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Types of Ocean Going Vessels, Structure and Utility

Submitted to: Shri N. Chandra Mohan

Submitted by: Soumya Sukumar FS10-029

Maritime insurance was the earliest well-developed kind of insurance, with origins in the Greek and Roman maritime loan. Marine insurance covers the loss or damage of ships, cargo, terminals, and any transport or cargo by which property is transferred, acquired, or held between the points of origin and final destination.
Point of Origin Loss or damage Destination Ships, Cargo, Terminals, Transport

Dugout Canoes

Were developed by stone age population

Used for fishing and travel The first sea worthy boats were to catch Whales.

Longship, overlapped wooden strakes.

Knaar, type of cargo vessel. Cog,


To classify ships becomes difficult because the criteria

on which they have to be classified are too many. They could be classified according to their propulsion i.e.; either by Sails, Steam or Motor. The shape, size and function of the vessel. The hull material. The epoch in which the vessel was used. The geographic origin of the vessel. Number of hulls i.e.; Monohull, Catamaran or Trimaran.


Dry Cargo Tankers Passenger Support Other


Flat-bottomed boat No propelling system Usually propelled using tugboats or towboats

Utility: Used to transport bulky cargoes River and canal transportation Cheap alternative

Bulk Carrier:

A hatch or hatchway is the opening at the top of

a cargo hold The cargo is then loaded in Defined by the cargo it carries Built with a single hull curvature
Utility: Designed to transport unpackaged bulk cargo Such as grains, coal, ore, and cement

Container Ship:

Divided into cells by vertical guide rails Usually made of steel Utility: They form a common means of commercial

intermodal freight transport Hold pre-packed cargo

Car float: Structure: A barge with rail tracks

Used to move railroad cars across water obstacles Coaster: Structure: Shallow-hulled ships for getting through reefs. Utility: Used for trade between locations on the same island or


RORO ship:

They have built-in ramps which allow the cargo to be

efficiently "rolled on" and "rolled off" the vessel when in port. Utility: designed to carry wheeled cargo such as automobiles, trucks, semi-trailer trucks, trailers or railroad cars that are driven on and off the ship on their own wheels

Reefer ship: Structure: Temperature-controlled transportation Utility: Used to transport perishable commodities Fruits, meat, fish, vegetables, dairy products and other foodstuffs Heavy lift ship: A heavy lift ship is a vessel designed to move very large loads Lighter aboard ship (LASH) The lighter aboard ship system refers to the practice of loading

barges aboard a larger vessel for transport

Livestock carrier: Seagoing vessels modified for the purpose for the transportation

of live animals.

LNG Carriers:

Four to six tanks all along the centre line of the vessel Surrounding the tanks is a combination of ballast

tanks Inside the tank there are normally three pumps of the submerged-motor type.
Designed for transporting liquefied natural gas (LNG)

Oil Tanker:
An oil tanker, also known as a petroleum tanker, is a

merchant ship designed for the bulk transport of oil


It is lavish and exquisite Usually huge in size Utility: Transportation is not the prime purpose Built for pleasure Cruise ferry: This is a combination of a cruise ship and a roro ship. Used for transportation



Characterized by a square bow with steel knees for

pushing and powerful engines. Used to push barges and car floats
Tugboat: It is a boat that maneuvers vessels by pushing or

towing them. Tugs move vessels that either should not move themselves, such as ships in a crowded harbor Those that cannot move by themselves, such as barges, disabled ships, or oil platforms.

Pipe-laying ship: A pipelaying ship is a maritime vessel used in the

construction of subsea infrastructure. It serves to connect oil production platforms with refineries on shore.

Fishing vessel :
A fishing vessel is a boat or ship used to catch fish in

the sea, or on a lake or river. Icebreaker: An icebreaker is a special-purpose ship or boat designed to move and navigate through ice-covered waters. Drillship: A drillship is a maritime vessel that has been fitted with drilling apparatus. It is most often used for exploratory offshore drilling of new oil or gas wells in deep water or for scientific drilling.

With so many inventions and sophistications in the

shipping industry trade has become much simpler and hassle free. And without such vessels shipping would become tough.