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As our current world has entered the era of international communication and advanced technology, there are more and more chances for engineers and technical professionals to convey technical information in English for various purposes. Engineering students need to be equipped with
– adequate writing ability so they can communicate technical information clearly on at least a basic level.
The goal of this topic (writing skill) is
– to train students in writing clear, concise and effective English.
Syllabus Outline, this topic consists of four stages:
– – – – Preparation stage Tools Acquisition Stage Summary writing stage Composition stage
Writing Skill: preparation stage This is the stage for building up students' confidence or reshaping their perceptions of English writing. consists of at least 100 words (about 10 lines) • Hint: use the words and structures you are familiar with . To start with. write a few short essays on topics you are very familiar with – Write an essay about your home.
Writing Skill: preparation stage Make a journal – – To see your own progress This journal is to be submitted in the end of this writing skill topic .
The principle of this stage. is to make students get familiar with a few basic essential tools that can enhance their sentence clarity in technical writing. however.Writing Skill: Tools Acquisition Stage Many grammatical constructions are important for writing good English. .
Kennedy) . it cannot save the few who are rich." (John F. Also known as a dependent clause.Writing Skill: Tools Acquisition Stage Use of Subordinate Clauses Definition: A group of words that has both a subject and a verb but (unlike an independent clause) cannot stand alone as a sentence. Example: "Memory is deceptive because it is colored by today's events." (Albert Einstein) "If a free society cannot help the many who are poor.
suppose (that). as. because. soon after. seeing (that). whenever. even though. if.Writing Skill: Tools Acquisition Stage Formally. wherever. even when. while. unless. granted (that). no sooner complex conjunctions:: there are three subclasses: derived from verbs : provided (that). where. until. even if. although conjunctive groups: as if. subordinating conjunctions can be grouped as follows: simple conjunctions: when. . considering (that). as though.
4) As motor racing goes green. Formula 1 is .Writing Skill: Tools Acquisition Stage Exercise 1. the other people in the room turned to see who had done it. identify the subordinate clauses and the subordinating conjunctions. 2) When Constance sighed. 3) Because the dog barked incessantly at night. he didn't have to wait. the neighbors finally lodged a complaint with the town board. then explain the relationship expressed in each sentence. 1) Since Jim arrived early.Below is a list of complex sentences.
Wind resistance is reduced. It reaches a pre-set temperature. 1) The water is heated. 2) Copper is highly conductive. .Combine two sentences or a set of isolated ideas into one sentence by using appropriate subordinating conjunctions.Writing Skill: Tools Acquisition Stage Exercise 1. It is used for electric wiring. 1) New racing bicycles have disc wheels. As copper is … it is used for electric wiring.
Write an essay about the metamorphosis of any insect by using subordinate clauses. 3. . Do not forget the rule. Submit your work today to Mr.Study about “Relative Clauses”.Writing Skill: Tools Acquisition Stage Exercise 1.Study about “Parallelism”. and parallelism. that you have to make a journal of your writing practice. Dayat in the Lecturer and Administration room. 2. relative clauses.
→ relative pronoun That is the reason why we met him.Writing Skill: Tools Acquisition Stage “Relative Clauses”. Relative clauses can be useful tools for defining and qualifying nouns instead of putting a long list of technical nouns or adjectives before a noun. Example: A girl is talking to Tom. → relative adverbs . Do you know the girl? Do you know the girl who is talking to Tom? → relative pronoun I was invited by the professor whom I met at the conference.
they can achieve it. Example: – – "They are laughing at me. By convention. Failure to express such items in similar grammatical form is called faulty parallelism. If they can conceive it and believe it. The Simpsons) "Today's students can put dope in their veins or hope in their brains. an -ing form with other -ing forms. They must know it is not their aptitude but .Writing Skill: Tools Acquisition Stage “Parallelism”. not with me. items in a series appear in parallel grammatical form: a noun is listed with other nouns." (Bart Simpson. and so on.
Writing Skill: Summary writing stage A summary is condensed version of a larger reading. Many benefits from summary writing practice: Students can focus on language skill in spite of the content of the text. use your own words to express briefly the main idea and relevant details of the piece you have read. To write a summary. grammar guides and sources of new vocabulary. The chosen texts can also serve as sort of model writing. Several techniques that are important in summary writing: .
i.Writing Skill: Summary writing stage A good paragraph is a mini-essay. A good paragraph is characterized by unity.e. Introduction. Make sure each sentence . and adequate development. Unity: State the main idea of the paragraph in a clearly constructed topic sentence.e. Body. should demonstrate 3 components: 1. a topic sentence 2. supporting details 3.. Conclusion or a transitional sentence to the paragraph that follows. i. coherence..
