Surah Hujrat

ِ‫يا أَيُّها الَّ ِذين آمنوا ال تُ َقدِّموا ب ْي ي َد ِي اللَّ ِو ورسولِِو واتَّ ُقوا اللَّو إِ َّن اللَّو ََِسيع عل‬
‫يم‬
َُ َ
َ
َ َ
َ َ‫ُ َن‬
ٌ َ ٌ َ
َ ُ ََ

049.001O Ye who believe! Put not yourselves forward before Allah and His

Messenger; but fear Allah: for Allah is He Who hears and knows all things.

ِ ‫يا أَيُّها الَّ ِذين آمنُوا ال تَرفَعوا أَصواتَ ُكم فَو َق صو ِت النَِِّب وال َنَتهروا لَو بِالن َقوِل َكجه ِر ب ع‬
‫ض ُك نم‬
‫ِّ َ َ ُ ُ ن َ ن َ ن‬
َ َ
َ َ
‫ِن ُ ن َ ن ن َ ن‬
ٍ ‫لبَ نع‬
‫ض أَ نن َنَتبَ َط أ نَع َمالُ ُك نم َوأَننتُ نم ال تَ نشعُُرو َن‬
049.002 O ye who believe! Raise not your voices above the voice of the

Prophet, nor speak aloud to him in talk, as ye may speak aloud to one
another, lest your deeds become vain and ye perceive not.

ِ َّ‫ول اللَّ ِو أُولَئِك ال‬
ِ َّ‫إِ َّن ال‬
ِ ‫ضو َن أَصواتَهم ِعن َد رس‬
‫ذ‬
‫غ‬
‫ي‬
‫ين‬
‫ذ‬
ُّ
ٌ‫ين نامتَ َح َن اللَّوُ قُلُوبَ ُه نم لِلتَّ نق َوى َلُ نم َم نغ ِرَرة‬
ُ
َ
‫ن‬
ُ
َُ
ََ
‫َ ن‬
َ
ِ
‫يم‬
‫َوأ ن‬
ٌ ‫َجٌر َعظ‬
049.003 Those that lower their voices in the presence of Allah's Messenger,-

their hearts has Allah tested for piety: for them is Forgiveness and a great
Reward.

ِ ‫إِ َّن الَّ ِذين ي نادونَك ِمن ور‬
ِ ‫اْلجر‬
‫ات أَ نكثَ ُرُى نم ال يَ نع ِقلُو َن‬
‫اء‬
‫ن‬
َ ُ ُ َ َ ‫َ َُ ُ َ ن‬

049.004 Those who shout out to thee from without the inner

apartments - most of them lack understanding.

ِ‫ولَو أَنَّهم صب روا ح ََّّت ََتنرج إِلَي ِهم لَ َكا َن خي را َلم واللَّو َغ ُرور ر‬
‫يم‬
‫ح‬
ٌ َ ٌ ُ َ ‫َ ن ً ُن‬
‫َ ن ُ ن ََ ُ َ ُ َ ن ن‬

049.005 If only they had patience until thou couldst come out to them,

it would be best for them: but Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

ٍَ‫صيبوا قَوما ِِبهال‬
ِ َ‫يا أَيُّها الَّ ِذين آمنُوا إِ نن جاء ُكم ف‬
ِ ُ‫اسق بِنَبٍإ فَتَب يَّ نُوا أَ نن ت‬
‫صبِ ُحوا َعلَ ى َما فَ َع نلتُ نم‬
‫ت‬
‫ف‬
‫ة‬
َ
ُ
ٌ
‫ن‬
ََ ً ‫ُ ن‬
َ َ
َ َ
َ َ
‫ََ ن‬
ِ
ِ
‫ْي‬
َ ‫نَادم‬
049.006 O ye who believe! If a wicked person comes to you with any

news, ascertain the truth, lest ye harm people unwittingly, and
afterwards become full of repentance for what ye have done.

ِ‫َن ف‬
ِ َ‫ول اللَّ ِو لَو ي ِطيع ُكم ِِف َكثِ ٍري ِمن األم ِر لَعنِتُّم ول‬
َّ
‫ب إِلَني ُك ُم اإلميَا َن‬
‫ب‬
‫ح‬
‫و‬
‫ل‬
‫ال‬
‫ن‬
‫ك‬
‫س‬
‫ر‬
‫م‬
‫ك‬
‫ي‬
ُ
َ
َّ
َّ
ُ َ ‫َو ناعلَ ُموا أ َّ ِ ن‬
‫نِ ُ ُ ن‬
َِ ‫َ نِ َ ن‬
َ َِ َ
‫الراش ُدو َن‬
َ ‫َوَزيَّنَوُ ِف قُلُوبِ ُك نم َوَكَّرَه إلَني ُك ُم الن ُك نرَر َوالن ُر ُس‬
َّ ‫ك ُى ُم‬
َ ‫صيَا َن أُولَئ‬
‫وق َوالنع ن‬
049.007 And know that among you is Allah's Messenger: were
he, in many matters, to follow your (wishes), ye would
certainly fall into misfortune: But Allah has endeared the
Faith to you, and has made it beautiful in your hearts, and
He has made hateful to you Unbelief, wickedness, and
rebellion: such indeed are those who walk in righteousness;ِ ‫ضال ِمن اللَّ ِو ونِعمةً واللَّو علِيم ح‬
‫يم‬
‫ك‬
ٌ َ ٌ َ ُ َ َ ‫فَ ن َ َ ن‬
049.008 A Grace and Favour from Allah; and Allah is full of
Knowledge and Wisdom.


Medinan Surah
Right after Surah al-Fath
‫اْلَ ِّق لِيُظن ِهَرهُ َعلَ ى الدِّي ِن ُكلِّ ِو َوَك َر ى بِاللَّ ِو َش ِه ًيدا‬
‫ُى َو الَّ ِذي أ نَر َس َل َر ُسولَوُ بِا نلَُدى َوِدي ِن ن‬

048.028 It is He Who has sent His Messenger with Guidance and the Religion of
Truth, to proclaim it over all religion: and enough is Allah for a Witness.

