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The two most important phenomena impacting telecommunications over the past decade have been explosive parallel

growth of both the internet and mobile telephone services. The internet brought the benefits of data communications to the masses with email, the web, and ecommerce; while mobile service has enabled "follow-me anywhere/always on" telephony. The internet helped accelerate the trend from voice-centric to data-centric networking. Data already exceeds voice traffic and the data share continues to grow.

3G refers to the third generation of mobile telephony (that is, cellular) technology. The third generation, as the name suggests, follows two earlier generations The first launch of 3G was by NTT Docomo in Japan. Emtel launched the first 3G network in Africa.

Wi-Fi suggests wireless fidelity. Wi-fi is a mechanism that allows an electronic device to exchange data wirelessly over a computer network. A device enabled with Wi-Fi, such as a personal computer, video game console, smartphone, tablet or digital audio player, can connect to a network resource such as the Internet via a wireless network access point.

Internet access: A Wi-Fi-enabled device can connect to the Internet when within range of a wireless network connected to the Internet. The coverage of one or more (interconnected) access pointscalled hotspotscomprises an area as small as a few rooms or as large as many square miles. Direct computer-to-computer communications Wi-Fi also allows communications directly from one computer to another without an access point intermediary. This is called ad hoc Wi-Fi transmission.

Campus-wide Wi-Fi Many traditional college campuses provide at least partial wireless Wi-Fi Internet coverage

The bandwidth and location information available to 3G devices gives rise to applications not previously available to mobile phone users. Some of the applications are: Mobile TV Video on demand Videoconferencing Telemedicine Location-based services

With WCDMA based 3G, as the data speed increases the coverage area of the cell become smaller and smaller. For data rates of 2 Mbps and above, a WCDMA cell can cover only an area of 10 meter radius ie. about 300 sq. meters.

ADVANTAGES OF WIFI
Wi-Fi allows the deployment of local area networks (LANs) without wires for client devices, typically reducing the costs of network deployment and expansion. Spaces where cables cannot be run, such as outdoor areas and historical buildings, can host wireless LANs. As of 2010 manufacturers are building wireless network adapters into most laptops. The price of chipsets for Wi-Fi continues to drop, making it an economical networking option included in even more devices. Wi-Fi has become widespread in corporate infrastructures. Different competitive brands of access points and client network-interfaces can interoperate at a basic level of service. Products designated as "Wi-Fi Certified" by the WiFi Alliance are backwards compatible. "Wi-Fi" designates a globally operative set of standards: unlike mobile phones, any standard Wi-Fi device will work anywhere in the world.

3G The Advantage that 3G tends to have when compared to all earlier forms of next generation mobile communications systems is an improvement in bit rate. The higher bit rate capabilities have brought about a move in service providers to indulge into producing many bandwidth intensive applications that would not have been conceived of otherwise. It allows increased call volumes and support for multimedia data applications, such as video and photography. Consumers will be charged on the quantity of data they transmit, not on how much time they are connected to the network, while with 3G you are constantly online and basically pay for the information you receive.

SOME IMPLICATIONS FOR INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND PUBLIC POLICY


1. Wi-Fi is good for competition 2. Wi-Fi and 3G can compliment each other for a mobile provider. 3. Spectrum Success of Wi-Fi is potentially good for multimedia content. 4. Policy is key. 5. Technical progress favors heterogeneous future.