You are on page 1of 15

Speech Organ

The organs, which take part in the production of speech sounds, are called speech organs. When we speak, air comes out through the lungs and it is interfered at various places for the production of sounds. Sounds cannot occur without air.

Speech Organs
Important organs 1. Lips 2. Teeth 3. Alveolar ridge 4. Tongue 5. Larynx 6. Vocal cords 7. Epiglottis 8. Pharynx 9. Soft palate 10. Uvula 11. Hard palate
Figure of organs of speech

English Sounds
Phonetics is the study of sounds made by humans when they talk English Language is bound to the phonetic script which is International Phonetic Association (IPA) method. Phonemes are the smallest unit of sound in a language which carries distinctive meaning such as /p/, /b/. /t/, /d/ and so on.

Consonant
is a sound in spoken language that is characterized by a constriction or closure at one or more points along the vocal tract. The word consonant comes from Latin meaning "sounding with" or "sounding together", the idea being that consonants don't sound on their own, but only occur with a nearby vowel.

consonants
There are voiced consonants and voiceless consonants. it can classify into several categories such as stops/plosives, fricatives, affricates, nasals, liquids and semi vowels.

Vowels
Vowels will be categorized to two types which are simple vowels/monophthongs and diphthongs.

sound production
three sound production processes which are initiation, phonation, and articulation. Initiation is the production of any speech sound requires the creation of an air stream in the vocal tract. Phonation occurs as the airstream passes through the larynx, it is modified by the vocal cords, through the introduction of voice. Articulation occurs as the airstream passes through the vocal tract, it may be modified by the movement of the articulators such as lips and tongue preventing its passage through the vocal tract.

Phonation

TONGUE TWISTER COMPETITION


I saw a saw that could out saw any other saw I ever saw A good cook couldcook as much cookies as a good cook who could cook cookies A big bug bit the little beetle but the little beetle bit the big bug back

The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)[note 1] is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet. It was devised by the International Phonetic Association as a standardized representation of the sounds of spoken language.[1] The IPA is used byforeign language students and teachers, linguists, speech pathologists and therapists, singers, actors, lexicographers, constructed language creators (conlangers), and translators.[2][3] The IPA is designed to represent only those qualities of speech that are distinctive in spoken language: phonemes, intonation, and the separation of words and syllables.[1]