ِ
ِ
ِ ُ ‫ُُم َّم ٌد رس‬
ِ
َّ
َّ
‫ضال ِم َن‬
‫ف‬
‫ن‬
‫و‬
‫غ‬
‫ت‬
‫ب‬
‫ي‬
‫ا‬
‫د‬
‫ج‬
‫س‬
‫ا‬
‫ع‬
‫ك‬
‫ر‬
‫م‬
‫اى‬
‫ر‬
‫ت‬
‫م‬
‫ه‬
‫ن‬
‫ي‬
‫ب‬
‫اء‬
‫َح‬
‫ر‬
‫ر‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ك‬
‫ل‬
‫ا‬
‫ ى‬
‫ل‬
‫ع‬
‫َّاء‬
‫د‬
‫َش‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
‫ع‬
‫م‬
‫ين‬
‫ذ‬
‫ن‬
ُ
َ
َّ
َ
َ
‫ن‬
ُ َ‫ُِ ََ ُِ َن َ ُ ن َ َ ُ ن ُِ ًِ ُ ً َن‬
َ
َ ُ ِ ُ َ َ َ ِ َّ‫ول اللَّو َوال‬
ُ
َ
‫ك‬
ُّ ‫اى نم ِِف ُو ُجوى ِه نم م نن أَثَِر‬
‫اللَّو َوِر ن‬
َ ‫الس ُجود َذل‬
ُ ‫يم‬
َ ‫ض َوانًا س‬
048.029 Muhammad is the messenger of Allah; and those who are with
him are strong against Unbelievers, (but) compassionate amongst
each other. Thou wilt see them bow and prostrate themselves (in
prayer), seeking Grace from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure. On their
faces are their marks, (being) the traces of their prostration. …


Subject: Unifying the Muslim community
around two core principles to equip them to
struggle to spread the light of Islam
throughout the world.
Contextual and general interpretation
Mainly principles; not laws. Universality of
the Qur’an.

Ayaat 1-8
 Foundations of an Islamic State

Ayaat 9-12
 Practical steps to curtail disunity

Ayaat 13-18
 Citizenship

 No racism
 Difference between Islam and Iman

ِ‫يا أَيُّها الَّ ِذين آمنوا ال تُ َقدِّموا ب ْي ي َد ِي اللَّ ِو ورسولِِو واتَّ ُقوا اللَّو إِ َّن اللَّو ََِسيع عل‬
‫يم‬
َُ َ
َ
َ َ
َ َ‫ُ َن‬
ٌ َ ٌ َ
َ ُ ََ

049.001O Ye who believe! Put not yourselves forward before Allah and His Messenger;
but fear Allah: for Allah is He Who hears and knows all things.


Sovereignty belongs to Allah; man is vicegerent !
 The progeny of Adam inherited this position
 The rebellious lost it
Just like an individual is bound by divine laws, a society,
and state are as well.
Freedom in submission

‫اْلُ نك ُم إِال لِلَّ ِو‬
‫إِ ِن ن‬
Yusuf: 67

ِ ‫وال ي نش ِرُك ِِف ح نك ِم‬
‫َح ًدا‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
َ
ُ
ُ َ
Al-Kahaf :26

How do you know what Allah wants? Through the
Messenger:

ِ
ِ
ِ
َّ
َّ
ِ
‫األم ِر ِمن ُك نم‬
‫ُوِل‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
‫ول‬
‫س‬
‫الر‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫يع‬
‫َط‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
‫و‬
‫ل‬
‫ال‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫يع‬
‫َط‬
‫أ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ن‬
‫آم‬
‫ين‬
‫ذ‬
َ
َّ
ُ
‫ن‬
َ َ ‫يَا أَيُّ َها ال‬
َ ُ ُ ََ ُ

004.059O ye who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger, and those charged
with authority among you.

ِ ‫أ‬- Repeated for the Messenger not for the ulul amr.
‫َط ُيعوا‬
“No obedience of creation in the disobedience of the creator”


Within the boundaries they act in accordance
with this principle.
No totalitarianism


“No legislation will be done repugnant to the
Qur’an and Sunnah”
Iqrarun bil-lisan
Directive principle versus operative clause.

ِ
َّ
ََّ‫ْي يَ َد ِي اللَّ ِو َوَر ُسولِِو َواتَّ ُقوا اللو‬
‫ين‬
‫ذ‬
‫يَا أَيُّ َها ال‬
‫ب‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ِّم‬
‫د‬
‫ق‬
‫ت‬
‫ال‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ن‬
‫آم‬
َ
ُ
ُ
‫ن‬
َ
َ
ُ
َ
َ
ِ‫إِ َّن اللَّو ََِسيع عل‬
‫يم‬
ٌ َ ٌ َ

049.001O Ye who believe! Put not yourselves
forward before Allah and His Messenger; but fear
Allah: for Allah is He Who hears and knows all
things.
ِ َّ‫يا أَيُّها ال‬‫ين َآمنُوا‬
‫ذ‬
َ َ
َ
 Addresses all categories of Muslims
 Only once in the Meccan Qur’an (arguable)
 5 times in this Surah

ِ‫واتَّ ُقوا اللَّو إِ َّن اللَّو ََِسيع عل‬- The spirit of the law!
‫يم‬
َ
ٌ َ ٌ َ
َ

Love of the Prophet


The first principle was more
constitutional/legal; the second is relatively
more emotional/sentimental
Second is detailed more; first is detailed all
over the Qur’an “Tawheed-i-uluhiya”
First dealt with ita’a; second deals with itiba’


A universal weakness- craving for heroes
Others have to artificially carve out heroes for
themselves; new one for each age
 Lenin, Stalin, “founding fathers”, Iqbal, Jinnah etc.
 They bring people closer

The universality of his personality makes him
a timeless mercy ensuring
 Cultural continuity
 Cultural homogeneity
▪ United by his love

ِ ‫يا أَيُّها الَّ ِذين آمنُوا ال تَرفَعوا أَصواتَ ُكم فَو َق صو ِت النَِِّب وال َنَتهروا لَو بِالن َقوِل َكجه ِر ب ع‬
ٍ ‫ض ُك نم لِبَ نع‬
‫ض أَ نن َنَتبَ َط‬
‫ِّ َ َ ُ ُ ن َ ن َ ن‬
َ َ
َ َ
‫ن ُ نَ ن ن َن‬
‫أ نَع َمالُ ُك نم َوأَننتُ نم ال تَ نشعُُرو َن‬
049.002 O ye who believe! Raise not your voices above the voice of the
Prophet, nor speak aloud to him in talk, as ye may speak aloud to
one another, lest your deeds become vain and ye perceive not.
ِ‫ول اللَّ ِو أُولَئ‬
ِ ‫ك الَّ ِذين امتَحن اللَّو قُلُوب هم لِلتَّ نقوى َلم م نغ ِررةٌ وأَجر ع‬
ِ ‫إِ َّن الَّ ِذين ي غُضُّو َن أَصواتَهم ِعن َد رس‬
‫يم‬
‫ظ‬
َ
َ
ُ
‫ن‬
‫ن‬
ُ
ُ
َ
َ
َُ
ََ
‫نَ ُ ن‬
ٌ ٌ َ َ ‫َ ن َ ن‬
َ
َ
049.003 Those that lower their voices in the presence of Allah's
Messenger,- their hearts has Allah tested for piety: for them is
Forgiveness and a great Reward.

