You are on page 1of 12

The ozone layer

Early Earth
 Early earth didn’t have
any oxygen
Early Earth
 3.5 billion years ago,
single-celled, blue-green
cyanobacteria
 They captured the energy
of the sun to make food,
releasing oxygen as a http://user.uni-frankfurt.de/~schauder/cyanos/image9.jpg

waste product.
 Little by little they turned
the atmosphere into
breathable air, opening the
way to the diversity of life
that followed.

http://www.mfe.govt.nz/publications/ser/snapshot-lake-water-quality-
nov06/html/images/cyanobacteria.jpg
Early Earth
 Later on, larger plants
developed and
increased the amount
of oxygen in the air
The atmosphere
 Layer of gases that
surround the earth
 The atmosphere protects
life on Earth by absorbing
ultraviolet solar radiation,
warming the surface
through the greenhouse http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/be/Top_of_Atmosphere.jpg

effect, and reducing


temperature extremes
between day and night.
The atmosphere
 The atmosphere is
divided into layers
 The ozone layer is in
the stratosphere
 The ozone layer is
where large amounts
of the ozone molecule
are present
What is ozone?
 Ozone is a molecule that has 3 oxygen
atoms

 Oxygen is a molecule that has 2 oxygen


atoms (this is what we breathe)
What does the ozone do for us?
 Like a good pair of sunglasses,
the ozone layer acts like a natural
filter, blocking out most of the
sun's harmful UV (ultraviolet)
rays. Without the ozone layer,
more people would get sunburns,
skin cancer and cataracts. Plants
and animals would also be
affected. So we can think of the
ozone layer as our planet's own
protective sunscreen.
Ozone damage
 http://
www.youtube.com/watch?v
=qUfVMogIdr8

http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/60938main_ozone_hole.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.nasa.gov/audience/foreducators/k-
4/features/F_Ozone_Friend_or_Foe_prt.htm&usg=__xkw5D7VL_dyfdfQJtYEzYZQ8Efw=&h=317&w=330&sz=50&hl=en&start=16&sig2=e9F0GO7vjg2mMxtZyqM7tA&um=1&tbnid=PfOs77CRXvF
-fM:&tbnh=114&tbnw=119&ei=8RtFSYHNEYyGsAORmbiZBA&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dozone%2Bhole%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26rls%3Dcom.microsoft:*%26sa%3DN
Ozone damage
 CFCs (chloroflorocarbons) and
other ozone-depleting chemicals
were first mass-produced in the
1950s for use as refrigerants,
industrial solvents, cleaning fluids
and agents in making foam
products. In the late 1960s, they
were widely used in spray cans.
In 1980, Canada and other
countries banned CFC use in
aerosol sprays.
Ozone damage
 Although CFCs do not
harm the environment
near the ground, they
slowly travel upwards
to the ozone layer
where they are broken
down by UV light into
chlorine atoms. Here,
the chlorine atoms eat
away at the ozone like
pac-men.
Question
 The planet Mars has little atmosphere. At
any given location, temperatures change
daily from far below zero to above 100
degrees C. What is Mars lacking that would
explain these extremes?

Mars lacks an ozone layer in the


upper atmosphere