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. • Suspended ceilings are used all over the world today.• FALSE CEILINGS – Suspended ceiling systems. they also have various other advantages that has made this system useful and popular. It is usually suspended but can also be secured to the actual ceiling. False ceiling is an undercover to the real ceiling. Not only are they useful in providing a kind of ambience to the space.

• Reduction of heat loss or gain through the structure or the control of condensation and humidity. It also hides ugly trusses.• Provide a visual surface of required appearance using combinations of pattern. • Conceal services and under side of the structural frame or provide a void through which services can run whilst providing access to them. • It also adds in lowering the overall volume of the space which reduces air conditioning cost. texture or color. • Ventilation by ducts in the void with outlets in the ceiling surface • Lighting units can be fitted. • Provide fire resistance to the structural system. • Sound absorption reduces noise levels and reverberation within the area covered by the ceiling. . Echo reduction as in Cinema or Concert Halls.

• TYPES OF FALSE CEILING SYSTEMS … The most common are: Gypsum Board & P. • wood • Polystyrene . • Others materials are:• Mineral Wool Board • metal • Fiber-board • cloth • P. O.C.V. P.

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The diagram below depicts all the important parts of a false ceiling (suspended ceiling) system: .g. A.C ducts etc.ELEMENTS OF A FALSE CEILING A suspended ceiling system consists of 3 parts: • Primary Members • Secondary Members and • Main Ceiling Material or Tiles (e. lighting fixtures.) These primary and secondary members are called the structural members and form the framework on which the boards. are fixed. cloth etc. acoustic boards.

•1)Main Runners •2)Secondary members 3)Perimeter section 4)hanging member 5)Tile .

600 mm x 1200 mm. the area and the dimensions of the space as also the function.r. the grid of the framework is finalized. Important points to be considered are • • • • Position of beams and columns Position of AC ducts Position of light fixtures Placing of sprinkler system as well as smoke detectors . The framework grid dimensions and the material used in the system arise out of these aspects. The most common grid dimensions available are 600 mm X 600 mm. the space.t. beams etc. • 2) Second step: The second step is to work out the layout of the room with special attention given to the placing of AC ducts.• 1) First Step: The first step is to consider. the lighting and AC ducts). Once the layout of the furniture is finalized (w.

actual construction work can begin. AC ducts etc. the tiles can be places as well as the lighting fixtures. which are attached to the soffit with the help of either expansion bolts or hold alls. . • • 4) Fourth Step: Once the frame work is up. The main runners as well as the secondary members are suspended from the soffit with the help of hangers (preferably adjustable). depending upon the aesthetic taste or desires. The perimeter of the entire ceiling system can be ‘finished’ using either POP moldings or wood/metal angles. The level of the false ceiling is marked on the walls with the help of thread dipped in ink.• 3) Third Step: Once the grid and working drawings are in place.

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