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Mission Statement

Custom Engineered Lubricants


Utilizing Premium Base Stocks
and Specific Additives Creating
Superior Lubrication Technology

Working With the OEM to Meet


the Needs of Today’s Complex
Equipment

Assess Our Customers Needs and


Requirements for Customized
Lubricants
C & C Oil Company

Over 2 Decades of Lubrication


Experience

World Class Production Facility

Uncompromised Quality

Readily Accessible Service for


Large & Small Customers

Complete Customer Satisfaction


SOUTHERN COMPANY
Gas Turbine Requirements

Equipment Efficiency Minimize Downtime


Investment Protection Consolidate Inventor
Reduce Maintenance Costs
Lower Energy Costs
Oxidation
SOUTHERN COMPANY
Steam Turbine Requirements

Equipment Efficiency Minimize Downtime


Investment Protection Consolidate Inventor
Reduce Maintenance Costs
Lower Energy Costs
Oxidation
Turbine Oil History
The opportunity for •Further hydro-
vastly superior processed oils
•Advanced anti-
technology in NOW •Hydro-
oxidants
Oxidation •2nd generation
processed ashless EP/AW
Life in Hrs. oils available
10000 •Basic
oxidation
•Solvent refined inhibitors
8000 •Simple mineral oils •Ashless
oils •Improved EP/AW
•Earliest oxidation available
6000 chemical inhibitors
oxidation •No EP/AW
inhibitors
4000 •No extreme
pressure/
anti-wear
2000

0
40’s & 50’s 60’s & 70’s 80’s & 90’s Next
Generation
Petroleum Base Stock
Viscosity
Saturate Sulfur Index
1970’s - Solvent Refined <90% >0.03% 90-100

1980’s - Hydroprocessed >90% <0.03% 95-105

1990’s - Severely >90% <0.03% 120+


Hydro processed

Conclusion Cleaner, Clearer and Better


Synthetic Base Stock
(Polyalphaolefins)
Optimal Base Fluid
Performance
- No Aromatics
- No Wax
- No Sulfur

Bett er th an
Pe tr ole um Base
* In thermalSt
& ock*
oxidation tests
with or without additives
Types of Industrial Lubricant Additives

Rust and Oxidation Inhibited,


R&O No Load Carrying,
0.2 or Lower Neutralization Number

Anti-Wear, Added for Film Strength, Utilizes


AW Organo Metallic Compounds, i.e. Zinc,
0.25 and Higher Neutralization Number

Extreme Pressure, Added for Load Carrying


EP Properties Normally Utilizes Sulfur and Phosphorus
Chemistry, 0.5 Plus Neutralization Number
Neutralization
How Additives Affect
Neutralization
Numbers
Historically,
Neutralization # (Acid
Value) Limitations
Prohibit the Use of AW &
EP Additives in Turbine
Applications

AW & EP Systems Are


Typically Considered to
Additive Co-Existence?

Generic turbine oils are not


giving optimal performance
in today’s advanced systems.

Until now, generic turbine oils could not utilize the


benefits of anti-wear and extreme pressure
additives in addition to rust & oxidation
inhibitors, while maintaining low neutralization
number requirements.
C & C Philosophy

Optimized Petroleum
Customer-
Specific
+ or
Synthetic
=
Additives Base Stock
C & C Oil Company

“Successful lubrication
depends on providing a
lubricant with the
proper additives and
viscosity matched to the
specific application.”
Research & Development
Research & Development
at Other Major Oil
Companies is Focused on
Passenger Car Technology
99.99% of Research
Dollars Ends
Up in the Parking Lot
Additive Companies Are
Highly Focused on
Automotive Industry
The Small Volume of
C & C Oil Company
At C&C Oil Company,
Our Research &
Development is
Specific to Our
Customers’ Turbines
and Supporting
Equipment

