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Chapter 6 7 Acts & Road Legislation

Member name Amaranath A/L thangaraju Muisa Syahbani Bt Musyakir Siti Atiqah Bt Juhari Solehatun Husna Bt Husainin Siti Fazilah Bt Johari Dzul Nazrin B. Abd Rahman Nur zawawi B. Zulkiflee Norsyazwan B. Norzaid Sasikumar A/L manyvelau

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Environment al Quality Acts 1974


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Purposes

to identify,predict,evaluateand exchange informationaboutthe environmentalimpactfrom the proposed project toprovideprecautionary measuresbefore implementing the project toavoid anyenvironmental problems toreduce errorsin project implementation;

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Contents
Environmental QualityRegulation :

controlthe concentration of lead in motor gasoline 1985 motor-vehiclenoise1987 gasemission controlsand1977 environmental qualitylaws

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Control of Lead Concentrationin Motor Gasoline 1985.

Sanctionsto importormanufacture ofmotor gasolinewithlead content exceed0.4gram/liter. Sanctionshavemotor gasolinecontainingleadexceeding 0.4gram/liter afterJanuary 1, 1986. Sanctionsto import,manufacture,possesswith thecontentof motor gasoline

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MotorVehicle Noise1987

Maximumnoise levelproduced bymotorvehiclestwoorthreew heelassembledandmanufactured afterJanuary 1, 1990,is the levelof thestandardB: -Less than9092dB (A) -90andm ore than 95dB (A)

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The maximum levelthat can beproducedbymore thanthree-

Control of Smoke andGas1977

Notallowed to useorcausea carto smokewith a densityexceeding50Hartridge Smoke Unitorcomparable. RingelmannSmoke-chartcan be usedin addition tochartsHartridge/Ringelmannto examinethe density ofsmoke emission.

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Sound Pollution from Motorized Vehicles


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Factor of sound pollution

physicalvehicles:bodies, tires,andvehicle age engine:engine vibration, fans,refrigeration, gears, andexhaust

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Effects of sound pollution


hearing loss automaticnervoussystem disorders Disease disruption ofsleep disruptionefficiencies

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Air Pollution from Motorized Vehicles


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Factor of air pollution

mainpollutants:produceddirectly fromaknownsource secondpollution:airproducedbyth e interaction betweentwoormoreofpollutiono r majorelementof reaction products concentrationsof pollutants:vehiclecharacteristics, traffic congestion,roadarea, the characteristics ofthe physical environment

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Effects of air pollution

in humans -lead -carbon monoxide -nitrogendioxide

onplant -reducesoil fertility -lackof oxygen -precipitation ofcontaminants(toxicmud)

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Environment al Impact Assessment (EIA)


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Explanation of EIA

EffectiveonJanuary 1, 1988 Planning tooltoavoidenvironmentalproblemsdue toan action Studyto identify,predict, evaluate,anddisseminate informationrelating to the impacton the environment Detailing themeasuresbeforea project isauthorizedand executed

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Report Requirement on Transports Project

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