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Guide: Prof. Keyur Mahant
Assistant Professor, V. T. Patel Department of EC, CSPIT, CHARUSAT - Changa
By: Bhautik H Popat
(09EC092) 5th Semester, B.Tech. (EC), CSPIT, CHARUSAT - Changa
T.CHARUSAT 14/11/2011 SIM 09EC092 2 . Patel Department of EC CSPIT.Overview of Presentation Types Of Smart Cards Introduction What is SIM card? History Design Data on SIM Advantages of SIM Threats to SIM Future Evolution Conclusion References V.
CHARUSAT Crypto Card USB token SIM Card Memory Card 14/11/2011 JAVA Card SIM 09EC092 3 . Patel Department of EC CSPIT.Types of Smart Card V.T.
• A SIM is held on a removable SIM card.CHARUSAT • A Subscriber Identity Module or Subscriber Identification Module (SIM) is an integrated circuit that securely stores the service-subscriber key (IMSI) used to identify a subscriber on mobile telephony devices (such as mobile phones and computers). which can be transferred between different mobile devices. 14/11/2011 SIM 09EC092 4 .Introduction V.T. Patel Department of EC CSPIT.
14/11/2011 SIM 09EC092 5 . SIM card is a smart card with a microprocessor and it consists of the following modules: --.Serial communication module • These five modules must be integrated into an Integrated Circuit (IC).Working memory (RAM) --.Data memory (EPROM or E2PROM) --.CPU --.T.What is SIM Card ? • V.Program memory (ROM) --. Patel Department of EC CSPIT.CHARUSAT The Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) is a small smart card which contains both programming and information. This is because the chip connections may become illegal access and misappropriation of SIM cards important clues. otherwise their safety would be threatened.
Mini-SIM cards have the same thickness as full-size cards.The development of physically smaller mobile devices prompted the development of a smaller SIM card. the mini-SIM card.CHARUSAT • The first SIM card was made in 1991 by Munich smart card maker Giesecke & Devrient. 14/11/2011 SIM 09EC092 6 .60 mm × 53.76 mm). • SIM cards were first made the same size as a credit card (85. Patel Department of EC CSPIT. but their length and width are reduced to 25 mm × 15 mm.History V. who sold the first 300 SIM cards to Finnish wireless network operator Radiolinja.T.98 mm × 0.
Patel Department of EC CSPIT. respectively).Design • Vcc (C1): Supply voltage V. B and C. • RST (C2): Reset input. • AUX2 (C8): Auxiliary contact 14/11/2011 SIM 09EC092 7 . Not used any more since modern cards programming voltage on-chip using a charge pump fed by Vcc.8 V (ISO/IEC 7816-3 classes A. • Vpp (C6): EEPROM programming voltage. generate the • I/O (C7): Input/Output for serial communication • AUX1 (C4): Auxiliary contact. • GND (C5): Ground. •CLK (C3):Clock input delivers an external clock signal (1.CHARUSAT There are three operating voltages for SIM cards: 5 V.10 MHz) that is used as a system clock for the smart card microcontroller.T. 3 V and 1.
Check digit 14/11/2011 SIM 09EC092 8 .ID) • Each SIM is Internationally identified by its ICC-ID. ICC-ID (Integrated Circuit Card . the most important of these are the ICCID. IMSI. • The ICC-ID number is composed of the following subparts: a. ICC-IDs are stored in the SIM cards and are also engraved or printed on the SIM card body during a process called personalization. 1.T.Data on SIM • V. Individual account identification c. Issuer identification number (IIN) b. Authentication Key (Ki). Local Area Identity (LAI) and OperatorSpecific Emergency Number. Patel Department of EC CSPIT.CHARUSAT SIM cards store network specific information used to authenticate and identify subscribers on the Network.
T. is the identity of a subscriber.Data on SIM( Contd. 14/11/2011 SIM 09EC092 9 .) 2. Each IMSI is mapped to a mobile number and provisioned on the HLR to allow a subscriber to be identified. • Mobile operators connect mobile phone calls and communicate with their market SIM cards using their IMSIs. International mobile subscriber identity (IMSI): V..CHARUSAT • The IMSI (International mobile subscriber identity) programmed on the SIM card. Patel Department of EC CSPIT.