We are Dedicated to
the Power
Generation Industry

We Focus on
OEM Spec’s Establish
Minimum
(Sub-Optimum) Standards
THE

from C & C Oil Company


Far Exceeds
OEM Minimum
Specifications
C & C Oil Company
The

Optimized
Neutralization
Number for Longer
Life

Provides AW & EP
Properties

Use One Product


Testing Oxidative & Thermal Stability

Our Turbine Oil Far


Exceeds OEM Oxidation
Requirements

C&C Oil Does In-Depth


Testing for All Critical
Issues

Subjected to More
Rigorous Testing than
OEM
- Cincinnati Machine
Testing
In Depth Anti-Wear Analysis

Increased Load
Carrying
Properties

Improved Wear
Characteristics
- FZG-ASTM D
5182
- ASTM D 4172
- ASTM D 2783
Hydrolytic Stability Testing

Denison HF-O Specificatio


- Perform with the
presence
of Moisture (ASTM D
2619)
- Resists Acid and Sludg
Formation (ASTM D
4310)

Denison Filtration
Procedure
Rust & Corrosion Service

PASS
All Turbine Oils
Must Pass Basic
Tests for Rust and
Corrosion FAIL

We Address:
- Chemistry
- Contaminants
- Potential for
Bacterial
Corrosion
Typical Gas Turbine OEM Specifications

C & C’s
Tests Manufacturer “New Millennium”
Oxidation
- ASTM D943 2,000 6,000+
- ASTM D2272 >300 1200+
Foam
- ASTM D892 450/0, 50/0, 450/0 0/0, 0/0, 10/0
Load Carrying
- FZG - ASTM D 5182 7 9
Load Stage W/O Failure
Neutralization
- ASTM D974 Report <0.20
Air Release
- ASTM D3472 < 5 min. < 2 min.
Typical Steam Turbine OEM Specifications

C & C’s
Tests Manufacturer “New Millennium”
Oxidation
- ASTM D943 3,000 6,000+
- ASTM D2272 >500
1800+
Foam
- ASTM D892 50/0, 50/0, 50/0 10/0, 10/0, 10/0
Load Carrying
- FZG - ASTM D 5182 7 9
Load Stage W/O Failure
Neutralization
- ASTM D974 0.20 Max <0.20
Air Release
- ASTM D3472 < 5 min. < 2 min.
Optimized Lubricants for Our Customers

R&O 100% Greater

AW Improved Operation, Additional


Performance Characteristics

EP Substantially Greater Load


Carrying Capacity
Examples of
C & C Commitment
to Optimized Lubrication
for the
Power Generation
Industry
Field Trial Results:
Electric Power Utility ABB / C-E
Pulverizer
Friction Average
Reduction Operating Output
Fluid (Amperage) Temp. (hp Change)

Mineral-Based 75 52.5 418 hp


ISO-220 Gear Oil

Energy-Efficient C&C 71 48.8 395 hp


Duration EP-220

Results Using C&C 5.3% 7% 23 hp


Reduction Reduction Improvement
Field Trial Results:
Electric Power Utility B&W Pulverizer
Annual
Coal Total Energy Energy Energy
Processing Energy per Mill Savings Cost
Energy per Mill per Year per Mill Savings
Fluid kWh/Ton kWh/ kWh x 106 kWh Year
Mineral-Based
ISO-460 Gear 12.89 541.38 4.55 - --
Oil
Energy-Efficient
C&C Duration 12.17 511.14 4.29 260,000 $6,500
EP-460

Equates to ±9.5% Additional Revenue/Mill/Year


Actual $ Savings
Plant Miller
Alabama Power, Quinton, AL
$ in Millions
5

Initial Use of
Annual 4 $3,185,000
Energy Duration EP-460
Costs to run 3
28 B&W $3,003,000
Pulverizes
2

1
1990 1994 1998 2002
Exceeds Basic Industry
Specifications
Extends Oxidation Life & Service
Intervals
Longer Bearing Life With AW &
Load
Carrying Features
Superior Performance When
Exposed
to Moisture
C&C OIL COMPANY