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• Course Code: ENG 408 • Course Title: Facilities Planning
: ENG 407 Industrial Management
• Instructor: Asif Iqbal • Day: Saturday • Timing: 2.00 ---5. 00pm
Overview of today’s class
• Administrative Information.
• Overview of the course. • Summary (student) • Team formation
E.com/group/asif_fp 4 .A Brief Introduction • Name: • Qualification: • Asif Iqbal B. Chicago USA • Major : Data Communication • Minor : Software Engineering • Professional exp: http://groups.(E) NED MS (CSC) DePaul.yahoo.
com/group/asif_fp 5 .Contact Information • Instructor : Asif Iqbal • Email: firstname.lastname@example.org • Phone: 4979415 • Office: Faculty Office(see front desk) • Class hours: I prefer communication via email I check email couple of times a day I will send email to the class in the event of last minute changes or announcement http://groups.yahoo.
participative and interactive in the class and team meetings. Students are expected to be attentive.yahoo.Attendance • Attendance will be taken during the first five minutes. Each student should register at. http://groups.com/group/asif_fp 6 • • • • . Students are encouraged to consult internet and reference books to make their weekly team reports and presentations informative and interesting. late comers will be allowed in the class within the attendance period but will me marked as absent. We hate rework and will not offer make-up mid terms and final exam.
com/group/asif_fp 7 .Assessment http://groups.yahoo.
Dobbins and Fowler. Wiley. Irwin/McGraw-Hill (1998). • Production & Operations Management (Manufacturing & Services) by Chase. “Facilities Planning”. South-Western College Publishing (1995). Addison Wesley Publishing Company (1999). New York. 8th International Edition. al. Prentice Hall of India (2003).yahoo. • Total Quality Management by Besterfield et. • Operational Management (Strategy & Analysis) by Krajewski & Ritzman. .• Textbook: Tompkins et al. Aquilano and Jacobs. 2003. 3th Edition. Textbook • Reference: • Management (A Total Quality Perspective) by Bounds. 7th Edition. http://groups.com/group/asif_fp 8 . 3rd Edition.
• you should not only read the book . • Spend at least a few hours a week just playing with the Internet to search information of your interest field.com/group/asif_fp .Expectations • The course requires that you actively engage the material on your own.but also search the web. 9 http://groups.yahoo.
Tell me about yourself • It’s the time to market yourself http://groups.yahoo.com/group/asif_fp 10 .
org/ http://groups. a building fitted for a specific operational purpose. • http://www.bomi-edu. • The BOMI Institute glossary defines facility with a list of some specific real property items.yahoo. • The term is sometimes used to promote an available building and the property that goes along with it.com/group/asif_fp 11 .Definition of facility • facility: and Facility Planning : • a real property structure with attachments and installations that make it usable for an assigned purpose.
INS (immigration and naturalization service. post office. centers.com/group/asif_fp 12 . IRS (Internal Revenue Service) . office buildings.yahoo. houses. banquet halls Commercial/Residential: shopping malls. fast-food places. rehab. hotels. control rooms http://groups. banks. colleges.FACILITIES: Examples • • • • • Production: any discrete parts or process industry facilities Health care: hospitals. motels • Government/Public Services: court house. • Military: barracks. clinics. day care centers. libraries Food: restaurants. nursing home Education: schools.
bus terminals • Public assembly: stadium. train stations. theaters • Religious: temples. auditoriums.com/group/asif_fp 13 .yahoo. • Facilities put together with humans. energy result in the activity • Activity = humans + $ + materials + energy http://groups. $ and/or materials. churches. chapels. mosques • Fixed assets like building structures and inanimate resources that support the operations of a given activity.FACILITIES: Examples • Transportation: airports.
Facilities Planning Impact on activities • • • • • • • Handling and maintenance cost Employee morale Operation costs Capital investment Facility management Adapting to change & Satisfying future requirements • Note: key requirement for a successful facilities plan is its adaptability and its ability to become suitable for new use http://groups.com/group/asif_fp 14 .yahoo.
but also to survive http://groups.yahoo.• Rapid changes in production techniques and equipment • Every entity must insist on the highest return on investment (ROI)--.com/group/asif_fp 15 .not only to prosper.
c. In a hospital. http://groups. the objective is to provide medical care to patients. b.FACILITIES PLANNING • Determines how an activity's tangible fixed assets best support achieving the activity's objectives.yahoo. In manufacturing. the objective is to support production. the objective is to support the passenger airplane interface. describe the implementation of the plan Examples: a. In an airport.com/group/asif_fp 16 . • Planning determines course of action ahead of time so subsequent decisions can be made efficiently • Design more technical details that with a use of model.
Supply Chain Excellence • • 1. 4. Business as usual Link Excellence Visibility Collaboration Synthesis velocity http://groups. 6. 2. The facilities we plan must help an organization achieve supply chain excellence Supply chain Excellence is a process with six steps.yahoo. 5.com/group/asif_fp 17 . or levels. 3.
sales.com/group/asif_fp 18 . such as finance. distribution. manufacturing. and human resources. is to be the best department in the company.1. Business as usual • When a company works hard to maximize its individual functions • The goal of individual departments. • Organizational effectiveness is not the emphasis http://groups. marketing.yahoo. purchasing. research and development. information technology.
and distribution centers http://groups.2.com/group/asif_fp 19 . warehouse. • Link between departments and facilities • Plants. companies must tear down the internal boundaries until the entire organization functions as one. Link Excellence • To achieve performance excellence .yahoo.
com/group/asif_fp 20 .3. • Visibility requires sharing information so that the links understand the ongoing order status and thus minimizing supply chain surprises http://groups. organizations understand their roles in a supply chain and are aware of the other links. • Example: an electronics company with a web site that allows its customers to view circuit boards and then funnel information about those customers to suppliers. Visibility • Visibility minimizes supply chain surprises because it provides the information links need to understand the ongoing order status.yahoo. • Through visibility.
http://groups. the supply chain can determine how best to meet the demands of the marketplace.yahoo. • Through collaboration. • The supply chain works as a whole to maximize customer satisfaction while minimizing inventories.4. Collaboration • Once a supply chain achieves visibility.com/group/asif_fp 21 . it can move to Collaboration. • Collaboration is achieved through the proper application of technology and true partnership.