Most likely can not include all the important ideas mentioned to jot down the main points in note form and then link them clearly into concise sentences in the students' own words.Writing Skill: Summary writing stage How to write a summary? Students tend to copy sentences exactly from the original article and put them together when they write summaries → lose opportunity to practice their writing skills. A better way to make a summary is .
The most commonly-used meats .Writing Skill: Summary writing Exercise Summarize the following article about Thais and their cuisine in not more than 120 words. The staple food is rice which is the base for most meals. Thais give a great deal of thought and time to the planning and preparation of their meals. and rarely would a household repeat the same dish within a fortnight. There is an infinite variety of recipes from which they can choose.
A typical household would serve a simple breakfast of egg or porridge. Dinner is more elaborate where .Writing Skill: Summary writing Exercise A possible answer: Thais have such a great variety of food to choose from that a typical household rarely cook the same dishes in a fortnight. A variety of meat. fish and vegetables are used in different ways with rice as the basis for most meals. followed by noodles and dumplings for lunch.
all that man has done is not always to the ultimate advantage of the earth or himself.Writing Skill: Summary writing Exercise Summarize this article about Man and his destruction of wildlife habitat in not more than 120 words Man is forever changing the face of nature. He has been doing so since he first appeared on the earth. in fact. In his struggle to live and extract the most out of life. man has destroyed many species of wildlife. Yet. Man has. and . destroyed more than necessary. directly by sheer physical destruction.
in his pursuit of development has done more harm than good. Their predators are systematically destroyed. Every form of human activity will affect the habitat of the wildlife. many species of wildlife are lost forever.Writing Skill: Summary writing Exercise A possible answer: Man. Man has created an imbalance in the cycle. By destroying the habitat of wildlife directly or indirectly. (120 words ) . By intervening. Therefore. Certain species are able to withstand the changes to the land while others simply vanish. The only preservation done by man is for animals that they consider useful to man. Yet this has in no way increased the number of the protected animals. there is a need to keep a balance between development and preservation because man's future depends very much on this equilibrium.
Some common patterns including: – – – – Writing definitions Writing processes Writing comparisons and contrasts Writing analysis • .Writing Skill: Composition Stage • This is the stage where students practice some common patterns of technical writing with the application of skills taught at previous stages.
.Writing Skill: Composition Stage writing definitions • Writing a definition is frequently used in technical writing. – Extended definition One can write an extended definition by adding extra .) Example: A capacitor is an electronic device that is used to ... There are two kind of definition: – 1 sentence definition The typical form is: ____ is a kind /form/category/device/type of (class) that ( distinguishing feature.
.Writing Skill: Composition Stage writing definitions • – Practice Write extended definitions about these topics electricity. electric coffee pot. refrigerator. and building. microwave oven. television.
describing what happens at each stage and explaining what happens at each stage. next then. Most operational process descriptions follow a chronological order. finally and so on. later.Writing Skill: Composition Stage writing processes • • A process is written to instruct or to inform. subsequently. at this point. afterwards. which can be shown by using sequence words like first. locating the stages. • . A clear description of a process involves sequencing the stages.
First. you will need a sentence • .Writing Skill: Composition Stage writing processes • Look at the diagram showing how chocolate is manufactured. Now you will practice writing a description of the process.
e. This writing technique can be applied when it is necessary to compare and contrast different proposals. computer/ stereo/robot • . and improvement or design change of a conventional product with a new product. – Compare and contrast two generations of a product. solutions to problems.Writing Skill: Composition Stage writing comparison and contrast • We use this type of writing to relate the similarities and differences among things.g. Here are some suggested topics for writing comparison and contrast.
...... Example: It is difficult for foreign students to adjust to life in a new country for several reasons.. statistics and other details. First. examples. . An effective approach to convince others is to support the broad general statements with details by begin with a generalization or topic sentence that covers the whole topic and then substantiate the generalization at a more specific level with facts...Second....Writing Skill: Composition Stage writing analysis Technical writing is used to convince someone of something......
do not plagiarize.Writing Skill: Composition Stage Exercise • Write a technical essay about “safe electrical wiring in homes”. The essay should include – – – – – Definition and/or extended definition A description of process Comparison and/or contrast Analysis Conclusion • • Your essay is to be included in your writing skill . It must be your own writing.
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