The means to earn taqwa: honor and respect him!

ِ ‫إِ َّن الَّ ِذين ي نادونَك ِمن ور‬
ِ ‫اْلجر‬
‫ات أَ نكثَ ُرُى نم ال يَ نع ِقلُو َن‬
‫اء‬
‫ن‬
َ ُ ُ َ َ ‫َ َُ ُ َ ن‬

049.004 Those who shout out to thee from without the inner

apartments - most of them lack understanding.

ِ‫ولَو أَنَّهم صب روا ح ََّّت ََتنرج إِلَي ِهم لَ َكا َن خي را َلم واللَّو َغ ُرور ر‬
‫يم‬
‫ح‬
ٌ َ ٌ ُ َ ‫َ ن ً ُن‬
‫َ ن ُ ن ََ ُ َ ُ َ ن ن‬

049.005 If only they had patience until thou couldst come out to them,

it would be best for them: but Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

ٍَ‫صيبوا قَوما ِِبهال‬
ِ َ‫يا أَيُّها الَّ ِذين آمنُوا إِ نن جاء ُكم ف‬
ِ ُ‫اسق بِنَبٍإ فَتَب يَّ نُوا أَ نن ت‬
‫صبِ ُحوا َعلَ ى َما فَ َع نلتُ نم‬
‫ت‬
‫ف‬
‫ة‬
َ
ُ
ٌ
‫ن‬
ََ ً ‫ُ ن‬
َ َ
َ َ
َ َ
‫ََ ن‬
ِ
ِ
‫ْي‬
َ ‫نَادم‬
049.006 O ye who believe! If a wicked person comes to you with any

news, ascertain the truth, lest ye harm people unwittingly, and
afterwards become full of repentance for what ye have done.

Know!

He may be your nephew, husband, father-in-law, son-in-law; but know! He is Rasulullah!

ِ‫َن ف‬
ِ َ‫ول اللَّ ِو لَو ي ِطيع ُكم ِِف َكثِ ٍري ِمن األم ِر لَعنِتُّم ول‬
َّ
‫ب إِلَني ُك ُم اإلميَا َن َوَزيَّنَوُ ِِف قُلُوبِ ُك نم َوَكَّرَه إِلَني ُك ُم الن ُك نرَر‬
‫ب‬
‫ح‬
‫و‬
‫ل‬
‫ال‬
‫ن‬
‫ك‬
‫س‬
‫ر‬
‫م‬
‫ك‬
‫ي‬
ُ
َ
َّ
َّ
َ
‫ن‬
َ
ُ
َ
ُ
ُ
‫ن‬
‫ن‬
َ ‫َو ناعلَ ُموا أ َّ ن‬
َ‫ن‬
َ
َ ِ
ِ
ِ
‫الراش ُدو َن‬
َ ‫َوالن ُر ُس‬
َّ ‫ك ُى ُم‬
َ ‫صيَا َن أُولَئ‬
‫وق َوالنع ن‬

049.007 And know that among you is Allah's Messenger: were he, in many matters, to follow your

(wishes), ye would certainly fall into misfortune: But Allah has endeared the Faith to you, and
has made it beautiful in your hearts, and He has made hateful to you Unbelief, wickedness,
and rebellion: such indeed are those who walk in righteousness;049.008

ِ
ِ
ِ ِ ِ ‫فَ ن‬
‫يم‬
ٌ ‫يم َحك‬
ٌ ‫ضال م َن اللَّو َون نع َمةً َواللَّوُ َعل‬

A Grace and Favour from Allah; and Allah is full of Knowledge and Wisdom.

And know that his sunnah is among you!


Shelve your intellects, philosophies, and sayings.
You can research the authenticity of the hadith; if its sahih then shush!
Lest your righteous acts go to waste and you don’t even realize it.


What is the fundamental principle of the
Islamic state?
Why are there very detailed laws for
individual, familial, and even social affairs,
but fewer for the economic and political?
ِ ‫أ‬- was repeated for the messenger but not
‫َطيعُوا‬
for the ulil amr. Relate a saying of Abu Bakr
that is a tafseer of this omission.





What are the harms of overly lionizing
personalities?
What is the difference between itiba’ and
ita’a?
Which ayaat of Surah al-Fath do ayaat 2-8
elaborate, and how?
What is the recipe of attaining taqwa?
Now that the Messenger SAW has passed
away, how do we apply the ayaat 2-8 in our
lives?

Ayaat 6, 9-12

ِ َ‫يا أَيُّها الَّ ِذين آمنُوا إِ نن جاء ُكم ف‬
ِ ُ‫اسق بِنَبٍإ فَتَب يَّ نُوا أَ نن ت‬
‫صيبُوا قَ نوًما‬
َ َ
َ َ ٌ ‫ََ ن‬
َ َ
ِ ‫ِِبهالٍَة فَتُصبِحوا علَ ى ما فَع نلتُم نَ ِاد‬
‫ْي‬
‫م‬
َ
ََ
‫ن ُ َ َ َ ن‬
049.006 O ye who believe! If a wicked person

comes to you with any news, ascertain the
truth, lest ye harm people unwittingly, and
afterwards become full of repentance for what
ye have done.

