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This camera cannot see everything, but it's better than anything else we have available

Presented by Mantri Chaitali S.

Introduction
Used in the detection of abnormalities of the small bowel
Battery powered, vitamin pill size diagnostic capsule Lens, light source, colour video camera, transmitter Approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2001 Mostly Used in Capsule Endoscopy An imaging device used to diagnose diseases and disorders of the gastrointestinal tract

TYPES OF PILL CAMERA

PILL CAMERA SB

PILL CAMERA ESO

PILL CAMERA SB
Size 11mm by 26mm Weight 3.7grams One-side imaging 1.8 magnification Approved by FDA in 2001 140 degree field of view 50000 images in 8 hours

PILL CAMERA ESO


Size 11mm by 26mm Weight 3.7grams Two sided photography 14images per second Approved by FDA in 2004

Movement Of Capsule Through The Digestive System

DATA RECORDER

COMPUTER

Data Acquisition & Storage Of Data On Computer

Data Recorder with pick up antennae & a Computer.

A view of Data Recorder being mounted on a belt pack tied to the patients waist.

Endoscopy Procedure
Capsule is swallowed by the patient like a conventional pill.

It takes images as it is propelled forward by peristalsis.


A wireless recorder, worn on a belt, receives the images transmitted by the pill A computer workstation processes the data and produces a short video clip or still images.

Components Of Endoscope
LIGHTING DEVICE LENS CMOS IMAGE SENSOR

TRANSMITTING ELECTRODE

Structure

Specifications
- Diameter of 10 mm and a Length of 20 mm. - Bullet shape - This shape and its diameter are critical for mapping the small intestine. - Uses Silver oxide button batteries - high energy density & disposable

-Made up of biocompatible material.

Optical Dome

Lens Holder

Lens

Illuminating LEDs

CMOS Image Sensor

Battery

ASIC Transmitter

Antennae

Advantages
-Painless, no side affects or complications. -Miniature size, so can move easily through the digestive system. -Accurate, precise & low power consumption. -Images taken are of very high quality which are sent almost instantaneously to the data recorder for storage. -Made of bio compatible material, doesnt cause any harm to the body.

Disadvantages
-Patients with pacemakers, pregnant women and all pediatrics have to be monitored continuously while taking the capsule. -Very expensive. -It is not reusable.

Future Improvements
- Equipping the capsule with a LASER. - Adding additional features like Zooming & Auto Focus. - Further reduction in size using Nano Technology. -Making it cost effective.

ANY QUESTIONS??