ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

BKC3543

CHAPTER 1 Introduction to Environmental Engineering .

Introduction to Environmental Engineering • Environmental System Overview • Environmental Legislation and Regulation • Environmental Ethics .

. • To explain the ethics that an engineer should have.Objective End of class student should be able: • To explain the environmental legislation and regulation applied in Malaysia.

Environment • Can be defined as one’s surroundings • Environmental engineer – environment may refer to a very localized area in which a specific problem must be addressed. the lakes and streams. groundwater • Biosphere : a thin shell that encapsulates the earth . • Global environment: • Atmosphere : a mixture of gases • Hydrosphere : consists of oceans.

pollutions start overload when human turned to satisfy their acquired needs.Cont’ • Human used natural resources to satisfy their needs • However. • Gives reverse negative impact : natural resources and health .

energy becomes insufficient and demands for technology increase • Society need more engineers in worlds infrastructure.Cont’ • World population continues to grow. environment problems become more complex. from wastewater treatment facilities to drinking water systems to roads ∀ ∴ require massive amounts of engineering .

engineers attain a rare ability to think logically and respond to varying conditions. • Through schooling and experience. accounting and political areas. .Cont’ • Technology holds a major key to the future and engineers should play a greater role in how it is applied instead of leaving important decisions to those in legal.

the chemistry and microbiology aspects • To build a bridge between biology and technology by applying all the techniques available .Role of the environmental engineer • Adapt the principles of natural mechanisms to engineered systems for pollution control. eg :containers used for disposal of hazardous wastes such as toxic chemicals and radioactive materials must isolate those materials from the environment • Understand the biological and chemical reactions involved in processes.

Cont’ • Protect the environment from the potentially deleterious effects of human activity • Protection of human populations from the effects of adverse environmental factors. and • Improvement of environmental quality for human health and well-being .

Cont’ • Design • Build / construct • Develop • • • • Knowledge Skill Social needs Economic viability .

Environmental Issues • Environmental awareness • Inculcate • Think about (4 R’s) – Reuse – Recycle – Reduce – Rethink .

we will start thinking: – Engineering design – Economic viability – Environmental friendly – Ecological acceptance • Success – Legislation.Attitude – Monitoring .Light fines and penalties – Auditing . laws and acts • Problem / challenges – Enforcement .Practice . policy.Cont’ • When we inculcate.

Sustainable Development • Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generation to meet their own needs Development Environment .

economic and environment are made useful to mankind economics engineering environment Man / human .3 E’s • The art and science by which the interacting functions of engineer.

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