ِ‫ان ِمن النمؤِمنِْي اقن تت لُوا فَأَصل‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
‫ت إِ نح َد ُاُهَا َعلَ ى‬
‫غ‬
‫ب‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ف‬
‫ا‬
‫م‬
‫ه‬
‫ن‬
‫ي‬
‫ب‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ح‬
‫ت‬
‫ر‬
‫ائ‬
‫ط‬
‫ن‬
‫َوإ‬
َ
‫ن‬
‫ن‬
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
‫ن‬
َ
‫ن‬
َ
‫ن‬
‫ن‬
ُ
ُ
َ
َ
َ
ُ
َ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َّ
َّ
ِ
ِ
‫َصلِ ُحوا بَني نَ ُه َما‬
‫أ‬
‫ف‬
‫ت‬
‫اء‬
‫ف‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ف‬
‫و‬
‫ل‬
‫ال‬
‫ر‬
‫َم‬
‫أ‬
‫َل‬
‫إ‬
‫يء‬
‫ر‬
‫ت‬
‫َّت‬
‫ح‬
‫ي‬
‫غ‬
‫ب‬
‫ت‬
‫ِت‬
‫ل‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ل‬
‫األخَرى فَ َقات‬
َّ
َ
ُ
‫ن‬
‫َ ن ِ َ ِ َ َ ن ِ َ ن ِ َ َِ ن َ ن‬
‫ْي‬
ُّ ‫بِالن َع ندل َوأَقنسطُوا إِ َّن اللَّوَ ُُي‬
َ ‫ب الن ُم نقسط‬
049.009 If two parties among the Believers fall into a quarrel, make ye
peace between them: but if one of them transgresses beyond bounds
against the other, then fight ye (all) against the one that
transgresses until it complies with the command of Allah; but if it
complies, then make peace between them with justice, and be fair:
for Allah loves those who are fair (and just).

ِ‫إََِّّنَا النمؤِمنو َن إِخوةٌ فَأَصل‬
‫َخ َوين ُك نم َواتَّ ُقوا اللَّوَ لَ َعلَّ ُك نم تُ نر ََحُو َن‬
‫أ‬
‫ْي‬
‫ب‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ح‬
َ َ ‫ُ ن ُ ن َ ن ُ َن‬

049.010 The Believers are but a single Brotherhood: So make peace and

reconciliation between your two (contending) brothers; and fear Allah, that
ye may receive Mercy.

ِ َّ‫يا أَيُّها ال‬
‫وم ِم نن قَ نوٍم َع َس ى أَ نن يَ ُكونُوا َخني ًرا ِمن ُه نم َوال نِ َساءٌ ِم نن نِ َس ٍاء َع َس ى‬
‫ق‬
‫ر‬
‫خ‬
‫س‬
‫ي‬
‫ال‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ن‬
‫آم‬
‫ين‬
‫ذ‬
َ
ٌ ‫َ ِ َ ُ َ ن َِ ن‬
َ َ
ِ‫وق ب ع َد اإلميَان‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
‫أَ نن يَ ُك َّن َخني ًرا من ُه َّن َوال تَ نلم ُزوا أَنن ُر َس ُك نم َوال تَنَابَ ُزوا باأللن َق‬
‫االس ُم الن ُر ُس ُ َ ن‬
‫س ن‬
َ ‫اب بنئ‬
‫ك ُى ُم الظَّالِ ُمو َن‬
َ ِ‫ب فَأُولَئ‬
ُ‫َوَم نن ََلن يَت‬
‫ن‬
049.011 O ye who believe! Let not some men among you laugh at others: It may be
that the (latter) are better than the (former): Nor let some women laugh at others: It
may be that the (latter are better than the (former): Nor defame nor be sarcastic to
each other, nor call each other by (offensive) nicknames: Ill-seeming is a name
connoting wickedness, (to be used of one) after he has believed: And those who do
not desist are (indeed) doing wrong.

ِ َّ‫يا أَيُّها ال‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َّ
َّ
َّ
‫ض ُك نم‬
‫ع‬
‫ب‬
‫ب‬
‫ت‬
‫غ‬
‫ي‬
‫ال‬
‫و‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫س‬
‫س‬
‫َت‬
‫ال‬
‫و‬
‫ْث‬
‫إ‬
‫ن‬
‫ظ‬
‫ال‬
‫ض‬
‫ع‬
‫ب‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ن‬
‫ظ‬
‫ال‬
‫ن‬
‫م‬
‫ا‬
‫ري‬
‫ث‬
‫ك‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ب‬
‫ن‬
‫ت‬
‫اج‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ن‬
‫آم‬
‫ين‬
‫ذ‬
َ
‫ن‬
َ
ِّ
ِّ
‫ن‬
َّ
ُ ‫ٌ َ َ ُ َ َ َ ن َِ ن‬
َ ‫َ َ ِ َ َُ ن َ ُ ً َ ِ ِ َ ن‬
ِ
‫يم‬
ُّ ‫ضا أ َُُي‬
ً ‫بَ نع‬
ٌ ‫َح ُد ُك نم أَ نن يَأن ُك َل َْلن َم أَخيو َمنيتًا فَ َك ِرنىتُ ُموهُ َواتَّ ُقوا اللَّوَ إ َّن اللَّوَ تَ َّو‬
َ‫بأ‬
ٌ ‫اب َرح‬

049.012 O ye who believe! Avoid suspicion as much (as possible): for suspicion in some

cases is a sin: And spy not on each other , and do not backbite. Would any of you like
to eat the flesh of his dead brother? Nay, ye would abhor it...But fear Allah: For
Allah is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.

ِ َ‫يا أَيُّها الَّ ِذين آمنُوا إِ نن جاء ُكم ف‬
ِ ُ‫اسق بِنَبٍإ فَتَب يَّ نُوا أَ نن ت‬
‫صيبُوا قَ نوًما‬
َ َ
َ َ ٌ ‫ََ ن‬
َ َ
ِ ‫ِِبهالٍَة فَتُصبِحوا علَ ى ما فَع نلتُم نَ ِاد‬
‫ْي‬
‫م‬
َ
ََ
‫ن ُ َ َ َ ن‬
049.006 O ye who believe! If a wicked person

comes to you with any news, ascertain the
truth, lest ye harm people unwittingly, and
afterwards become full of repentance for what
ye have done.

Naba- Important news
 Who’s bringing it?
 Ascertain

If you don’t
 Imp decisions with huge consequences
 The wild-fire!

Hadith:
Doesn’t add anything; simply transmits!


Special attention in transmitting ahadith!
Asma-ur-Rijal !

‘tis but human to err!

ِ‫ان ِمن النم نؤِمن‬
ِ َ‫وإِ نن طَائَِرت‬
‫ْي اقن تَتَ لُوا‬
َ ُ َ
َ

 At times both parties are sincere and there’s an

outside influence
ِ no takfeer!
 َ‫ْم ْؤِمنِين‬
‫ل‬
‫ا‬
‫ن‬
‫م‬ُ َ


No sitting on the bench!
Nip the evil in the bud!
It’s an order!

