WIRELESS NETWORKS

:
EVOLUTION FROM 1G TO 4G
By Mr. Sanjay N Makwana Exam No. 5010

Under the guidance of Prof. K.R.Parmar

OUTLINE
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1. Cellular System Concept 2. First Generation Analog Wireless Cellular System 3. 2G Digital Wireless System 4. 2.5G Wireless Mobile Technology 5. Third Generation System 6. ITU IMT-2000 Family of 3G 7. UTRA FDD 8. UTRA TDD 9. CDMA-2000-MC 10. UWC-136 11. UMTS Architecture 12. Core Issues 13. 4G Wireless Technology 14. Conclusion

CELLULAR SYSTEM CONCEPT .

in 1985.Use 25 KHz radio channel .K. AMPS (Advance Mobile Phone Service) : -First introduced in U. Provide 832 channels 2.First Generation Analog Wireless Cellular System   Transmit only analog voice information Use FDMA Access Technology which uses 30 KHz channels of spectrum each carrying one Telephone ckt.S.First Introduced in U. and 869 to 894 MHz downlink.30 KHz radio channel. TACS (Totol Access Communication System): .890 to 915 MHz uplink and 869 to 894 MHz downlink freq. Types of Analog Cellular System :   1.824MHz to 849 MHz Uplink freq.  . .

Introduced by Motorola in 1991 . NMT ( Nordic Mobile Telephone) : . 3.NMT-900 use higher frequency and low transmitting power .Radio channel is of 25 KHz 4.Use 10 KHz BW for radio channel  .Developed by telecommunication administrations of Nordic countries .NMT-450 use lower frequency(450 MHz) and high Transmitting power . NAMPS ( Narrowband AMPS ) : .

JMCS ( Japanese mobile Cellular System ) : .MCS-L1 operate in 800 MHz band.operate at 450 MHz and channel BW is 20 KHz 7.First started in Germany in 1985 .Used in France and Kuwait   . Channel BW 25 KHz -MCS-L2 operate in 800 MHz band and channel BW is 12.5 KHz 6. CNET . 5.First Launched by Japan in 197 . MATS-E .Combined many of the features used in different cellular system .

2G Digital Wireless System     It use digital radio signals 1G and 2G both use digital signaling to connect radio tower to rest of telephone system Main 2G technologies are TDMA.CDMA and GSM GSM utilizes wider band(200 KHz) carrier frequencies and each support 8 time slots .

Under worse condition digital has occasional dropout . Allowed digital data services like SMS and email 3. Due to digital error checking. Weaker digital signal will not reach a cell tower in less populous area 2. Digital system emit less power so more cells could be placed in same amount of space  Disadvantages : 1. Advantages : 1. sound quality is increased 2.

5G use two technology 1.It is packet linked technology that enable highspeed wireless internet .5G Wireless Mobile Technology  It enable high speed data transfer over upgraded existing 2G network by sending data as packets at very fast speed 2. GPRS ( General Packet Radio Service ): .2.Implemented by adding new packet data nodes and upgrading existing node to provide routing path for packet data between mobile and gateway node   .

 2.Quaternary.Uses same TDMA frame structure and 200 KHz carrier bandwidth as today’s GSM networks using high level modulation .Offset –QAM has been proposed because It provide higher data rates and good spectral efficiency . EDGE ( Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution ): .

System that fulfils IMT-2000 standard is UMTS 3G networks are wide area cellular telephone network evolved to incorporate high speed internet access 3G uses 0.Third Generation System    ITU has defined the demands for third generation mobile network with IMT-2000 standard.5 MHz channel carrier width to deliver higher data rates and increased capacity .

A single family of compatible standard that can be used worldwide .High spectrum efficiency .Support for both packet-switched and circuit switched data transmission . 3G cellular services known as UMTS or IMT2000 has following main characteristics .Data rates up to 2 Mbps ( In stationary mode) .

Services and Speed .

ITU IMT-2000 family of 3G .

UTRA FDD .

UTRA TDD .

CDMA-2000-MC .

UWC-136 .

UMTS Architecture .

Core issues      Expensive input fee for service licenses Expense of 3G phones Lack of buy-in by 2G mobile users for new 3G service Lack of coverage because it is still a new service Lack of member state support for financially troubled operators .

Speeds up to 50 times higher than 3G .This network must be available to users ant time. anywhere . mobile terminal must be able to choose from available wireless networks the one to use with specific service Terminal mobility is key factor to the success of 4G network .Low bit cost is essential where high volume of data are transmitted To be able to use 4G mobile networks.To accomplish multi-service capacity integrating all the mobile technologies that exist .4G Wireless Technology     This technology is expected to be available by 2010 4G being developed with following objectives .

CONCLUSION  The explosive growth of mobile wireless usage and ever increasing need for highspeed data services accelerated the need for the deployment of 3G technologies .

org/w/index.wikipedia. Lecture on ‘3rd Generation Mobile communication System’ (year 2000) Josue Valencia.org/w/index.php?title=1G http://en.org/w/index.php?title=3G http://en.wikipedia.php?title=4G .wikipedia.org/w/index. Ingwolfgang Granzow.php?title=2G http://en. Paper on ‘3G Wireless Technologies’ (year 2000) Ben Patterson. Paper on ‘3G Cell Phone Services’ (year 2008) http://en.References         Mischa Schwartz.wikipedia. Mobile Wireless Communication Cambridge Press Publication Dr.

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