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G.Krishnakumar Chief Operating Officer-SEEM
The strategy of adjusting and optimizing energy, using systems and procedures so as to reduce energy requirements per unit of output while holding constant or reducing total costs of producing the output from these systems"
Objectives of Energy Management
• The objective of Energy Management is to achieve and maintain optimum energy procurement • and utilisation, throughout the organization and: • • To minimise energy costs / waste without affecting production & quality • • To minimise environmental effects.
Principles of Energy management • • • • • Lowest possible price Energy use at highest efficiency Reuse Recycle Recover Appropriate technology Reduce losses .
Energy management Skills • Managerial • Technical • Interpersonal .
Energy Management Strategy • • • • • • Corporate approach Energy manager Monitoring and Reporting Energy audit Energy Policy Implementation Plan .
• ANSI/MSE 2000-2008 (USA). • IS 393:2005 (National Standards Authority of Ireland). • DS 2403: 2001 (Danish Standard). • VDI 4602/1 Technical rule on Energy Management (Germany) . EN 16001:2009 • SS 62 77 50:2003 (Swedish Standards). • UNE-216301:2007 (Spain).Standards for Energy Management • KATS KSA 4000:2007 (South Korea).
• EN 16001:2009 is build upon existing national standards within Europe (DS 2403: 2001. • European Standard. . SS 62 77 50:2003. Energy Management Systems Specifications of Germany and The Netherlands). management EN 16001 Energy systems – Requirements with guidance for use was published on July 2009. IS 393:2005.Energy Management Standardsctd.
. times and underlying reasons behind current and past energy use. and identifying the exact locations. • EN 16001 is expected to play a role in helping organizations meet the requirements of voluntary energy and GHG emission reduction initiatives.EN160001 • The standard is focused on promoting the analysis of energy usage data.
EN 16001 • EN 16001 follows the proven management and performance improvement process based on the Deming cycle: Plan-DoCheck-Act. .
and action plans. • Organizations shall develop and implement an energy policy. establish objectives. which take into account legal requirements and information pertaining to significant energy use. greenhouse gas emissions and other environmental impacts.Benefits • Implementation of this standard should lead to reductions in energy cost. . through systematic management of energy. targets.
Benefits The Effective Energy Management System can results in: .Improved business performance. .Improvement of productivity.Reduction of energy variation and energy losses. . . .Secure energy supply.
Continual Improvement • This International Standard is based on the Plan-Do-Check-Act continual improvement framework .
EnMS • PLAN establish the objectives and processes necessary to deliver results in accordance with opportunities to improve energyperformance and the organization's policies • DO implement the processes .
EnMS • CHECK monitor and measure processes and product against policies. objectives and the key characteristics of its operations and report the results • ACT take actions to continually improve energy performance .
. • EC act 2001 defines Energy audit as “The verification. monitoring and analysis of use of energy including submission of technical report containing recommendations for improving energy efficiency with cost benefit analysis and an action plan to reduce energy consumption".Energy Audit • Energy Audit is the key to a systematic approach for decision-making in the area of energy management.
maintenance. energy mix Benchmark Technically and economically feasible . labour. energy Cost reduction.Need for Energy Audit • • • • • Expenses-material. productivity Conservation technology.
Types of Energy Audit • • • • Function Type Depth Expectation .
Audits based on Functions .
Preliminary Energy Audit Methodology • • • • • • Consumption Scope of saving Low hanging fruit Reference point Areas for detailed study Data .
Detailed Energy Audit Methodology • Pre Audit Phase • Audit Phase • Post Audit Phase .
Pre Audit Phase Activities • Initial Site Visit and Preparation Required for Detailed Auditing • Discuss with senior management • Tour site a/w technical personnel • Obtain drawings • Analyse consumption with relevant personnel .
Pre Audit Phase Objectives • • • • • • Identify audit team Identify consuming points to be surveyed Identify instrumentation Plan time frame Macro data Awareness meeting .
Detailed Energy Audit Activities • Primary Data Gathering • Cyclical data collection • Investigate energy –material balance .
Identification of Energy Conservation Opportunities • • • • Fuel substitution Energy generation Energy distribution Energy usage by processes .
Energy analysis .
.Energy analysis –ctd.
production process • Maintenance requirements/spares • Upfront investment • Annual operating cost • Annual saving .Technical and Economic feasibility • Availability. quality. reliability. service etc • Impact on safety.
Classification of Energy Conservation Measures • Low Cost-high return • Medium Cost-medium return • High Cost-High return .
Energy Audit Reporting Format .
Energy Audit Reporting Format .
Understanding Energy Costs • Fuel Costs • Power costs .
Benchmarking and Energy Performance • Trend analysis • External benchmarking • fixed and variable energy consumption trends • industry energy performance vs production levels • Identification of best practices .
Gross production related indices Examples • kWh/MT clinker or cement produced (cement plant) • kWh/kg yarn produced (Textile unit • Million kilocals/MT Urea or Ammonia (Fertilizer plant .
Equipment / utility related Examples kW/ton of refrigeration (on Air conditioning plant) kWh/NM3 of compressed air generated .
Matching Energy Usage to Requirement • • • • throttling of a pump damper operations Moderation of chilled water Recovery of energy lost in control valve pressure drops by back pressure • Adoption of task lighting .
furnaces. air compressors. boilers.Maximising System Efficiency • • • • Eliminate steam leakages Maximise condensate recovery Adopt combustion controls Replace pumps. refrigeration compressors. wherever significant energy efficiency margins exist . fans. heaters and other energy consuming equipment.
Quality of Energy Audit .
Quality of Energy Audit .
Energy Audit-Quality .
Fuel and Energy Substitution • Fuel substitution .
Energy Audit Instruments .