‫َصلِ ُحوا بَني نَ ُه َما‬
‫فَأ ن‬

‫األخَرى‬
‫فَِإ نن بَغَ ن‬
‫ت إِ نح َد ُاُهَا َعلَ ى ن‬

“but if one of them transgresses against the other…”

 Refuses a truce and remains stubborn harming the Muslim

unity
 Transgresses the terms of a truce

‫فَ َقاتِلُوا الَِِّت تَنبغِي‬

“…then fight against the transgressor…”
 The entire ummah against the transgressor
‫َح ََّّت تَِريءَ إِ ََل أ نَم ِر اللَّ ِو‬
 “until it complies with the command of Allah”

ِ
‫َصلِ ُحوا بَني نَ ُه َما بِالن َع ند ِل َوأَقن ِسطُوا‬
‫أ‬
‫ف‬
‫ت‬
‫اء‬
‫ف‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ن‬
َ
َ
‫فَ َ ن ن‬

“but if it complies, then make peace between them
with justice, and be fair”
 Justice and fair-play; highlighted twice!
▪ Over-exuberance in enacting the shariah makes you unjust

Further encouragement!

ُِ ‫إِ َّن اللَّو‬
ِ ‫ب النم نق ِس‬
‫ْي‬
‫ط‬
‫ُي‬
ُّ
َ
َ
ُ

ِ‫إََِّّنَا النمؤِمنو َن إِخوةٌ فَأَصل‬
‫َخ َوين ُك نم‬
‫أ‬
‫ْي‬
‫ب‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ح‬
َ َ ‫ُ ن ُ ن َ ن ُ َن‬

“ The Believers are but a single Brotherhood: So make
peace and reconciliation between your two (contending)
brothers;”
 Brothers fight a lot
 Innately you cannot stand two brothers fighting and
you want to resolve the conflict.
 More shyateen active against bros for Islam
 The hadith

Easy to say that Palestinians are my brothers

‫َواتَّ ُقوا اللَّوَ لَ َعلَّ ُك نم تُ نر ََحُو َن‬
“and have the taqwa of Allah, that you may
receive Mercy.”

That day will come

Just make sure you’re of the people who
unite and not of those who create divisions;
deluded into thinking you’re doing da’wah



Prevalent
Belittled
Destructive
Disunite

ِ َّ‫يا أَيُّها ال‬
‫وم ِم نن قَ نوٍم َع َس ى أَ نن يَ ُكونُوا َخني ًرا ِمن ُه نم َوال‬
‫ق‬
‫ر‬
‫خ‬
‫س‬
‫ي‬
‫ال‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ن‬
‫آم‬
‫ين‬
‫ذ‬
َ
ٌ ‫َ ٍ َُ َ ن َ ن‬
َ َِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
‫ن َساءٌ م نن ن َساء َع َس ى أَ نن يَ ُك َّن َخني ًرا من ُه َّن‬
O you who believe! Let not some men among you laugh at others: It may be that
the (latter) are better than the (former): Nor let some women laugh at others: It
may be that the (latter) are better than the (former):

Women mentioned separately; a break in the norm
 More vulnerable
 Men addressed first though!

Cause for discord
 Between buddies
 Groups/Races/Tribes

Appearances may be deceptive

‫َع َس ى أَ نن يَ ُكونُوا َخني ًرا ِمن ُه نم‬

 Bilal RA

 You make fun based on appearance unaware of what rests in

the heart
 Indicative of your ego


‫َوال تَ نل ِم ُزوا أَنن ُر َس ُك نم‬
Don’t defame/pick faults/be sarcastic
Towards who? YOURSELVES!!
Hadith: “Don’t abuse your parents”

‫وال تَنَاب زوا بِاأللن َق ِ‬
‫اب‬
‫َ َُ‬
‫‪Even if he doesn’t respond; the rift has been‬‬
‫‪created‬‬
‫‪ Enemies can now enter‬‬
‫‪ Yardstick for Iman:‬‬

‫ِ‬
‫وم ِم نن قَ نوٍم َع َس ى أَ نن يَ ُكونُوا َخني ًرا ِمن ُه نم َوال نِ َساءٌ ِم نن‬
‫ق‬
‫ر‬
‫خ‬
‫س‬
‫ي‬
‫ال‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ن‬
‫آم‬
‫ين‬
‫ذ‬
‫يَا أَيُّ َها الَّ َ َ ُ َ ن َ ن َ ٌ‬
‫نِس ٍاء َعس ى أَ نن ي ُك َّن َخني را ِمن ه َّن وال تَ نل ِمُزوا أَنن ُرس ُكم وال تَنَاب زوا بِاأللن َق ِ‬
‫اب بِْئسَ‬
‫َ ن َ َُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ً ُ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫االسمَالْ ُفسو ُقَب ْعدَاإليم ِ‬
‫ك ُى ُم الظَّال ُمو َن‬
‫ت‬
‫ي‬
‫َل‬
‫ن‬
‫م‬
‫و‬
‫َ‬
‫ان‬
‫َ‬
‫ب فَأُولَئ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ََ ن ن َ ن‬
‫ُْ ُ‬

‫‪‬‬


ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َّ
َّ
‫ض الظَّ ِّن إِ نٌْث‬
‫ع‬
‫ب‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ن‬
‫ظ‬
‫ال‬
‫ن‬
‫م‬
‫ا‬
‫ري‬
‫ث‬
‫ك‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ب‬
‫ن‬
‫ت‬
‫اج‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ن‬
‫آم‬
‫ين‬
‫ذ‬
َ ‫يَا أَيُّ َها الَّ َ َ ُ ن َ ُ َ ً َ ِّ َ ن‬
Give your brothers the benefit of doubt;
You’ll benefit the most


‫َوال ََتَ َّس ُسوا‬

Don’t lie in wait of other’s faults
Invest your time in something constructive
Spy on your ownself!

‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َّ‬
‫َّ‬
‫ض الظَّ ِّن إِ نْثٌ َوال ََتَ َّس ُسوا َوال‬
‫ع‬
‫ب‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ن‬
‫ظ‬
‫ال‬
‫ن‬
‫م‬
‫ا‬
‫ري‬
‫ث‬
‫ك‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ب‬
‫ن‬
‫ت‬
‫اج‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ن‬
‫آم‬
‫ين‬
‫ذ‬
‫يَا أَيُّ َها الَّ َ َ ُ ن َ ُ َ ً َ ِّ َ ن َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ن‬
‫َ‬
‫وه‬
‫م‬
‫ت‬
‫ى‬
‫ر‬
‫ك‬
‫ف‬
‫ا‬
‫ت‬
‫ي‬
‫م‬
‫يو‬
‫َخ‬
‫أ‬
‫م‬
‫ْل‬
‫ل‬
‫ك‬
‫أ‬
‫ي‬
‫ن‬
‫أ‬
‫م‬
‫ك‬
‫د‬
‫َح‬
‫أ‬
‫ب‬
‫َُي‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ن‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ض ُك نم بَ نع ً‬
‫ب بَ نع ُ‬
‫َ نً َ ن ُ ُ ُ‬
‫يَ نغتَ ن‬
‫ضا أ ُ ُّ َ ن َ َ ن َ‬
‫!‪ Imagine cannibals‬‬
‫‪ A corpse can’t defend itself‬‬

‫واتَّ ُقوا اللَّو إِ َّن اللَّو تَ َّواب رِ‬
‫ح‬
‫يم‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ٌ َ ٌ‬

List the 8 points ways of safeguarding Muslim
unity as explained Surah Hujraat
 Give examples of they cause discord in our daily

lives


What do the three points in ayah 11 have in
common in contrast to those in ayah 12.
Are there any exceptions to the don’ts given
in ayah 12?
How many times does Allah mention taqwa in
this surah?

Ayaat 13-18

‫َّاس إِنَّا َخلَ نقنَا ُك نم ِم نن ذَ َك ٍر َوأُننثَ ى َو َج َع نلنَا ُك نم ُشعُوبًا َوقَبَائِ َل لِتَ َع َارفُوا إِ َّن‬
‫ن‬
‫ال‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫َي‬
‫أ‬
‫ا‬
‫ي‬
ُّ
َ
َ
ُ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َّ
َّ
ٌ‫يم َخبري‬
ٌ ‫أَ نكَرَم ُك نم عن َد اللو أَتن َقا ُك نم إ َّن اللوَ َعل‬
049.013 O mankind! We created you from a single

(pair) of a male and a female, and made you into
nations and tribes, that you may know each other
(not that you may despise (each other). Verily the
most honored of you in the sight of Allah is (he
who is) the most righteous of you. And Allah has
full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all
things).

ِ َ‫األعراب آمنَّا قُل ََل تُ نؤِمنُوا ول‬
ِ َ‫قَال‬
‫َسلَ نمنَا َولَ َّما يَ ند ُخ ِل اإلميَا ُن ِِف قُلُوبِ ُك نم َوإِ نن‬
‫أ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ل‬
‫و‬
‫ق‬
‫ن‬
‫ك‬
‫ت‬
ُ
ُ
‫ن‬
‫ِن‬
‫َِ ُ َ ن ن‬
‫ن‬
َ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
‫يم‬
ٌ ‫تُطيعُوا اللَّوَ َوَر ُسولَوُ ال يَلنت ُك نم م نن أ نَع َمال ُك نم َشنيئًا إ َّن اللَّوَ َغ ُر‬
ٌ ‫ور َرح‬
049.014 The desert Arabs say, "We believe." Say, “You have no faith; but you

(should only)say, 'We have submitted our will to Allah,' For not yet has
Faith entered your hearts. But if you obey Allah and His Messenger, He will
not belittle any of your deeds: for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful."

ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ‫إََِّّنَا النم نؤ‬
ِ
َّ
َّ
049.015 ‫اى ُدوا بِأ نَم َوالِِ نم‬
‫ج‬
‫و‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫اب‬
‫ت‬
‫ر‬
‫ي‬
‫َل‬
‫ْث‬
‫و‬
‫ل‬
‫و‬
‫س‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫و‬
‫ل‬
‫ال‬
‫ب‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ن‬
‫آم‬
‫ين‬
‫ذ‬
‫ل‬
‫ا‬
‫ن‬
‫و‬
‫ن‬
‫م‬
َّ
ُ
َ
َ
َ
ُ
ُ
َ َ َ ُ ‫َ َ ُ ِ ن َِ ن‬
َ
ُ
َ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
‫الصادقُو َن‬
َّ ‫ك ُى ُم‬
َ ‫َوأَنن ُرسه نم ِف َسب ِيل اللَّو أُولَئ‬
049.015 Only those are Believers who have believed in Allah and His

Messenger, and have never since doubted, but have struggled with their
belongings and their persons in the Cause of Allah: Such are the sincere
ones.

ِ
ِ ‫السماو‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َّ
ِ ‫األر‬
049.016 ُ‫ض َواللَّو‬
‫ِف‬
‫ا‬
‫م‬
‫و‬
‫ات‬
‫ِف‬
‫ا‬
‫م‬
‫م‬
‫ل‬
‫ع‬
‫ي‬
‫و‬
‫ل‬
‫ال‬
‫و‬
‫م‬
‫ك‬
‫ين‬
‫د‬
ُ
َ
َّ
‫ن‬
َ َ َ َِ ٍ
َ ُِ ‫قُ نل أَتُ َعلِّ ُمو َن اللَّوَ ب ن َ ُ َ ن‬
‫ب ُك ِّل َش نيء َعليم‬
049.016 Say: "What! Will ye instruct Allah about your religion? But Allah
knows all that is in the heavens and on earth: He has full knowledge of all
things.

ِ
049.017 ‫الم ُك نم بَ ِل اللَّوُ َميُ ُّن َعلَني ُك نم أَ نن‬
‫س‬
‫َسلَ ُموا قُ نل ال ََتُنُّوا َعلَ َّي إ‬
‫ك أَ نن أ‬
‫َميُنُّو َن َعلَني‬
َ
‫ن‬
‫ن‬
َ
ِ‫ان إِ نن ُكنتم ص ِادق‬
ِ َ‫ى َدا ُكم لِإلمي‬
‫ْي‬
ُ
َ َ ‫ن‬
‫َ ن‬
049.017 They impress on you as a favor that they have embraced Islam. Say,
"Count not your Islam as a favor upon me: Nay, Allah has conferred a favor
upon you that He has guided you to the faith, if you be true and sincere.”

ِ ‫السماو‬
ِ ‫ض واللَّو ب‬
ِ‫إ‬
َّ
ِ
َّ
049.018 ‫صريٌ ِِبَا تَ نع َملُو َن‬
‫األر‬
‫و‬
‫ات‬
‫ي‬
‫غ‬
‫م‬
‫ل‬
‫ع‬
‫ي‬
‫و‬
‫ل‬
‫ال‬
‫ن‬
َ
َ
‫ن‬
‫ن‬
َ
َ ُ َ ‫ب َّ َ َ َ ن‬
َ
َ ُ

049.018 Verily Allah knows the secrets of the heavens and the earth: and
Allah Sees well all that ye do."

Addressees change

 Universal truth

1. One Creator!

Reject this and that disunites you!

