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EFFICIENT POWER GENERATION USING WIND AND LIGHT ENERGY

Sriram polytechnic college


DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION GUIDED BY A.P.Senthilkumar B.E. Done by S.Rajesh (10401632) G.Vairamuthu (10418330) S.Manikandan (10418319) A.Manikandan (10418320) L.Manikandan (10418321) S.Senthilkumaran (10418326)

variety of factors including the increasingly ageing population require more care services to be delivered to users in their own homes. As a result, the development of home care systems has been a crucial research field for both academics and engineers. However, most research work was focused on home-care health services for patients such as hiTec home-care environment, smart-phone-based support system, wireless application protocol, mobile telemedicine system, etc.

For

elder or disabled people who are still in a good health condition, a friendly living environment, e.g., moderate indoor sunlight, is indeed an indispensable issue. Therefore, one of the solutions can be achieved by a power generator using wind and light energy.

Now

days the solar panel is widely used but we cannot get the full energy from sun. Ensure to get the full energy we are going for proposed system.

In

this proposed system we are using two renewable resources for generating power. Normally we can able to generate power using sunlight but, it is not available all the time in that mean time we are going to use power, generated by wind energy. In this project we use a miniature wind mill and solar panel capable of driving the small load.

The

microcontroller gets the power generated from the two resources, the analog voltage from two resources were converted into digital values and displays it in LCD, microcontroller switches the load using a DPDT relay by comparing those values. Since, we use renewable resources in our project it is very efficient for power generation.

PIC LCD

16F877A

RELAY

Power Supply

Wind Power Generator PIC16F877A Micro Controller Solar Panel

LCD display

Driver circuit

Load

PIC16F877A Solar

Microcontroller

Panel Wind power generator LCD Display Relay Driver

MPLAB Embedded

Saves

Energy Low Cost Improved Power Generation

This section describes how to generate +5V DC power supply

The

power supply section is the important one. It should deliver constant output regulated power supply for successful working of the project. A 0-12V/1 mA transformer is used for this purpose. The primary of this transformer is connected in to main supply through on/off switch& fuse for protecting from overload and short circuit protection. The secondary is connected to the diodes to convert 12V AC to 12V DC voltage. And filtered by the capacitors ,Which is further regulated to +5v, by using IC 7805.

PIC Microcontroller:
Analog Applications: 10-bit, up to 8-channel Analog-to-Digital Converter (A/D), Brownout Reset (BOR), Analog Comparator module with, Two analog comparators Programmable on-chip voltage reference (VREF) module, Programmable input multiplexing from device inputs and internal voltage reference, Comparator outputs are externally accessible

High-Performance RISC CPU: Only 35 single-word instructions to learn, All single-cycle instructions except for program branches, which are two-cycle, Operating speed: DC 20 MHz clock input DC 200 ns instruction cycle, Up to 8K x 14 words of Flash Program Memory, Up to 368 x 8 bytes of Data Memory (RAM), Up to 256 x 8 bytes of EEPROM Data Memory, Pinout compatible to other 28-pin or 40/44-pin PIC16CXXX and PIC16FXXX microcontrollers

Special Microcontroller Applications: 100,000 erase/write cycle Enhanced Flash program memory typical, 1,000,000 erase/write cycle Data EEPROM memory typical, Data EEPROM Retention > 40 years, Selfreprogrammable under software control, In-Circuit Serial Programming via two pins, Single-supply 5V In-Circuit Serial Programming Watchdog Timer (WDT) with its own on-chip RC oscillator for reliable operation Programmable code protection, Power saving Sleep mode, Selectable oscillator options, In-Circuit Debug (ICD) via two pins. CMOS Technology: Low-power, high-speed Flash/EEPROM technology, Fully static design, Wide operating voltage range (2.0V to 5.5V), Commercial and Industrial temperature ranges, Low-power consumption.

PIN explanation:

The LCD standard requires 3 control lines and 8 I/O lines for the data bus.

8 data pins D7:D0 Bi-directional data/command pins. Alphanumeric characters are sent in ASCII format. RS: Register Select RS = 0 -> Command Register is selected RS = 1 -> Data Register is selected R/W: Read or Write 0 -> Write, 1 -> Read E: Enable (Latch data) Used to latch the data present on the data pins. A high-to-low edge is needed to latch the data. The 8 data lines are connected to PORT 1 of 8051 microcontroller. The three control lines( RS,RW and EN ) are connected to PORT 3.5,3.6 and 3.7 respectively

A relay is an electrically operated switch. Electric current through the coil of the relay creates a magnetic field which attracts a lever and changes the switch contacts. The coil current can be on or off so relays have two switch positions and there are double-throw (changeover) switches. It consists of a coil of wire surrounding a soft iron core, an iron yoke, which provides a low reluctance path for magnetic flux, a movable iron armature, and a set, or sets, of contacts.

reluctance

path for magnetic flux, a movable iron armature, and a set, or sets, of contacts. In this condition, one of the two sets of contacts in the relay pictured is closed, and the other set is open. The P0_0, P0_1, P0_2 and P0_3 pin of controller is assumed as data transmit pins to the relay through relay driver ULN 2003. ULN 2003 is just like a current driver.

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