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SUBMITTED BYSHUKLA CSE 33(0905410099) cs-32


HDMI (High Definition Multimedia Interface) What is it ? HDMI v1.3 vs. existing technologies such as

Component, S video and DVI.

Active devices that are available to facilitate and

distribute HDMI.
Future advantages
HDMI problems

What is HDMI ?
HDMI is the first & only industry supported, uncompressed, all-digital audio/video interface.

HDMI provides an interface between any A/V source, such as a set-top box, DVD player, or A/V receiver and an audio or video monitor, such as a digital television (DTV), over a single cable.
HDMI supports standard, enhanced, or high-definition video, plus multichannel digital audio on a single cable. Transmits all HDTV standards and supports 8-channel, 192kHz, uncompressed digital audio, all currently-available compressed formats & lossless digital audio formats with bandwidth to spare to accommodate future enhancements and requirements

The HDMI specification defines the protocols, signals, electrical

interfaces and mechanical requirements of the standard. The maximum pixel clock rate for HDMI 1.0 was 165 MHz, which was sufficient for supporting (1,9201,200) at 60 Hz. HDMI 1.3 increased that to 340 MHz, which allows for higher resolution (2,5601,600) across a single digital link. An HDMI connection can either be single-link (type A/C) or dual-link (type B) For single-link connection video pixel rate of 25 MHz to 340 MHz For dual link connection 25 MHz to 680 MHz Video formats with rates below 25 MHz


Type A-Nineteen pins, with bandwidth to support all HDTV modes. Type A is electrically compatible with single-link DVI-D. The plug (male) connector outside dimensions are 13.9 mm 4.45 mm and the receptacle (female) connector inside dimensions are 14 mm 4.55 mm.

Type B- This connector has 29 pins and can carry double the video bandwidth of type A. Type B is electrically compatible ,but has not yet been used in any products.

Type C- A Mini connector defined in the HDMI 1.3 specification, it is intended for portable devices . It is smaller than the type A plug connector but has the same 19-pin configuration.
Type D- A Micro connector keeps the standard 19 pins of types A and C. The type D connector is 2.8 mm 6.4 mm. Type E- Automotive Connection System

Typical HDMI Set Up

Type A Connectors
HDMI type A receptacle connector 13.9 mm 4.45 mm HDMI type A plug connector 14 mm 4.55 mm

HDMI Ethernet Channel

HDMI Adoption

Typical HDMI Cables

HDMI Cables

Standard HDMI Cable - up to 1080i and 720p Standard HDMI Cable with Ethernet Automotive HDMI Cable High Speed HDMI Cable - 1080p, 4K, 3D and Deep Color High Speed HDMI Cable with Ethernet

1-Digital cameras and camcorders 2-Blu-ray Disc/HD DVD players 3-Personal computers 4- TVs


Going the Distance

Currently the answer is to have an equalizer.

Cables of long lengths have equalizers in them, easy solution,

cable life is shortened.

Equalizers can be fixed, adjustable and adaptive.

Cat5 extenders, allow for meters of added distance using Cat5

cable, but requires a transmitter and receiver.

HDMI Problems
Manufacturing, non-approved HDMI cables can produce poor results Poor installation, long cable runs, improper active devices, lack of knowledge Twisted cables, interconnects, connectors, and electronic components can create a maze of signal loss