2. Same parents

‫َّاس‬
ُ ‫يَا أَيُّ َها الن‬
‫إِنَّا َخلَ نقنَا ُك نم‬
‫ِم نن ذَ َك ٍر َوأُننثَ ى‬

Zealous rejection at times

So that you know each other

‫َو َج َع نلنَا ُك نم ُشعُوبًا َوقَبَائِ َل‬

 Where’s he from, history, qualities etc.
 The diversity in Allah’s creation

‫لِتَ َع َارفُوا‬

‫إِ َّن أَ نكَرَم ُك نم ِعن َد اللَّ ِو أَتن َقا ُك نم‬

Say no to racism
 Rejecting the creator and common ancestry paves
the way for racial and/or national enmities.
 Work for Taqwa!
 Do we start judging each other on that then?

Allah knows!

ِ‫إِ َّن اللَّو عل‬
‫يم َخبِ ٌري‬
ٌ ََ

‫َّاس إِنَّا َخلَ نقنَا ُك نم ِم نن ذَ َك ٍر َوأُننثَ ى َو َج َع نلنَا ُك نم ُشعُوبًا َوقَبَائِ َل لِتَ َع َارفُوا إِ َّن‬
‫يَا أَيُّ َها الن ُ‬
‫أَ نكرم ُكم ِعن َد اللَّ ِو أَتن َقا ُكم إِ َّن اللَّو علِ‬
‫يم َخبِ ٌري‬
‫ن‬
‫ََ ن‬
‫َ َ ٌ‬
‫‪ Connect to the subject before‬‬
‫‪ Racial pride leads to the sordid six‬‬
‫!‪ Allah created you all‬‬

The distinction is not based on color,
nationality, language etc. Its based on taqwa.

You can’t change your race no matter you do
but you can work towards taqwa.
The day you declare shahada you can stand
next to the Sheikh-ul-Islam in salah!


The Global Village
Multiple states; warring and competing
 Universal suicide

Need for a universal state
 League of Nations and UNO
▪ Super failures

Only universal commonalities
 One Creator and one ancestry

Ayah 14


The most important ayah on this subject
For the most part they are synonyms and
used interchangebly
 Eeman is the state of the heart and Islam is its

practical manifestation

‫األعراب آمنَّا قُل ََل تُ نؤِمنُوا ولَ ِ‬
‫قَالَ ِ‬
‫َسلَ نمنَا‬
‫أ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ل‬
‫و‬
‫ق‬
‫ن‬
‫ك‬
‫ت‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ن‬
‫ن‬
‫َ ُ َ ن ن‬
‫َ ن‬

‫‪Did not leave it at that:‬‬

‫‪‬‬

‫…‪They can claim to have surrendered though‬‬

‫‪‬‬

‫َولَ َّما يَ ند ُخ ِل اإلميَا ُن ِِف قُلُوبِ ُك نم‬

‫وإِ نن تُ ِطيعوا اللَّو ورسولَو ال يلِنت ُكم ِمن أ نَعمالِ ُكم َشيئا إِ َّن اللَّو َغ ُرور رِ‬
‫يم‬
‫ح‬
‫ُ َ َ َ ُ ُ َ ن ن َ ن نً‬
‫َ ٌَ ٌ‬
‫َ‬
‫…‪ From His mercy‬‬

Meccan periond
 Eeman preceded Islam

Medinan period
 Aws and Khazraj entered as tribes
 Hypocrites emerged

Conquest of Mecca
 Quraish, hawazan, and thaqif fell
 The Messenger salallahu’alaihi wassalam, is the

most powerful Arab.


A tribal decision converts people but not hearts!
There are exceptions:

ِ ‫ات ِعن َد اللَّ ِو وصلَو‬
ٍ ‫َّخ ُذ ما ي ن ِرق قُرب‬
ِ ‫اآلخ ِر وي ت‬
ِ ‫اب من ي نؤِمن بِاللَّ ِو والني وِم‬
ِ
ِ
‫ات‬
‫ر‬
‫األع‬
‫ن‬
‫م‬
َُ ُ ُِِ َ َ َ ِ ‫َ َ ن‬
ُ ُ ‫َو َ ن َ ِ َ ن‬
َََ ِ
ِ‫الرسول أَال إِنَّ َها قُربةٌ َلُم سي ندخلُ ُهم اللَّوُ ِِف ر نَحَتو إ‬
َّ
َّ
‫يم‬
‫ح‬
‫ر‬
‫ور‬
‫ر‬
‫غ‬
‫و‬
‫ل‬
‫ال‬
‫ن‬
َ
ُ
َ
ٌ
ُ َ ‫نَ ن‬
ُ َّ
ٌ َ
َ
ُ
009.099But

some of the desert Arabs believe in Allah and
the Last Day, and look on their payments as pious gifts
bringing them nearer to Allah and obtaining the prayers
of the Messenger. Aye, indeed they bring them nearer
(to Him): soon will Allah admit them to His Mercy: for
Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.

‫األعراب آمنَّا قُل ََل تُ نؤِمنُوا ولَ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َسلَ نمنَا َولَ َّما يَ ند ُخ ِل اإلميَا ُن ِِف‬
‫أ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ل‬
‫و‬
‫ق‬
‫ن‬
‫ك‬
‫ت‬
‫ُ‬
‫قَالَ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ن‬
‫نَ ُ َ ن ن‬
‫َ ن‬
‫قُلُوبِ ُك نم‬
‫!‪We fall under the same category‬‬

‫‪‬‬

‫‪ Born into Islam‬‬

‫‪But we have a chance:‬‬
‫وإِ نن تُ ِطيعوا اللَّو ورسولَو ال يلِنت ُكم ِمن أ نَعمالِ ُكم َشيئا إِ َّن اللَّو َغ ُرور رِ‬
‫يم‬
‫ح‬
‫ُ َ َ َ ُ ُ َ ن ن َ ن نً‬
‫َ ٌَ ٌ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪You don’t have Iman but He has mercy and‬‬
‫!‪forgiveness‬‬

‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬

No room for partial obedience
 To score full in one order and ignore, reject, stomp

on the other? Transgression, stubbornness,
audacity, and jesting with Allah!