T. Each SIM holds a unique Ki assigned to it by the operator during the personalization process. The Ki is also stored in a database (known as Authentication Center or AuC) on the carrier's network. Authentication key (Ki): V. that allows the phone to pass data to the SIM card to be signed with the Ki. Run GSM Algorithm . by design. 14/11/2011 SIM 09EC092 10 . makes usage of the SIM card mandatory unless the Ki can be extracted from the SIM card.CHARUSAT •The Ki is a 128-bit value used in authenticating the SIMs on the mobile network. Instead.) 3. Patel Department of EC CSPIT. •The SIM card is designed not to allow the Ki to be obtained using the smart-card interface.. the SIM card provides a function. This.Data on SIM( Contd. or the carrier is willing to reveal the Ki.
. Storage: • To store phone numbers and SMS. 14/11/2011 11 SIM 09EC092 .CHARUSAT • Operator networks are divided into Location Areas. If the handset is turned off and back on again it will take data off the SIM and search for the LAI it was in.Data on SIM( Contd.T. When the Mobile changes its location from one Location Area to another it stores its new LAI in SIM and sends it to the operator network to inform network with its new location. 5.) 4. Location Area Identify: V. Patel Department of EC CSPIT. This saves time by avoiding having to search the whole list of frequencies that the telephone normally would. each having a unique LAI number.
2-3 KB as described. Such data storage is used by the phone directly. Patel Department of EC CSPIT. 2.Advantages 1. Installation: V.T. •In future we can expect SIM cards having megabytes of capacity. on the order of 128-1024 megabytes. 14/11/2011 SIM 09EC092 12 .CHARUSAT •The SIM card allows users to change phones by simply removing the SIM card from one mobile phone and inserting it into another mobile phone. •There are also Large Memory SIMs.Cost and Memory: •The typical low cost SIM card has little memory.
PIN and PUK: PIN –Personal Identification Number 2 PINs exist (PIN 1 and PIN2) Limited attempts on PIN access PUK –PIN Unblocking Code Resetting PUK.CHARUSAT ii) Secure data storage for the application data and application cryptographic keys.Advantages (Contd.T. V..) 3. resets PIN and the attempt counter Too many attempts on PUK blocks use permanently 15/11/2011 SIM 09EC092 13 . Security: • SIM card is very secure and provides: i) the secure loading of the applications . Patel Department of EC CSPIT. iii) Secure Crypto operation support. • The other factors which make the SIM secure are….
• It exploits the weakness in diffusion of the second round in the compression 14/11/2011 SIM function.Threats to SIM 1. 2. This is commonly referred to as a ’Narrow Pipe. • SIM cloning is also a great concern of security services because of its GSM location-based service undependable if more than one handset is using the same SIM card.T.CHARUSAT SIM cloning consists of duplicating the GSM Subscriber Identity Module identification and placing calls or using other charged services using the account of the cloned SIM. Patel Department of EC CSPIT. and what was missing (about 4-6 lines) and was reverse engineered. SIM Cloning: • V. A leaked document led to publication of COMP128.’ 09EC092 14 . Attacks to COMP128: • • COMP128 is a popular algorithm and a published standard. COMP128 design was completely private. That document produced the majority of the code.
Patel Department of EC CSPIT.T. authentication information and provides storage space for text messages and phone book contacts. which is shared with the Authentication Cente (AuC) in the network. UNIVERSAL SUBSCRIBER IDENTITY MODULE(USIB): V. the USIM stores a long-term pre-shared secret key K. •For authentication purposes. but the USIM is merely a logical entity on the physical card.CHARUSAT •It is an application for UMTS mobile telephony running on a UICC smart card which is inserted in a 3G mobile phone. 14/11/2011 SIM 09EC092 15 . There is a common misconception to call the UICC card itself a USIM. •It stores user subscriber information.Future Evolution 1.
Patel Department of EC CSPIT. SIM may be moved from one Mobile Station to another which forms an advantage for the GSM architecture.Conclusion V.CHARUSAT • SIM is a smart card which forms an unavoidable part in GSM mobile phones.T. 14/11/2011 SIM 09EC092 16 . This makes upgrades very simple for the GSM telephone user. It stores several user-defined information such as phonebook entries and other subscriber information like IMSI.
0 (Release 1999).References with contacts”. 2005a.org/wiki/Subscriber_Identity_Module 14/11/2011 SIM 09EC092 17 . International Standard.Integrated circuit cards 2. http://en.11 V8. 3rd Generation Partnership Project. V. TS 11.CHARUSAT 1.T. Parts 1-15. 3.wikipedia. Specification of the Subscriber Identity Module Mobile Equipment (SIM . [SIMME] 3GPP.ME) interface. Technical Specification. (2005-06).13. Patel Department of EC CSPIT. [ISO7816] ISO: “Identification Cards .
( You may ask….CHARUSAT Thank-You……. Patel Department of EC CSPIT.T.) 14/11/2011 SIM 09EC092 18 .V.
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