For the past half century. . and at the same time they are bitter enemies who have been waging fierce struggles against one another for half a century.‖ The Korean peninsula—an area of eighty-five thousand square miles in northeast Asia jutting from China and abutting Japan—was a unified kingdom for thirteen hundred years. Although the Cold War ended with the Soviet . however. are brothers and sisters and cousins from the same heritage. Korea’s partition was a product of externally imposed events. . it has been a land divided.INTRODUCTION ―Koreans on either side of the dividing line . specifically the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union .

The United Nations passed a 1947 resolution calling for elections for a single government. In 1948 two governments were formed: the Sovietbacked Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. but the Soviet Union refused to cooperate. . with Seoul as its capital. The conflict between the two Koreas reached its bitter peak in the 1950–1953 Korean War. and the American-backed Republic of Korea.Union’s dissolution in 1991. with its capital in the northern city of Pyongyang. Korea has remained divided. which was both a civil war between Koreans and an international conflict involving soldiers from around the world.

armed and advised by the Soviets.North Korea. The United States responded by influencing the United Nations to pass a resolution authorizing a ―police action‖ to protect South Korea The results of the paths chosen by the two Koreas are two very different societies . invaded South Korea in 1950 in an attempt to unify the country.


. which meant to contain the spread of Communism.WHY DID IT HAPPEN?  North Korea had one type of government and South Korea had another and they were fighting as to which would control the country. North Korea wanted a communist form of government while the South wanted democracy.   The United States got involved because of the Cold War policy of containment.

and its people embittered and divided. industry and agriculture destroyed.CONSEQUENCES The war proved devastating to the peninsula. . The fact that Koreans “fought and killed each other” created “a foundation for real mistrust and hatred toward each other. with an estimated 2 to 4 million Koreans killed from war-related causes (out of an initial population of 30 million) Landscapes obliterated by heavy bombing.

SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEM     The proposal of founding the Democratic Federal Republic of Korea (DFRK) set forth by President Kim Il Sung. Then co-presidents or co-chairmen of the national unified government will be elected from the north and south under a rotational system. . The proposal for founding the DFRK is the most reasonable and fair way of reunification which keeps one side from seeking interests and doing damage to the other side. The proposal is to found to establish a national reunified government in which the north and the south equally participate on the principle of recognizing the system and government of other side.

. both military personnel and civilians. The economies of both North and South Korea took a major hit during and after the war. A demilitarized zone. The Korean War was the first real confrontation of the Cold War. however. It is known. it slowed down rapidly and is almost nonexistent today. that millions of people. Both the US and China have very varied estimates of the number of casualties of war.Summary     The number of casualties of the Korean War will never be fully known. took a long time to begin recovery but today is a booming economy. which is heavily guarded. South Korea. separate North and South Korea today. The Korean War set many of the standards for later conflicts in the Cold War. were tragically killed. on the other hand. While North Korea recovered fairly quickly after the war.

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