ِ‫ض فَما جزاء من ي نرعل َذل‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ٍ
ِ
‫ك ِمن ُك نم‬
‫ع‬
‫ب‬
‫ب‬
‫ن‬
‫و‬
‫ر‬
‫ر‬
‫ك‬
‫ت‬
‫و‬
‫اب‬
‫ت‬
‫ك‬
‫ل‬
‫ا‬
‫ض‬
‫ع‬
‫ب‬
‫ب‬
‫ن‬
‫و‬
‫ن‬
‫م‬
‫ن‬
‫ن‬
َ
َ
َ ُ َ َ ‫َ ََ ُُ َ ن َ َ َ ُ َ ن‬
‫أَفَتُ نؤ ُ َ ن‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ ‫إِال‬
ِ ‫َش ِّد النع َذ‬
ِ
ِ
‫اب َوَما اللَّ ُو‬
‫أ‬
‫َل‬
‫إ‬
‫ن‬
‫و‬
‫د‬
‫ر‬
‫ي‬
‫ة‬
‫ام‬
‫ي‬
‫ق‬
‫ل‬
‫ا‬
‫م‬
‫و‬
‫ي‬
‫و‬
‫ا‬
‫ي‬
‫ُّن‬
‫الد‬
‫اة‬
‫ي‬
‫اْل‬
‫ِف‬
‫ي‬
‫ز‬
‫خ‬
ُّ
‫ن‬
‫ن‬
َ
‫ن‬
َ
َ
َ
ََ
ٌ‫ن‬
َُ َ َ َ ‫َ َ َ ن‬
‫بِغَافِ ٍل َع َّما تَ نع َملُو َن‬

And when I fall down, I just pick myself back up!
 But if I insist on staying in the mud…

In an Islamic State
 Citizenship is based on Islam

In aakhira
 Salvation is based on Eeman
 What is Eeman?

ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َّ
َّ
َّ
‫م‬
‫ل‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫َّن‬
‫ين‬
‫ذ‬
‫ل‬
‫ا‬
‫ن‬
‫و‬
‫ن‬
‫م‬
‫ؤ‬
‫آم‬
‫و‬
‫و‬
‫ل‬
‫ال‬
‫ب‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ن‬
‫ر‬
‫س‬
‫ي‬
‫َل‬
‫ْث‬
‫و‬
‫ل‬
‫و‬
‫ر‬
‫اب‬
‫ت‬
‫و‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ج‬
‫اى ُدوا‬
‫ن‬
َّ
ُ
َ
َ
َُ َ َ ُ ‫إ ُ ن‬
َ َ َ ُ َ‫ن َن‬
ُ ََ
ِِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َّ
ِ
ُ
‫الص ِادقُو َن‬
‫م‬
‫ى‬
‫ك‬
‫ئ‬
‫ل‬
‫و‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
‫ل‬
‫ال‬
‫يل‬
‫ب‬
‫س‬
‫ِف‬
‫م‬
‫ه‬
‫س‬
‫ر‬
‫َن‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
‫م‬
‫ال‬
‫و‬
‫َم‬
‫أ‬
َّ ُ ُ َ َ
‫ن‬
َ ‫ب نَ ن َ ُ ن‬
049.015 Only those are Believers who have believed in

Allah and His Messenger, and have never since doubted,
but have struggled with their belongings and their persons
in the Cause of Allah: Such are the sincere ones.

The most important ayah on the subject

ِ َّ‫إََِّّنَا النمؤِمنو َن ال‬
‫ين‬
‫ذ‬
ُ ‫ُن‬
َ

“Jamal is a doctor” and “Only Jamal is a doctor”

The Bedouins claim as well; but only these people
are true to their claim!

‫الص ِادقُو َن‬
َّ ‫ك ُى ُم‬
َ ِ‫أُولَئ‬

Eeman
 1st is ideological: Believe in Allah and Rasulullah,

then don’t doubt. We spoke about this in detail
before
‫ل َْم يَ نرتَابُوا‬
 2nd is practical:
‫اى ُدوا بِأ نَم َوالِِ نم َوأَنن ُر ِس ِه نم ِِف َسبِ ِيل اللَّ ِو‬
َ ‫َو َج‬

What it is not
 War; the pinnacle of Jihad but not restricted to it.
 Any war fought by any Muslim

What it is:
 to strive for something

vs
=
or

i.e. struggle

Inevitable consequence of sincerity:
 E.g. a Marxist and a capitalist
 Believer in Allah and His Messenger

ِ
ِ ‫السماو‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َّ
ِ ‫األر‬
049.016 ُ‫ض َواللَّو‬
‫ِف‬
‫ا‬
‫م‬
‫و‬
‫ات‬
‫ِف‬
‫ا‬
‫م‬
‫م‬
‫ل‬
‫ع‬
‫ي‬
‫و‬
‫ل‬
‫ال‬
‫و‬
‫م‬
‫ك‬
‫ين‬
‫د‬
ُ
َ
َّ
‫ن‬
َ َ َ َِ ٍ
َ ُِ ‫قُ نل أَتُ َعلِّ ُمو َن اللَّوَ ب ن َ ُ َ ن‬
‫ب ُك ِّل َش نيء َعليم‬
049.016 Say: "What! Will ye instruct Allah about your religion? But Allah
knows all that is in the heavens and on earth: He has full knowledge of all
things.

ِ
049.017 ‫الم ُك نم بَ ِل اللَّوُ َميُ ُّن َعلَني ُك نم أَ نن‬
‫س‬
‫َسلَ ُموا قُ نل ال ََتُنُّوا َعلَ َّي إ‬
‫ك أَ نن أ‬
‫َميُنُّو َن َعلَني‬
َ
‫ن‬
‫ن‬
َ
ِ‫ان إِ نن ُكنتم ص ِادق‬
ِ َ‫ى َدا ُكم لِإلمي‬
‫ْي‬
ُ
َ َ ‫ن‬
‫َ ن‬
049.017 They impress on you as a favor that they have embraced Islam. Say,
"Count not your Islam as a favor upon me: Nay, Allah has conferred a favor
upon you that He has guided you to the faith, if you be true and sincere.”

ِ ‫السماو‬
ِ ‫ض واللَّو ب‬
ِ‫إ‬
َّ
ِ
َّ
049.018 ‫صريٌ ِِبَا تَ نع َملُو َن‬
‫األر‬
‫و‬
‫ات‬
‫ي‬
‫غ‬
‫م‬
‫ل‬
‫ع‬
‫ي‬
‫و‬
‫ل‬
‫ال‬
‫ن‬
َ
َ
‫ن‬
‫ن‬
َ
َ ُ َ ‫ب َّ َ َ َ ن‬
َ
َ ُ

049.018 Verily Allah knows the secrets of the heavens and the earth: and
Allah Sees well all that ye do."

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.