# Design and Fabrication of Mechanical Power Steering

Name of Students
» O.Ramakrishnan » G.Vignesh » P.Murugan » M. Nair Akhil

Guided by
» Mr.S.Ravikumar M.E,M.B.A.,

Aim
• The Aim or Objective of this project is to design and fabricate the pinion of Rack and Pinion Steering Arrangement. • We are altering the size of pinion to make a normal steering act as a power steering.

•Transmit road feel (slight steering wheel pull caused by the road surface) to the drivers hand. . •Absorb most of the shock going to the steering wheel as the tire hits holes and bumps in the road. •Allow for suspension action.Steering System Function of Steering System •Control of front wheel (sometimes rear wheel) direction. •Maintain correct amount of effort needed to turn the wheels.

• There are three types of manual steering gears in use today: recirculating ball. steering input is received from a pinion gear attached to the steering column. and rack-and-pinion. worm and roller. .Summary • In rack-and-pinion steering linkage.

Design Calculation • Design of Spur Gear • Material Selection: Pinion-C15 Steel Calculation of Stress: .

According to the position of axes of the shafts. Parallel 1. Non-intersecting and Non-parallel worm and worm gears . Intersecting Bevel Gear c. a.Spur Gear 2.Helical Gear 3.TYPES OF GEARS 1.Rack and Pinion b.

SPUR GEAR • Teeth is parallel to axis of rotation • Transmit power from one shaft to another parallel shaft • Used in Electric screwdriver. windup alarm clock. washing machine and clothes dryer . oscillating sprinkler.

. • Power transmission is the movement of energy from its place of generation to a location where it is applied to performing useful work • A gear is a component within a transmission device that transmits rotational force to another gear or device .GEAR….

• Tie-rods – Connect the rack to the steering knuckles. .Rack-and-Pinion Steering • Rack – Is a toothed bar in a metal housing that acts similarly to a centre link. • Pinion – Is a worm gear attached to the steering column that transfers movement to the rack.

Rack and pinion • Rack and pinion gears are used to convert rotation (From the pinion) into linear motion (of the rack) • A perfect example of this is the steering system on many cars .

NOMENCLATURE OF SPUR GEARS .

Steering System Basic Rack-and-Pinion Steering .

Helical Gear… .

they can be mounted on perpendicular shafts. adjusting the rotation angle by 90 degrees .Helical Gear • The teeth on helical gears are cut at an angle to the face of the gear • This gradual engagement makes helical gears operate much more smoothly and quietly than spur gears • One interesting thing about helical gears is that if the angles of the gear teeth are correct.

A Rack-and-Pinion Steering System .

Integral Rack-and-pinion system is the most common.Power Steering System Power Steering normally use an engine driven pump and a hydraulic system to assist steering action. . Three major types of power steering systems: •Integral-piston linkage system. •Rack-and-pinion system •Integral power piston. •External power piston. •External power steering system.

•Tie-rods.holds the pinion gear and rack.connects the rack with steering knuckles. .Steering System Basic Rack-and-Pinion Steering •Gear Housing.

.rotated by the steering wheel and steering shaft. •Rack. slides sideways as the pinion gear turns. it’s teeth mesh with the teeth on the rack.long steel bar with teeth along one section.Steering System Basic Rack-and-Pinion Steering •Pinion Gear.

Power Steering System Types .

Pneumatic or Electrical energy. . • We also thank our beloved staff members for the encouragement made to make us use this idea into a successful project.Conclusion • Hence the power steering in automotives can be made into use by simple gear size conversions instead of using Hydraulic.