre-operation system Commercial system startup Coverage of larger cities/airports 4/7/12 Coverage of main roads .
GSM SERVICES • Tele-services • Bearer or Data Services • Supplementary services 4/7/12 .
or incoming calls Call Forwarding .All calls.Put a caller on hold to take another call Call Barring . Call Waiting Basic services provided by GSM . outgoing calls.Notification of an incoming call while on the handset Call Hold .Calls can be sent to various numbers defined by the user Multi Party Call Conferencing 4/7/12 .
incoming telephone number displayed Alternate Line Service .Advanced Features Provided by GSM Calling Line ID .call by dialing last for numbers Advice of Charge .one for personal calls .tally of actual costs of phone calls Fax & Data .one for business calls Closed User Group .Virtual Office / Professional Office 4/7/12 .
GSM ARCHITECTURE 4/7/12 .
GSM ARCHITECTURE OMC (CONTD) MSC/VLR BSC A BSS C Um MS HLR/ AUC F EIR H SC/VM MSS E MSC/VLR PSTN ISDN PSPDN BTS Abi s 4/7/12 .
Mobile Station ( MS ) Mobile Equipment • Portable. hand held device • Uniquely identified by an IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identity) transmission • Voice and data • Monitoring power and 4/7/12 . vehicle mounted.
Mobile Station (MS) (CONTD) Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) • Smart card contains the International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI) • Allows user to send and receive calls and receive other subscribed services • Protected by a password or PIN • Can be moved from phone to phone – contains key information to activate the 4/7/12 phone .
Base Station Subsystem (BSS) Base Transceiver Station (BTS) • Encodes. • Frequency hopping 4/7/12 . modulates and feeds the RF signals to the antenna. encrypts. multiplexes.
Base Station Subsystem (BSS) (CONTD) Base Station Controller (BSC) • Manages Radio resources for BTS • Assigns Frequency and time slots for all MS’s in its area • Handles call set up • Transcoding and rate adaptation functionality • Handover for each MS • 4/7/12 .
Network Switching Subsystem(NSS) Mobile Switching Center (MSC) • Heart of the network • Manages communication between GSM and other networks • Call setup function and basic switching • Call routing • Billing information and collection • Mobility management • Registration • Location Updating • Inter BSS and inter MSC call handoff 4/7/12 .
by HLR database Controls those mobiles roaming in its area Reduces number of queries to HLR 4/7/12 Database contains IMSI.Network Switching Subsystem(NSS) (CONTD) • Home Location Registers (HLR) § § permanent database about mobile subscribers in a large service area (generally one per GSM network operator) database contains IMSI. • Visitor Location Registers (VLR) § § § § Temporary database which updates whenever new MS enters its area. Location . TMSI. MSISDN. MSRN. supplementary services. MSISDN. roaming restrictions. prepaid/postpaid.
Network Switching Subsystem(NSS) (CONTD) • Authentication Center (AUC) § Protects against intruders in air interface § Maintains authentication keys and algorithms and provides security triplets ( RAND. Kc) § Generally associated with HLR • Equipment Identity Register (EIR) . The § Only one EIR per PLMN 4/7/12 .Database that is used to track handsets using the IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identity) Black List and the Gray List § Made up of three sub-classes: The White List. SRES.
4/7/12 .GSM Interfaces The connections shown in pink are various interfaces.
GSM MULTIPLE ACCESS TECHNIQUES 4/7/12 .
Each of the providers buys Still all the channels even if 4/7/12 . used together could not provide for all the consumers of the network thus the channels are further multiplexed.FDMA Divide available frequency into channels each of same bandwidth some of these channels and thus the bandwidth for a provider is decided.
conversation uses one timeslot. each 4/7/12 .TDMA Different signal energies are distributed into different timeslots. Each channel is divided into timeslots. So the useful signal is passed only in the specified timeslot.
Logical channels Time dependant virtual channel carried on a 4/7/12 single physical channel. . Each carrier comprises of 8 time separated channels.GSM CHANNELS Channels are divided into two categories: Physical channels The individual channels carried by radio frequency carrier.
Control / Logical channels Control channels are divided into three classes. and dedicated control channels (DCCH). common control channels (CCCH). 4/7/12 . based on how and when they are used: broadcast channels (BCH).
OU Y NK HA T 4/7/12 .