• Synthesis is the unification of all supply chain links to form a whole. the supply chain then must pursue the continuous improvement process of Synthesis.5. • It creates a pipeline from a customer perspective. Synthesis • After collaboration is achieved. • Synthesis is not achieved overnight! http://groups.com/group/asif_fp 22 .yahoo.
http://groups.6. and customers expect their items to arrive almost as quickly.yahoo. • Each organization in the supply chain should therefore plan facilities with their supply chain partners in mind.com/group/asif_fp 23 . • Facilities planning ensures that product will be manufactured and shipped to the satisfaction of the ultimate customer. Velocity • “Ride fast or you will fall” • Today’s business environment demands speed • The internet has created immediate orders.
Characteristics of facilities • • Flexibility: able to handle a verity of requirements without being altered Modularity: modular facilities are those with systems that cooperate efficiently over a wide range of operating rates. cycles. It allows: – – – • easier diagnosis and remedy of failures easier repair and replacement simplification of manufacturing and assembly • • • Upgradeability: gracefully incorporate advances in equipment system and technology Adaptability: taking into consideration the implications of calendars. Selective operability: understanding how each facility segment operates and allows contingency plans to be put in place http://groups.yahoo. and peaks in facilities use. Modular design is a form of standardization in which component parts are subdivided into modules that are easily replaced or interchanged.com/group/asif_fp 24 .
Disciplines involved in facilities design • Engineering: • Civil. http://groups. mechanical. personnel from the activity.com/group/asif_fp 25 . industrial • Architects. contractors.yahoo. etc. managers. real-estate people. consultants. electrical.
t.com/group/asif_fp 26 .Major functions of facilities design engineering viewpoint • Location of the facility placement of the facility w. customers/suppliers • Choice of resources • Layout of resources/components • Performance evaluation • The design process ends when the implementation phase of the physical design begins http://groups.yahoo.r.
information and equipment. • Handling system design: movement of material. http://groups.gas.yahoo. people. water.Facilities Planning Hierarchy • Structure design: building and support services .… • Layout design: space requirements and location of resources in available space. air.com/group/asif_fp 27 . light.
yahoo.com/group/asif_fp 28 .Motivation: Reasons for facilities planning/design • New field of endeavor • Expansion due to volume or diversity • Replacing an obsolete facility • Relocating or consolidation • Legal: Occupational Safety & Health Act (1970) http://groups.
3. significant savings can accrue Plan Design Install Operate Dispose Cost of changes http://groups.Motivation: Importance of facilities planning • 1st phase in facility's life cycle. 4. 2. 5. • .yahoo.com/group/asif_fp 29 1.
30% • Long term effect: versatility.yahoo. expandability.influence worker morale • Lead to economic development http://groups.8% of Gross National Product GNP ($250 billion) spent annually on facilities.Motivation: Importance of facilities planning • Majority of an organization's capital investment is in facilities -. • Single most important cause of high material handling costs is lack of strategic facilities planning • Material handling account for 20 . convenience.com/group/asif_fp 30 . flexibility • Environmental implications: hazardous waste disposal • Safety.50% of operating costs in manufacturing • Effective material handling can reduce costs by 10 . appearance .
Facilities Planning Process 3.com/group/asif_fp 31 . Evaluation 5. Problem Definition 2. Selection 6. Facilities Planning Process • Problem symptoms • New needs 1. Analysis 3. Synthesis • Design 1 • Design 2 • Design n 4.3.yahoo. Implementation http://groups.
Facilities Planning Process 3.Installation . wishes.com/group/asif_fp 32 .Space utilization – Flexibility . constraints -.MH effectiveness .Construction .Capital investment .data: products / services to delivered and quantities • Objective: to maximize overall efficiency & minimize total costs.Operating & maintenance – Wip (work in progress) .1 Problem Definition • Criteria. • Important costs: – Design .MH (material handling) – Transportation/distribution .Aesthetics http://groups.yahoo.Change • Criteria: may be mathematical function or wishes – Productivity .3.
space required • Alternatives: generated by a search procedure • Exert the necessary effort • Do not get bogged down in details too soon • Make liberal use of the questioning attitude • Seek many alternatives • Avoid conservatism • Avoid premature satisfaction or rejection • Refer to analogous problems for ideas • Attempt to divorce your thinking from the existing solution • Consult others • Try the group approach http://groups. primary and secondary support activities and their interrelationship -.2 Analysis & 3.3.3 synthesis: • Fact gathering.com/group/asif_fp 33 .yahoo.
criteria • Scale (iconic) models .Ranking • Factor analysis ..3.com/group/asif_fp 34 .4 Evaluation: use models to assess performance w.yahoo.t.r.Symbolic (mathematical) models • List of pros and cons .Cost comparison http://groups.
• 3.yahoo.6 Implementation: physical execution and monitoring • “Single most important cause of high material handling costs is lack of strategic facilities planning” http://groups.5 Selection: approvals • 3.com/group/asif_fp 35 .
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