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Assignment No - 2

Sumeet Chadgal 2011D18 Varun Ghelani 2011D24 Kaushik L 2011D25 Sneha Verma 2011C

Contents
1. 2. 3. 4.
Introduction and when Nature turned Demon for India ?
Natural Calamities in the last century Economic damage due to disasters Life Enhancing & Supporting Services in India

Contents
5. 6. 7. 8.
Air Pollution in India

Water Status & Pollution in India

Solid Waste Management in India

Impact on health

Introduction
The future of the Indian development, climate, the lives and the livelihoods of 1.2 billion of people depend on the choices we made today. We still have opportunity to stabilize the ecosystem and leave it in a better state for our generations to come. The problem India as a nation facing today is rate at which our population is expanding and the rate at which natural resources are depleting and both are proportional to one another. Its high-time when we gauge the Life-enhancing and Lifesupporting services which are playing vital role in the development which is far from being sustainable in India. Critical evaluation of the current state of both the services (enhancing & supporting) is thus necessary and urgent for us to realize the severity of the situation.

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Economic Damage due to Disasters

Economic Damage due to Disasters

Life enhancing services v/s Life supporting services

comparison

Life enhancing : 1.Organic farming 2.The Solid Waste Management 3.The Natural Water Quality Monitoring Programme Management 4.The National Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Programme (1984) 5. Recycling of Waste

Life Supporting: 1. Moderating weather 2. Contribute to climate & temperature stability 3. Mitigate drought and floods 4. Maintains Biodiversity 5. Protect us from UV rays 6. Purify the air and water 7. Prevents from soil erosion
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Air Pollution In India

Water Status In India


Analysis of 10 years data with respect to BOD(Bio Chemical Oxygen Demand) values as indicator of organic pollution S. No Level of Pollution Pollution Criteria Riverine length, Km. Riverine length percentage

01. 02. 03.

Severely polluted Moderately polluted Relatively clean

BOD more than 6 mg/l

6086

14 19 67

BOD 3-6 mg/l 8691 BOD less than 30242 3 mg/l

Water Pollution In India


Bio Chemical Oxygen Demand, mg/L State Jammu & Kashmir Himachal Pradesh Punjab Haryana Uttar Pradesh Rajasthan Madhya Pradesh Bihar West Bengal Orissa Andhra Pradesh Maharashtra Gujarat >6 0 19 70 95 1180 76 365 63 69 247 361 2721 265 3-6 0 0 132 87 1966 160 1157 126 221 1507 803 1706 185 <3 2291 1076 870 167 2473 606 4569 2337 874 473 2854 187 706 Total 2291 1095 1072 349 5619 842 6091 2526 1164 2227 4018 4614 1156

Water Pollution In India


Karnataka Kerala Tamil Nadu Assam Meghalaya Manipur Arunachal Pradesh Sikkim Nagaland Mizoram Goa Delhi T O T A L :258 0 269 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 28 6086 143 15 470 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 13 0 8691 2467 1395 1290 2043 557 759 707 754 503 235 53 20 30266 2868 1410 2029 2043 557 759 707 754 503 235 66 48 45043

Solid Waste management In India


9.2 million tonnes of hazardous waste

1.8 Sq km of additional landfill area every-year


Rs 2300 crore for treatment & disposal of these wastes In addition to this industries discharge about 225 million tonnes of high volume low hazard waste every year, which is mostly dumped on open low lying land areas.
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Solid Waste management In India


Waste is growing by leaps & bounds

In 1991-11, population of Mumbai increased from 12.2 million to 22.3 million


During the same period, municipal solid waste has grown from 5400 tonnes to 6430 tonne, an increase of 78% Waste collection is very low for all Indian cities City like Bangalore produces 2800 tonnes of waste per annum, the ever increasing waste has put pressure on hygienic condition of the city
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Departments in India to make it GREEN


Central Funding

State Pollution Control Boards

Indian Meteorological department

Ministry of Forests & Environment

Implementation of initiatives

Central Pollution control Board

Forestry in India

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Climate Climate change


Atmosphere Air pollution
Transport System Infrastructure Vehicles

Impact

Odour Traffic safety Hazardous matterial spills Fires Accidents (roadkill) Lithosphere: Soil and Water Landtake and Landuse

Ecosystem s

Propellants

Humans
Humanity

Material System

Visual Landscape

Health
Habitat fragmentation
Energy System

Soil and water pollution Waste s Acoustics Noise Vibration Congestion

Waste System

Well being